A Comparison of the Effectiveness and Safety of Levofloxacin to That of Ciprofloxacin in Treating Complicated Urinary Tract Infection and Acute Pyelonephritis.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PriCara, Unit of Ortho-McNeil, Inc.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00210886
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: June 8, 2011
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of two antibiotics in the treatment of complicated urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection). A 5-day course of 750 milligrams of levofloxacin given intravenously and/or by mouth once daily will be compared to a 10-day course of 400 milligrams of ciprofloxacin given intravenously and/or 500 milligrams of ciprofloxacin given by mouth twice daily.


Condition Intervention Phase
Urinary Tract Infections
Pyelonephritis
Drug: levofloxacin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Levofloxacin 750 mg Once Daily for Five Days Versus Ciprofloxacin Twice Daily for Ten Days in the Treatment of Complicated Urinary Tract Infection and Acute Pyelonephritis.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Combination of clinical success and microbiologic eradication (known as therapeutic response) at post-therapy visit.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • By patient and pathogen microbiologic and clinical responses at the post-therapy and post-study visits.

Enrollment: 1109
Study Start Date: October 2004
Study Completion Date: April 2006
Detailed Description:

Levofloxacin has been approved in both its oral and intravenous forms to treat a large number of infections caused by bacteria. Levofloxacin and other members of a class of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones have been used successfully to treat urinary and kidney infections. This study will compare the effectiveness and safety of levofloxacin given for 5 days to that of another fluoroquinolone, ciprofloxacin, given for 10 days in treating complicated urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection). A shorter course of antibiotics may help patients take all of their medication, which is critically important for curing the infection. A shorter course may also help prevent the development of bacteria that cannot be killed by antibiotics. Patients will take 750 milligrams of levofloxacin intravenously and/or by mouth once daily for 5 days or 400 milligrams of ciprofloxacin intravenously and/or 500 milligrams of ciprofloxacin by mouth twice daily for 10 days. To prevent the study doctor, study staff and patients from knowing which study drug they are taking, all study drug will manufactured to look the same and patients on the 5-day regimen will be given placebo for the last 5 days of their participation in the study. The intravenous infusion bags will be covered so that the solution cannot be seen. The objective of the study is to demonstrate that 5 days of levofloxacin once daily is at least as effective as 10 days of ciprofloxacin twice daily in treating complicated urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis. Patients will take 750 milligrams of levofloxacin intravenously and/or by mouth once daily for 5 days or 400 milligrams of ciprofloxacin intravenously and/or 500 milligrams of ciprofloxacin by mouth twice daily for 10 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Positive dipstick test for leukocyte esterase AND/OR at least 5 white blood cells per centrifuged urine sediment AND/OR at least 10 white blood cells per microliter of uncentrifuged urine
  • outpatient or inpatient (in hospital, nursing home, or other extended-care facility)
  • clinical diagnosis of either complicated urinary tract infection or acute pyelonephritis.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Allergy or serious adverse reaction to levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, or other fluoroquinolone
  • urinary tract surgery or lithotripsy (treatment for kidney stones) within 7 days before study entry
  • a second coexisting bacterial infection that requires systemic antibiotics
  • need for a second antibiotic to treat the urinary tract infection
  • obstruction of the urinary tract
  • prostate infection.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00210886

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
PriCara, Unit of Ortho-McNeil, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00210886     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR004705
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Last Updated: June 8, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
complicated urinary tract infection
urinary tract infection
acute pyelonephritis
pyelonephritis
kidney infection
bladder infection

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pyelonephritis
Urinary Tract Infections
Nephritis, Interstitial
Nephritis
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Pyelitis
Infection
Ciprofloxacin
Ofloxacin
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Renal Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014