Positron Emission Tomography of Amyloid in Alzheimer's Disease

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
VU University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00205621
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: September 7, 2006
Last verified: August 2005
  Purpose

In this study in-vivo quantification of amyloid load will be performed in patients with AD, MCI and normal controls with Positron Emission Tomography. For this the PET tracers [11C]PIB and [18F]FDDNP will be compared.


Condition Intervention Phase
Alzheimer's Disease
Device: Positron Emission Tomography
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Positron Emission Tomography of Cerebral Amyloid Load as a Potential Diagnostic Marker for Pre-Symptomatic Alzheimer’s Disease.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by VU University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • quantification of amyloid binding

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: October 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2009
Detailed Description:

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive impairment in daily life, cognitive deterioration, and a variety of neuropsychiatric and behavioural symptoms. The diagnosis of AD is based on clinical criteria, but these have low sensitivity and specificity for AD in the early stages of the disease. Therefore, there is a great need for a method to identify the pathological process of AD at an earlier, preclinical stage. In-vivo imaging and quantification of pathological beta-amyloid (Aß) accumulation may provide such a method as the production and accumulation of Aß is thought to be central to the pathogenesis of AD. The view is widely held that Aß may be present in the brain at sublethal concentrations for extended periods before the overt manifestation of AD. Therefore, early, in-vivo detection of pathological Aß accumulation is warranted and may identify subjects at risk for AD. Neuroimaging with Positron Emission Tomography (PET) permits in-vivo imaging and quantification of cerebral amyloid load, which is a novel application of PET. Recently, several PET tracers ([18F]FDDNP and [11C]PIB) have been developed for this purpose and the first clinical studies in patients with AD are encouraging. For both tracers, many methodological issues still need to be resolved and the clinical value of in-vivo amyloid imaging remains to be established. The most important objectives of this project are twofold: to provide an independent and unbiased evaluation of the value of in-vivo amyloid imaging in the (early) diagnosis of AD and to optimize methods for quantification of the in-vivo cerebral amyloid load. To investigate the value in the early diagnosis, identification of subjects at risk for AD is essential. Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI), i.e patients suffering only from memory problems but without the other symptoms of AD, are recruited for this purpose. MCI is a disease state considered to be a transitional state between normal aging and dementia. It is generally accepted that the ability to identify the presence of Alzheimer type pathology in the MCI stage will benefit disease management. Twenty patients with amnestic MCI, 15 patients with AD and 15 age and sex matched healthy controls will be included in this study. Only consecutive new patients fulfilling criteria of amnestic MCI will be included. Patients with MCI will remain under clinical observation during two years after participation in order to monitor conversion to clinical dementia. All subjects will receive [11C]PIB and [18F]FDDNP PET scans on a single day. In addition, patients will receive a [18F]FDG PET scan. Furthermore, an MRI scan, a neuropsychological evaluation and CSF analysis for diagnostic purposes will be performed in all subjects.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinical diagnosis of probable Alzheimer’s disease (NINCDS-ADRDA criteria)
  • Clinical diagnosis of MCI according to the criteria of Petersen
  • Age between 60 and 80 years
  • Written informed consent of each subject.
  • Hb must be >8 mmol \ litre at the time of the screening for males and >7 mmol\litre for females.
  • Weight >50 kg
  • All subjects have to be “wilsbekwaam”

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any clinical significant abnormality of any clinical laboratory test
  • Any subject who has received any investigational medication within 30 days prior to the start of this study, or who is scheduled to receive an investigational drug.
  • Major psychiatric or neurological disorder other than AD
  • History of AD in first degree relatives (controls only)
  • History of alcohol and/or drug abuse (DSM-IV criteria)
  • Any sign of cardiovascular disease including ECG
  • Claustrophobia
  • Mini Mental State Score below 20
  • Use of non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Abnormalities on MRI other than white matter changes or an incidental small lacunar lesion.
  • Blood donation within 3 months before the scan day
  • Metal objects in or around the body (braces, pacemaker, metal fragments)
  • Use of antithrombotics and ASA
  • Fall ≤ 6 months or any relevant gait disorder
  • Need for elective surgery ≤ 3 months
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00205621

Locations
Netherlands
VU University Medical Center
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1081 HV
Sponsors and Collaborators
VU University Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bart van Berckel, MD; PhD VU University Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00205621     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005/90
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Last Updated: September 7, 2006
Health Authority: Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)

Keywords provided by VU University Medical Center:
Alzheimer's disease
amyloid
PET
PIB
FDDNP

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014