A Study to Evaluate Safety, Immunogenicity and Proof-of-concept of RTS,S/AS02A, and RTS,S/AS01B, Two Candidate Malaria Vaccines in Malaria-experienced Adults Living in Western Kenya.
The candidate malaria vaccine RTS,S/AS02A developed by GSK Biologicals demonstrated 30% efficacy against clinical episodes of malaria and approximately 58% efficacy against severe malaria disease. As a potential improvement to RTS,S/AS02A, another candidate vaccine RTS,S/AS01B is being developed in parallel in collaboration with the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR). This study will be the first administration of the RTS,S/AS01B vaccine to the African adults to establish safety and immunogenicity in this population. Preliminary indication of vaccine efficacy with this adjuvant will be established by monitoring the time to the first infection with Plasmodium falciparum.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||A Phase IIb Randomized, Double-blind, Controlled Study of the Safety, Immunogenicity and Proof-of-concept of RTS,S/AS02A, and RTS,S/AS01B, Two Candidate Malaria Vaccines in Malaria-experienced Adults Living in Western Kenya.|
- Safety of the vaccine up to 7 days post Dose 3.
- Safety of the vaccine upto 4 months post Dose 3. Antibody levels for relevant immunological indicators up to 4 months post Dose 3. Efficacy of the vaccine against malaria infection up to 4 months post Dose 3.
|Study Start Date:||July 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The study comprises of 3 groups and the participating subjects will be randomly allocated to one of the three groups. The first group will receive RTS,S/AS01B, the second group will receive RTS,S/AS02A and the third group will receive rabies vaccine. Immunization will be given by IM injection on 0, 1, 2 month schedule. Infants will be followed up daily for 7 days for solicited symptoms and 30 days for unsolicited symptoms after each vaccine dose. Serious adverse events will be recorded throughout the study period. A week prior to Dose 3, subjects will be treated with a licenced anti-malarial drug. Starting from two weeks after Dose 3, the subjects will be monitored for a 14-week duration for detection of malaria infection.
|U.S. Army Research Unit-Kenya|
|Study Director:||GSK Clinical Trials||GlaxoSmithKline|