Donepezil Treatment of Psychotic Symptoms in Dementia Patients

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified October 2005 by Beersheva Mental Health Center.
Recruitment status was  Not yet recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Beersheva Mental Health Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00190021
First received: September 11, 2005
Last updated: September 5, 2010
Last verified: October 2005
  Purpose

Conventional psychotropic medications may be used to treat behavioral disturbances and psychotic symptoms in patients with dementia and they are the drugs of choice for treating delusions and hallucinations. However the sensitivity to side effects in these patients often restricts the use of these agents (2, 3). Although, atypical antipsychotics have some advantages compared with conventional neuroleptics, they also are associated with side effects (5, 6).

Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) enhance neuronal transmission by increasing the availability of acetylcholine in muscarinic and nicotinic receptors. According to findings of some researchers ChEIs have psychotropic effects and may play an important role in controlling neuropsychiatric and behavioral disturbances in patients with Alzheimer's disease (7-10). These agents may also contribute to the management of other disorders with cholinergic system abnormalities and neuropsychiatric symptoms such as visual hallucinations (11).

Donepezil is a piperidine-based reversible, noncompetitive ChEI, which is indicated in the management of patients with Alzheimer's disease of mild to moderate severity (12-14). Preliminary observations suggest the possible value of ChEIs in the amelioration of psychotic symptoms in patients with dementia of the Alzheimer's type (DAT), dementia with Lewy bodies and patients suffering from Parkinson's disease (11-18).

The results of our study (18) indicate that the addition of donepezil to perphenazine resulted in qualitatively superior clinical gains compared to higher doses of neuroleptic therapy without donepezil.

The finding of the pilot study although impressive, stem from data regarding a rather small sample. The present (second) phase of the study will include a larger sample of patients. We now intend to examine 80 inpatients, aged 65-90 years old, suffering from DAT.


Condition Intervention Phase
Dementia of Alzheimer Type
Drug: donepezil
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Donepezil as Add-On Treatment of Psychotic Symptoms in Patients With Dementia of the Alzheimer's Type

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Beersheva Mental Health Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Possitive and Negative Syndrome Scale
  • Clinical Global Impression

Estimated Enrollment: 80
  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years to 90 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age: 65-90
  • DSM-IV diagnosis of Alzheimer's type dementia
  • inclusion of psychotic symptoms such as: hallucinations and delusions, aggression/agitation, irritability and disinhibition calling for adminstration of antipsychotic drugs
  • duration of psychotic symptoms of at least 2 weeks before start of treatment
  • lack of improvement of psychotic symptoms during perphenazine treatment for at least 3 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  • vascular demential
  • concurrent Axis I DSM-IV diagnosis (delirium, schizophrenia, delusional disorder and affective disorders)
  • significant medical illness (cardiovascular, liver, renal, edocrinal, B12 or folic acid deficience and neurological illnesses)
  • drug or alcohol addiction
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00190021

Contacts
Contact: Vladimir Lerner, MD, PhD 9728-6401408 lernervld@yahoo.com
Contact: Tzvi Dwolatzky, MD 9728-6401416 tzvidov@bgu.ac.il

Locations
Israel
Beersheva Mental Health Center Not yet recruiting
Beersheva, Israel
Contact: Vladimr Lerner, MD, PhD    9728-6401408    lernervld@yahoo.com   
Contact: Tzvi Dwolatzky, MD    9728-6401416    tzvidov@bgu.ac.il   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Beersheva Mental Health Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Valdimir Lerner, MD, PhD Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Principal Investigator: Tzvi Dwolatzky, MD Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00190021     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BMHC-3495CTIL
Study First Received: September 11, 2005
Last Updated: September 5, 2010
Health Authority: Israel: Israeli Health Ministry Pharmaceutical Administration

Keywords provided by Beersheva Mental Health Center:
Alzheimer's type dementia
donepezil
double-blind

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Donepezil
Cholinesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nootropic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014