Complement Activation and Central Nervous System Injury After Coronary Artery Surgery
The impact of the postoperative inflammatory response on the central nervous system after cardiac surgery is uncertain.
The goal of this study was to evaluate the role of complement activation on cellular brain injury and neurological functioning in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery. In addition, the effect of complement activation on the cerebral vasomotricity was assessed.
Because receptors to activated complement are present on astrocytes, the heparin-coated cardiopulmonary bypass that reduces complement activation should minimize these postoperative neurological adverse events. Heparin-coating might also influence blood flow velocity in cerebral arteries postoperatively if complement activation mediates cardiopulmonary bypass induced cerebral vasomotor dysfunction.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Device: heparin-coated cardiopulmonary bypass
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Biocompatible Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Neuropsychological Outcome After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery|
- sC5b-9 release
- s100beta release
- changes in neuropsychological functioning (z scores of cognitive domains)
- blood flow velocity in the middle cerebral artery (subgroup)
Closed cardiopulmonary bypass and controlled suctions of pericardial shed blood were standardized in all patients.
Bedside transcranial Doppler examination served to evaluate the development of cerebral vasomotor dysfunction in a subgroup of patients.