A Prospective Multi Centre Trial on Bipolar Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation
The study is a prospective multi-centre study to investigate the effect of a new bipolar ablation strategy of the left atrium in patients with paroxysmal or permanent atrial fibrillation over time.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Prospective Multi Centre Trial on Bipolar Radiofrequency Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation|
- Number of patients in sinus rhythm after 3, 6, and 12 months [ Time Frame: 3, 6, ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Number of patients with atrial function at echo-doppler after 6 and 12 months [ Time Frame: 3,6, 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Number of patients on anticoagulants after 6 and 12 months [ Time Frame: 6 and 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Procedure: Bipolar radiofrequency ablation
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common persistent arrhythmia, prevalent in about 6% of the population over 65 years of age. AF reduces the quality of life and increases mortality. AF is particularly common in combination with mitral valve disease, but is also detected in about 5% of patients with aortic valve and coronary artery disease. Surgical treatment of AF with the Cox-maze III operation was developed by J. Cox during the 80ies. The aim of the operation is to block spread of irregular electrical activity by creating lines of isolation in the atrial musculature. The operation achieves sinus rhythm in over 90% in selected patients. Nevertheless the method was only used in few heart surgical centres, because it is complex and time consuming.In recent years alternative energy sources have been developed to create isolating lines without cutting the tissue and thus making ablation treatment easier. Bipolar radiofrequency ablation is special because the energy is delivered feedback controlled until transmurality is achieved. This is a prerequisite for a good result and makes using the equipment safer.
Since the development of the Cox-maze procedure, our knowledge of atrial fibrillation and its treatment has increased considerably. There is a consensus that the posterior part of the left atrium and in particular the pulmonary veins are an important target for treatment. Surgical ablation with alternative energy sources is a new method under continued development and evaluation.
The optimal ablation treatment is unknown. A balance between invasiveness and achieving sinus rhythm in as many as possible has to be found. Creating numerous ablation lines in both atria is time consuming and leads probably to an increased need for permanent pacemaker implantation and reduced contractility of the atrial tissue. On the other hand can a simple bipolar ablation of pulmonary veins performed easily, but this is probably an insufficient treatment for most patients. In the protocol a new method using solely bipolar ablation for creation of several ablation lines in the left atrium is described.
The study is a prospective multi-centre study to investigate the effect of a new bipolar ablation strategy of the left atrium in patients with paroxysmal or permanent AF over time.
|Haukeland Universitetssykehus HF|
|Bergen, Norway, 5021|
|Feiring, Norway, 2093|
|Ullevål Universitetssykehuset HF|
|Oslo, Norway, 0407|
|Oslo, Norway, 0027|
|Regionssykehuset i Tromsø HF|
|Tromsø, Norway, 9038|
|St. Elisabeth Department of Heart and Lung Surgery, St. Olavs Hospital|
|Trondheim, Norway, 7030|
|Study Director:||Alexander Wahba, Prof||Norwegian University of Science and Technology|