Effects of a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit
The purpose of the study is to compare the effects of using or not using a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) in an acute psychiatric department.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effects of a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit in an Acute Psychiatric Department.|
- Length of stay in PICU.
- Effect of treatment (PANSS).
- Violent or threatening incidents (SOAS-R).
- Therapeutic steps and nurses' interventions daily.
|Study Start Date:||October 2001|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The main aim of the study is to compare the effects of using or not using a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) in an acute psychiatric department.The acute ward of Østmarka psychiatric department, St. Olavs Hospital has a PICU separated from the rest of the ward. The PICU is separated with a locked door. Under two different conditions at different times all patients evaluated to be in need of PICU were admitted to the PICU. In the first condition the doors inside the PICU and between the rest of the acute ward and PICU were closed or locked. In the second condition the doors inside the PICU and the door between the PICU and the rest of the acute ward were either removed or held permanently open. In the second condition the patients thus were admitted to a PICU unit not using PICU principles.
The patients were evaluated with different rating scales at admittance, day three and at discharge from PICU.
|Østmarka Psychiatric Department, St. Olavs Hospital|
|Trondheim, Norway, 7441|
|Study Chair:||Olav M Linaker, Professor||Norwegian University of Science and Technology|