The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Antidepressant Response
This study will use positron emission tomography (PET) to examine the effect of sleep deprivation on brain function.
Behavioral: total sleep deprivation
Procedure: PET imaging
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Antidepressant Response in Geriatric Depression: Neurometabolic Substrates Studied With PET|
- To gain an understanding of the neurochemical processes that may lead to development of pharmacologic strategies that would accelerate antidepressant response or more directly to the development of antidepressant treatments.
- PET study
- Regional glucose metabolic rates and regional [18F]-altanserin binding
- MRI scan
- Beck Depression Inventory
- Profile of Mood States
- Serum anticholinergicity and paroxetine blood levels
- Hamilton Depression Rating Scale
- Folstein Mini-Mental State Exam
|Study Start Date:||February 1999|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2003|
This study seeks to better understand the effect of sleep deprivation (TSD) on brain function using Positron Emission Tomography (PET). PET is an established research procedure that produces images of the brain. The purpose of these images is to show changes in brain activity associated with sleep deprivation. The neurochemical mechanisms underlying the TSD acceleration of antidepressant efficacy have not been identified. An understanding of these neurochemical processes may lead to the development of pharmacologic strategies that would accelerate antidepressant response or more directly to the development of antidepressant treatments that are more efficacious.
This study will be conducted in collaboration with Dr. Charles Reynolds' ongoing protocol "Geriatric Depression: Neurobiology of Treatment" (IRB #970356). The impetus for the clinical studies is the finding that the clinical response to antidepressant treatment in geriatric depressed patients is delayed, with the median time to remission reported as up to 12 weeks. Thus, the development of a strategy to accelerate treatment response would represent a substantial contribution to the treatment of geriatric depression. One approach that has been reported to accelerate antidepressant response in mid-life depression is one night of total sleep deprivation (TSD) prior to initiating antidepressant treatment. TSD has also been shown to improve mood in depressed patients, the response to TSD may distinguish subsequent treatment responders from non-responders and depressive relapse may occur after naps or a night of recovery sleep. The neurochemical mechanisms underlying the TSD acceleration of antidepressant efficacy have not been identified. An understanding of these neurochemical processes may lead to the development of pharmacologic strategies that would accelerate antidepressant response or more directly to the development of antidepressant treatments that are more efficacious.
Advancements in brain imaging technology and radiotracer chemistry have made it possible to measure metabolic activity and specific neurochemical mechanisms using Positron Emission Tomography (PET). The proposed studies represent the initial step in characterizing the neurochemical alterations produced by TSD and the impact of TSD on antidepressant response by TSD in geriatric depressed patients using PET and a radiotracer for brain glucose metabolism, [18F]-2deoxy-2-fluoro-D-glucose ([18F]-2DG). Having established the regional metabolic alterations associated with sleep deprivation and recovery sleep in patients who are subsequent treatment responders and compared the metabolic changes with treatment non-responders, future studies will be undertaken using neuroreceptor radiotracers to define the specific neurochemical pathways subserving the regional pattern of metabolic alterations. The glucose metabolic response to sleep deprivation in mid-life depression has been investigated at the UPMC PET Facility and at other institutions (e.g. Dube et al., in preparation, Wu et al., 1991, 1992). The studies performed in the geriatric depressed patients will be compared with the PET studies conducted in mid-life depressed patients to assess the contribution of the aging process to the neurometabolic response to sleep.
For information on related studies, please follow these links:
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|University of Pittsburgh Medical Center|
|Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles F Reynolds III, M.D.||University of Pittsburgh|