Risperdal Consta for Bipolar Disorder

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Janssen Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
K.N. Roy Chengappa, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00177164
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: January 11, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

We recruited 50 consenting adult subjects with DSM-IV TR diagnoses of bipolar disorder who were about to initiate or switch their current antipsychotic agent. Patients were titrated and cross-tapered during a 3 month titration and stabilization phase. They were followed for an additional 12 months. Clinical outcomes such as study drop out, adverse events, worsening of symptoms, crisis interventions, need for additional medication, hospitalizations etc. were evaluated from months 3 to 15. The numbers of clinical events (pooled) will be used to evaluate if the long acting injectable form of risperidone has an advantage over the oral second generation antipsychotic agents in terms of treatment continuity and clinical stability.


Condition Intervention Phase
Bipolar I Disorder
Drug: Injectable Risperidone (Consta) or oral antipsychotic
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Random Assignment,Parallel Group, Open Label Comparison of Clinical Outcomes and Resource Utilization Among Bipolar Disorder Patients Receiving Either Long Acting Injectable Risperidone Microspheres (Risperdal Consta® ) or Other Second Generation Oral Antipsychotic Agents: A 15 Month Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluate the number of clinical events (pooled) occurring between 3-15 months following a switch/stabilization of the antipsychotic agents among patients who receive either Risperidal Consta or one of the 4 marketed 2nd generation antipsychotic agents. [ Time Frame: Upto 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluate differences in types of clinical events between the two randomized groups,and differences if any between the two treatment groups in terms of weight gain, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia etc. [ Time Frame: Upto 15 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: November 2003
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: March 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
Oral Risperidone followed by Long acting Risperidone injections (Consta)
Drug: Injectable Risperidone (Consta) or oral antipsychotic

Injectable Risperidone (Consta) from 12.5 to 50 mg q 2 weeks

Oral antipsychotic agents, olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, aripiprazole in doses approved in the US for bipolar disorder

Other Names:
  • Long actiing risperidone injection (Consta), oral risperidone (risperdal).
  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa), Quetiapine (Seroquel), Ziprasidone (Geodon), Aripiprazole (Ablify)
Active Comparator: 2
Oral second generation antipsychotic agents other than clozapine or risperidone (olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, aripiprazole)
Drug: Injectable Risperidone (Consta) or oral antipsychotic

Injectable Risperidone (Consta) from 12.5 to 50 mg q 2 weeks

Oral antipsychotic agents, olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, aripiprazole in doses approved in the US for bipolar disorder

Other Names:
  • Long actiing risperidone injection (Consta), oral risperidone (risperdal).
  • Olanzapine (Zyprexa), Quetiapine (Seroquel), Ziprasidone (Geodon), Aripiprazole (Ablify)

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate if a long acting injectable form of risperidone offers clinical advantages over comparison oral second generation antipsychotic agents following titration and stabilization in bipolar subjects. In keeping with current practice, it is expected the vast majority of patients will also be receiving either lithium or valproate or other anticonvulsants. Following the stabilization phase several clinical events will be evaluated for up to 15 months in the two treatment groups to examine differences in clinical outcomes between those receiving the injectable versus oral medicines.

RESEARCH PLAN:

We intend to recruit 50 consenting adult subjects with DSM-IV TR diagnoses of bipolar disorder who are about to initiate or to switch their antipsychotic agent. Patients will be titrated and cross-tapered during a 3 month titration and stabilization phase. Those who transition successfully and show some improvement will be followed for an additional 12 months. Clinical outcomes such as study drop out, adverse events, worsening of symptoms, crisis interventions, need for additional medication, hospitalizations etc. will be evaluated from months 3 to 15. The numbers of clinical events (pooled) will be used to evaluate if the long acting injectable form of risperidone has an advantage over the oral second generation antipsychotic agents in terms of treatment continuity and clinical stability.

METHODS:

An open design, but treatment to either the long acting risperidone or to the oral second generation antipsychotic agents is randomly assigned. A board independent of the day-to-day clinical events will code the primary clinical outcomes of interest without knowledge of treatment assignment. The board will be provided clinical summaries of these events without revealing the treatment assignment.

SIGNIFICANCE:

The use of a long acting injectable second generation antipsychotic agent may offer advantages of treatment continuity and adherence in bipolar patients permitting improved clinical stability and improved psychosocial and functional outcomes. Such stability is difficult to achieve in the face of frequent treatment discontinuations seen with oral agents. The improved tolerability of the second generation antipsychotic agents may change the perception of long acting injections. For instance, these agents are likely to be more acceptable to patients, families and clinicians and therefore likely be used much sooner in the treatment algorithms of bipolar patients than in the past. This study will provide a treatment effect size to statistically power future comparisons of long-acting injectable vs. oral antipsychotic agents in persons with bipolar disorder

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • DSM-IV - TR diagnoses of bipolar disorder (I or II or NOS).
  • Age 18 to 70 years
  • Men or women
  • Any Ethnicity
  • Currently receiving or willing to receive treatment at sites associated with the Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic -University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (inpatient or ambulatory) or Mon Yough Community Services, Inc. or at Mayview State Hospital, Bridgeville, PA (inpatient)
  • Able to provide competent and sign an informed consent document
  • It is clinically appropriate in the eligible individual to consider antipsychotic treatment for at least 15 months (clinician and investigator determined)
  • It is clinically appropriate to switch antipsychotic treatment to one of the second generation antipsychotic agents being evaluated in this study.
  • There is no known contraindication for the use of either risperidone or for more than two of the antipsychotic agents being considered in the study (Investigator determined)
  • At entry (at the screening visit, and just prior to randomization) Y-MRS (Young-Mania rating scale, Young et al., 1978) total score > 15 in bipolar disorder patients entering in a manic or mixed or hypomanic or NOS episode.
  • Either life-time or current comorbid substance abuse or dependence is permitted (unless the Investigator and referring physician opines the substance abuse is likely to significantly interfere with either the diagnosis of the Axis I condition or to compromise patients safety due to withdrawal issues (Investigator determined).
  • Screening physical and laboratory/EKG procedures are within acceptable limits

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Actively suicidal or dangerous to others (Investigator opines that it is inappropriate to involve the potential subject in the study)
  • Pregnant or lactating women
  • Women in the reproductive age group who are not using any acceptable contraception (abstinence is not acceptable) or intend to become pregnant during the trial
  • Subjects who are likely to face incarceration during the study duration (and for those already in the study, the continued participation of such subjects will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis)
  • Patients currently receiving clozapine (or within six weeks prior to randomization) are ineligible for the study
  • Subjects currently receiving a depot neuroleptic injectable agent, or within 2 injection cycles of receiving the injection prior to randomization.
  • Allergy or serious side effects (for instance - neuroleptic malignant syndrome) to either risperidone or to more than two of the other second-generation antipsychotic agents that have been approved for use in the U.S.A. (olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, aripiprazole-per investigator and referring clinician).
  • Treatment resistance to either risperidone, or to more than two of the other antipsychotic agents in this trial (olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, aripiprazole).
  • This is the first episode of mania, mixed or hypomania for patients.
  • Current (or within one month prior to randomization) participation in an investigational drug/device study.
  • Currently participating in another study that would confound the present study objectives (per investigator)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00177164

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Mayview State Hospital
Bridgeville, Pennsylvania, United States, 15017-1599
Dubois Regional Medical Center
Dubois, Pennsylvania, United States, 15801
Mon-Yough Community Services, Inc.
McKeesport, Pennsylvania, United States, 15132
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213-2593
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
Janssen Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Principal Investigator: K.N. Roy Chengappa, MD Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Chengappa KN Roy, Turkin SR, Schlicht P, Murphy S, Brar J, Fagiolini A, Houck PR, Garbut RG, Fredrick N. A Pilot, 15-month, Randomised Effectiveness Trial of Risperidone Long-Acting Injection (RLAI) Versus Oral Atypical Antipsychotic Agents (AAP) in Persons with Bipolar Disorder. Acta Neuropsychiatrica 22:68-80, 2010.

Responsible Party: K.N. Roy Chengappa, Professor of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00177164     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RIS-PSY-405, Univ. Pittsburgh IRB #0403091
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: January 11, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
Bipolar I Disorder
Risperidone Consta - Long Acting Injection
Oral second generation antipsychotic agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bipolar Disorder
Affective Disorders, Psychotic
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Antipsychotic Agents
Risperidone
Quetiapine
Olanzapine
Aripiprazole
Ziprasidone
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin Antagonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Dopamine Antagonists
Dopamine Agents
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014