Screening for CRC Using a Mixed Strategy of Sigmoidoscopy and Colonoscopy in Average-Risk Population According to Age

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2005 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00173277
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: NA
Last verified: June 2005
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

BACKGROUND: Primary screening with sigmoidoscopy would miss a substantial proportion of advanced proximal neoplasia (APN), but screening with universal colonoscopy is costly. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of mixed strategy which uses sigmoidoscopy for younger patients and colonoscopy for older patients.

MATERIALS and METHODS: We analyzed an established database containing consecutive average-risk adults aged 50 or older who underwent screening colonoscopy as part of health check-up. We assessed the efficacy of mixed screening strategy using colonoscopy for persons aged at and above a certain cut-off age and sigmoidoscopy for persons aged below that age. Those who underwent sigmoidoscopy initially would be referred for subsequent colonoscopy if distal sentinel lesion was detected.


Condition
Colorectal Cancer

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Defined Population
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Screening for CRC Using a Mixed Strategy of Sigmoidoscopy and Colonoscopy in Average-Risk Population According to Age

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Estimated Enrollment: 2500
Study Start Date: June 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2004
Detailed Description:

Because the prevalence of proximal colon cancer and APN was higher in older patients15, a greater proportion of advanced colonic neoplasia or cancer would be missed if colonoscopy was not performed for older patients. So if we develop a mixed strategy to offer sigmoidoscopy for younger patients and reserve colonoscopy for older patients, we might be able to detect more APN with fewer colonoscopic procedures. We aimed to determine an optimal cut-off age and choose an appropriate distal sentinel lesion for subsequent colonoscopy.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Only asymptomatic ethnic Chinese subjects aged 50 years or older who underwent total colonoscopy were included in this study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Persons with symptoms indicative of colorectal cancer, such as hematochezia, body weight loss, development of persistent abdominal pain or rectal pain, and a change in bowel habit, were excluded from this study. Other exclusion criteria were: (1) past history of CRC, colon polyps, or inflammatory bowel disease; (2) a history of screening tests, including FOBT, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, or barium studies within 5 years; (3) any first degree relative(s) with colon cancer; (4) criteria for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis, or other polyposis syndrome; (5) obvious anemia with hemoglobin level less than 10g/dl; (6) incomplete examination of entire colon, including poor colon preparation and failure to reach cecum.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00173277

Contacts
Contact: Jyh-ming Liou, MD 886-2-23123456 ext 5695 dtmed046@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw

Locations
Taiwan
Departments of Internal Medicine, Medicine National Taiwan University Hospital, Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Contact: Ming-Shiang Wu, MD, PhD    886-2-23123456 ext 5695    stanley@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw   
Principal Investigator: Jyh-Ming Liou, MD         
Principal Investigator: Shi-Pei Huang, MD,PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Han-Mo Chiu, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Hsiu-Po Wang, MD         
Principal Investigator: aw-Town Lin, MD,PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Investigators
Study Director: Ming-Shiang Wu, MD, PhD Departments of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00173277     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9461700610
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: September 12, 2005
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
colorectal cancer screening
colonoscopy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 01, 2014