Cyclooxygenase-2-Associated Factors and Gastric Carcinogenesis Mechanisms-Clinical Association and Genomic Investigation

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified March 2005 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00172861
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: NA
Last verified: March 2005
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Background:

Gastric carcinoma (GC) remains among the most frequent malignancies in Taiwan as well as in the world and also one of leading causes of cancer-related death. Accumulating evidence shows that chronic inflammation leads to the occurrence of cancers, including GC, via multiple mechanisms.

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a crucial enzyme in inflammatory process and is shown to be up-regulated in a variety of cancers. Therefore, COX-2 may play an important role in carcinogenesis. The hallmarks of cancer include continuing proliferation, evading apoptosis, prohibiting immunity, promoting angiogenesis, enhancing invasion and metastasis. We hypothesize that COX-2 induces carcinogenesis through multiple mechanistic strategies and interactions of multiple genes simultaneously.

Laser capture microdissection (LCM) for obtaining pure cancer cells and microarray technology and analysis are now generally accepted as powerful tools in genomic research, providing reliable microdissection of cancer cells and simultaneous analysis of whole genome.

Aim:

Use microarray technology to investigate patterns of genomic change related to differential COX-2 expression and their clinicopathological association in GC.

Materials:

GC cell lines are transfected with COX-2-expressing vector to establish cell lines with differential levels of COX-2 expression. Clinical specimens are obtained from surgical resection of GC proved by pathology at the Surgical Department of National Taiwan University Hospital, which COX-2 expression is evaluated by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining.

Methods:

The present project will use microarray for analysis of genome clustering patterns of surgical tissue (GC cells procured by LCM) and GC cell lines based on differential COX-2 expression levels, to discover significantly positively or negatively associated gene clusterings which contain candidate genes for studies of carcinogenesis mechanisms and establishment of animal experiment models in another component project.

Execution:

In the first year of this 3-year project, we will establish GC cell lines expressing differential COX-2 levels by transfection of COX-2-expressing vector and focus on analyzing their genomes by microarray. We also start to collect surgical specimens of GC, record clinicopathological characteristics, procure cells by LCM and assess RNA quality, perform microarray experiments. In the second year, we will continue LCM, RNA extraction, and microarray experiments. In the third year, microarray experiment of a total of 60 pairs, including 30 high-COX-2 cases and 30 low-COX-2 cases, of tumor and non-tumoral tissues are completed. Final analysis is carried out to identify clustering, to select candidate genes, and investigate their relationship to clinicopathological characteristics, according to COX-2 expression. These genes are to be subjected to mechanism and animal studies. We expect a better understanding of patterns of gene clustering in differential COX-2 gene expression.


Condition
Gastric Cancer

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Defined Population
Time Perspective: Longitudinal

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: January 2005
Detailed Description:

Background:

Gastric carcinoma (GC) remains among the most frequent malignancies in Taiwan as well as in the world and also one of leading causes of cancer-related death. Accumulating evidence shows that chronic inflammation leads to the occurrence of cancers, including GC, via multiple mechanisms.

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a crucial enzyme in inflammatory process and is shown to be up-regulated in a variety of cancers. Therefore, COX-2 may play an important role in carcinogenesis. The hallmarks of cancer include continuing proliferation, evading apoptosis, prohibiting immunity, promoting angiogenesis, enhancing invasion and metastasis. We hypothesize that COX-2 induces carcinogenesis through multiple mechanistic strategies and interactions of multiple genes simultaneously.

Laser capture microdissection (LCM) for obtaining pure cancer cells and microarray technology and analysis are now generally accepted as powerful tools in genomic research, providing reliable microdissection of cancer cells and simultaneous analysis of whole genome.

Aim:

Use microarray technology to investigate patterns of genomic change related to differential COX-2 expression and their clinicopathological association in GC.

Materials:

GC cell lines are transfected with COX-2-expressing vector to establish cell lines with differential levels of COX-2 expression. Clinical specimens are obtained from surgical resection of GC proved by pathology at the Surgical Department of National Taiwan University Hospital, which COX-2 expression is evaluated by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining.

Methods:

The present project will use microarray for analysis of genome clustering patterns of surgical tissue (GC cells procured by LCM) and GC cell lines based on differential COX-2 expression levels, to discover significantly positively or negatively associated gene clusterings which contain candidate genes for studies of carcinogenesis mechanisms and establishment of animal experiment models in another component project.

Execution:

In the first year of this 3-year project, we will establish GC cell lines expressing differential COX-2 levels by transfection of COX-2-expressing vector and focus on analyzing their genomes by microarray. We also start to collect surgical specimens of GC, record clinicopathological characteristics, procure cells by LCM and assess RNA quality, perform microarray experiments. In the second year, we will continue LCM, RNA extraction, and microarray experiments. In the third year, microarray experiment of a total of 60 pairs, including 30 high-COX-2 cases and 30 low-COX-2 cases, of tumor and non-tumoral tissues are completed. Final analysis is carried out to identify clustering, to select candidate genes, and investigate their relationship to clinicopathological characteristics, according to COX-2 expression. These genes are to be subjected to mechanism and animal studies. We expect a better understanding of patterns of gene clustering in differential COX-2 gene expression.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • surgical resected gastric cancer proved by pathology

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Nil
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00172861

Contacts
Contact: Jaw-Town Lin, MD, PhD 886-2-23123456 ext 5695 jawtown@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw

Locations
Taiwan
Jaw-Town Lin Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan
Contact: Jaw-Town Lin, MD, PhD    886-2-23123456 ext 5695    jawtown@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jaw-Town Lin, MD, PhD Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00172861     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9461700304
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: September 12, 2005
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
gastric cancer, cyclooxygenase-2, microarray

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014