Association of Colorectal Cancer With Nutrition, Diet, Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, and Genetic Alterations in Taiwan

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified January 2003 by National Taiwan University Hospital.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Taiwan University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00172757
First received: September 12, 2005
Last updated: November 25, 2005
Last verified: January 2003
  Purpose

We will explore the genetic (including APC, k-ras, p53, MSI, etc.) and environmental (including family history, life style, diet, nutritional status, DM, serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3, etc.) risk factors of colorectal tumorigenesis. We will accrue approximately 1000 patients as experimental group. The control group consists of 2000 individuals who were confirmed without colorectal cancer or polyps by colonoscopy. We estimated the statistical power of this study will reach more than 90%. In the second year, we will explore the association between various environmental risk factors with the epigenetic changes of various oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Firstly, we will study the correlation between hypermethylation of promoter region of hMLH1 gene with various environmental factors. Next, we will explore the genetic polymorphisms of promoter of E-cadherin gene. Recently, it has been reported that the C→A genetic polymorphism in the promoter region of E-cadherin gene in prostate cancer. Since this phenomenon has not been reported in colorectal cancer, it is mandatory for us to extend our research to the E-cadherin polymorphisms of colorectal cancer. Moreover, this project will focus on exploration of the association between the genetic polymorphisms of promoter of TS gene with chemosensitivity to 5-Fu-based therapy. We speculated that the better prognosis in colorectal tumors with MSI is related to their expression of TS gene. In summary, the second year of this project will extend our accumulated experience in the study of genetic polymorphisms to further clarify the association between genetic polymorphisms of TS gene with the prognosis of colorectal cancers after chemotherapy. We believe that this project will facilitate: (1) the further clarification of colorectal cancer tumorigenesis; (2) the establishment of domestic epidemiological data of colorectal cancer of Taiwan, and (3) the improvement of the quality of clinical management of patients with colorectal cancer.


Condition Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Phase 2

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Primary Purpose: Screening
Time Perspective: Longitudinal
Official Title: Risk Factors of Colorectal Cancer in Taiwan-With Special Reference to the Association With Nutrition, Diet, Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, and Genetic Alterations

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:

Estimated Enrollment: 1000
Study Start Date: January 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2005
Detailed Description:

This is a two-year hospital-based case control study. In the fist year, we will set up solid database of our laboratory regarding the molecular genetics of colorectal cancer. We will explore the genetic (including APC, k-ras, p53, MSI, etc.) and environmental (including family history, life style, diet, nutritional status, DM, serum IGF-I, IGFBP-3, etc.) risk factors of colorectal tumorigenesis. During the whole 2-year period of this project, we will accrue approximately 1000 patients as experimental group. The control group consists of 2000 individuals who were confirmed without colorectal cancer or polyps by colonoscopy. We estimated the statistical power of this study will reach more than 90%. In the second year, we will explore the association between various environmental risk factors with the epigenetic changes of various oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. It has been well known that epigenetic changes of various oncogene and tumor suppressor genes was related to the intrinsic and extrinsic environmental alterations. Firstly, we will study the correlation between hypermethylation of promoter region of hMLH1 gene with various environmental factors. Next, we will explore the genetic polymorphisms of promoter of E-cadherin gene. It has been well known that E-cadherin plays a major role in the maintenance of cellular structure. Recently, it has been reported that the C→A genetic polymorphism in the promoter region of E-cadherin gene in prostate cancer. The experimental method was feasible in our laboratory. Since this phenomenon has not been reported in colorectal cancer, it is mandatory for us to extend our research to the E-cadherin polymorphisms of colorectal cancer. Moreover, this project will focus on exploration of the association between the genetic polymorphisms of promoter of TS gene with chemosensitivity to 5-Fu-based therapy. Recent reports indicated that colorectal tumors with MSI have better prognosis. Moreover, some authors indicated that the genetic polymorphisms of TS genes was related to chemosensitivity. Therefore, we speculated that the better prognosis in colorectal tumors with MSI is related to their expression of TS gene. In summary, the second year of this project will extend our accumulated experience in the study of genetic polymorphisms to further clarify the association between genetic polymorphisms of TS gene with the prognosis of colorectal cancers after chemotherapy. We believe that this project will facilitate: (1) the further clarification of colorectal cancer tumorigenesis; (2) the establishment of domestic epidemiological data of colorectal cancer of Taiwan, and (3) the improvement of the quality of clinical management of patients with colorectal cancer.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Consecutive cases of sporadic colorectal cancer in NTUH.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • FAP and HNPCC.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00172757

Contacts
Contact: Jin-Tung Liang, M.D., Ph.D. 886-2-23562068 jintung@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw

Locations
Taiwan
Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, No.7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, TAIWAN, R.O.C. Recruiting
Taipei, Taiwan, 100
Contact: Jin-Tung Liang, M.D., Ph.D.    886-2-23562068    jintung@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Taiwan University Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jin-Tung Liang, M.D., Ph.D. Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, No.7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei, TAIWAN, R.O.C.
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00172757     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9361701298
Study First Received: September 12, 2005
Last Updated: November 25, 2005
Health Authority: Taiwan: Department of Health

Keywords provided by National Taiwan University Hospital:
MSI, TS, Colorectal Cancer, DM.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Diabetes Mellitus
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014