Prazosin Alcohol Dependence IVR Study
This double-blind placebo controlled pilot trial will test the hypothesis that prazosin, an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, reduced alcohol consumption and alcohol craving in alcohol dependent individuals without Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The intervention period is six weeks.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial of Prazosin for the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence|
- Number of days drinking during the six week intervention [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Number of drinks per drinking day consumed [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Daily craving intensity over the six week intervention [ Time Frame: six weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Placebo Comparator: 2||
Pharmacological treatment: In order to prevent the possible side effect of first-dose hypotension, all participants will receive only 1mg of study medication or placebo nightly for the first two days of study participation. Titration will proceed according to the following schedule:
Prazosin Dosing: 9 AM 3 PM 9 PM Days 1-2 1 mg (one capsule) Days 3-4 1 mg 1 mg 1 mg Days 5-7 2 mg 2 mg 2 mg Day 8-10 2 mg 2 mg 6 mg Day 11-14 4 mg 4 mg 6 mg Day 15-42 4 mg 4 mg 8 mg
The objective of the project is to determine whether prazosin, an alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonist, decreases alcohol consumption and/or the subjective experience of alcohol craving in individuals without post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who are seeking treatment for alcohol dependence.
The study hypotheses are: (1) Subjects treated with prazosin will report fewer drinking days and fewer drinks per drinking day than subjects treated with placebo, (2) subjects treated with prazosin will report decreased craving for alcohol as compared to subjects in the placebo condition, and (3) prazosin will be well-tolerated at the proposed dosage by subjects in the prazosin condition compared to subjects in the placebo condition.
This project is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of prazosin in subjects who are dependent on alcohol and have used alcohol within the last 30 days prior to randomization. The treatment phase will last 6 weeks and will include 40 subjects; 20 randomized to each experimental condition (prazosin and placebo). Participants in both the groups will be provided the same behavioral treatment for alcohol dependence throughout the course of the study. Participants in both groups will also use daily Interactive Voice Response (IVR) symptom monitoring technology to track daily fluctuations in alcohol use and craving, as well as medication compliance.
The study will be conducted at the Addiction Treatment Center (ATC) at VAPSHCS, Seattle division.
Participants will include 40 alcohol-dependent adults presenting for chemical dependency treatment at the VA Puget Sound Health Care System (VAPSHCS) Addiction Treatment Center as well as subjects recruited from the general public via advertisements in local weekly newspapers.
Study Procedures: Once potential study participants have undergone an initial screen to insure basic eligibility they will provide informed consent and will undergo a 2-hour baseline assessment that will include completing a diagnostic interview, paper-and-pencil packet of measures, and providing urine and blood specimens. After completion of these assessments, a final determination will be made within three business days as to whether the potential participant meets inclusion but not exclusion criteria. Eligible participants will then be randomized to one of the two treatment groups. The participants will be prompted three times each day by text messaging pages reminding them to take their study medications.
The behavioral treatment to be used in this study is the Medication Management protocol adapted from the procedure used in Project COMBINE. A clinical rescue strategy will be in place such that any participants who evidence severe clinical deterioration including consuming more than 140 standard equivalent drinks in any 7 day period will be removed from the protocol and offered inpatient treatment at VA PSHCS.
During the first two weeks of the study, participants will have twice-weekly orthostatic vital sign and adverse events monitoring by the study nurse or physician, then weekly thereafter. All serious or unexpected adverse events will be reported to the FDA and UW Human Subjects Committee in accordance with requirements. When participants have completed their medication treatment at 6 weeks post-randomization, they will repeat all the baseline measures and laboratory tests (urine and blood samples will be requested) except for the PCL and the California Verbal Learning Test.
|United States, Washington|
|VA Puget Sound Health Care System|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98108|
|Principal Investigator:||Tracy Simpson, PhD||VA Puget Sound Health Care System|
|Principal Investigator:||Andrew Saxon, MD||VA Puget Sound Health Care System|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles Meredith, MD||VA Puget Sound Health Care System|