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Cognitive/Cerebrovascular Consequences of HTN Treatment

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
University of Pittsburgh
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00151138
First received: September 6, 2005
Last updated: December 13, 2007
Last verified: December 2007
  Purpose

Randomized trial of two antihypertensive drugs of known efficacy to investigate whether one has more favorable effects on brain blood flow and cognitive function.


Condition Intervention
Hypertension
Drug: Atenolol (drug), Lisinopril (drug)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cognitive and Cerebrovascular Sequelae of Hypertension

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Cerebral blood flow in response to working memory task

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Neuropsychological function

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: September 2002
Study Completion Date: May 2007
Detailed Description:

The project examines the neuropsychological status, peripheral blood flow, and structural cortical (magnetic resonance imaging, MRI) and functional cortical blood flow (quantitative positron emission tomography, PET) status of previously unmedicated hypertensives. These individuals are then medicated for one year with one of two effective blood pressure medications. Our hypothesis is that the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, but not the beta-blocker will normalize cerebral blood flow and possibly, cognitive function. This hypothesis is tested by a repetition of our initial examinations at the completion of one year of treatment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   35 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All subjects will be between 35 and 65 years of age, and must have a diastolic BP between 90 and 109 mm Hg, systolic BP between 140 and 179 mm Hg, or both. Eligibility will be based upon readings taken at two screening visits. For resting BP determinations, eating, smoking, drinking and heavy physical activity will be proscribed for 1 hour prior, and drinking caffeinated beverages 2 hours prior. Systolic and diastolic (5th phase) BP will be determined twice separated by 2 minutes using a 2-3 mm Hg/sec deflation rate. Before readings, a 60 s resting pulse will be obtained. Two readings over two such sessions will be averaged. All measurements will be obtained by individuals certified in BP measurement by the Department of Epidemiology of the Graduate School of Public Health.

Potential subjects must have either no prior pharmacologic treatment for hypertension or minimal lifetime exposure. The latter is defined as no more than 6 months of blood pressure medication within the past 5 years. No blood pressure medication taken at all in the 6 months preceding study enrollment. To establish medical eligibility and to screen for secondary causes of hypertension, subjects will provide a medical history and have their standard blood chemistry determined to screen for occult renal failure and primary hyperaldosteronism. All women will be postmenopausal or tested (urine specimen) to ensure the absence of pregnancy. To ensure their ability to complete the behavioral assessments, subjects must have at least an 8th grade education and immigrants must have spoken English as their primary language for at least five years.

Exclusion Criteria. Exclusion criteria will include current use of any cardiovascular or psychotropic medications, or contraindication for use of an ACE inhibitor or beta blocker (e.g., prior adverse reaction or chronic obstructive lung disease, including asthma). Individuals with a resting blood pressure greater than a SBP >180 mmHg and /or a DBP >110 are excluded as are individuals with a prior serious adverse reaction or allergy to beta blockers or angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors. We will exclude individuals with target organ damage (history of myocardial infarction, angioplasty, bypass surgery, congestive heart failure, stroke, or carotid endarterectomy), angina pectoris (determined by Rose questionnaire), a history of insulin-dependent diabetes, or chronic renal insufficiency (serum creatinine > 1.8 mg/dl). Secondary hypertension, based upon known or clinically suspected renal artery stenosis, primary hyperaldosteronism, untreated thyroid disorder, heavy alcohol consumption (24 or more standard drinks per week), consistent use of illegal drugs (for example, crack/cocaine used once or more a month) or pheochromocytoma, will be grounds for exclusion. A standard of no more than 30 g per day (Klatsky, 2003) seems to have some acceptance for the level of alcohol intake that will not chronically alter blood pressure levels. Therefore, no more than a case of beer per week, 21 (5 oz.) glasses of wine, or 21 shots (1.5 oz.) of hard liquor will be acceptable. Exclusion criteria also include neurological disorders (serious head injury, seizures, presenile or alcoholic dementia, Parkinson's disease, or multiple sclerosis). Due to the MRI examination required, individuals not fitting into the bore of the magnet will be excluded. Those with known sensitivity to sulfa-containing antibiotics will be included in the study but will not undergo the acetazolamide portion of the PET scanning sessions: acetazolamide is a sulfonamide analog. Women with child-bearing potential (i.e., pre- or peri-menopausal) will be tested within 48 hours prior to the PET examination to ensure the absence of pregnancy. A urinary pregnancy test (e.g., Sure-Vue Urine hCG) will be administered to confirm the absence of pregnancy.

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00151138

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Dept of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
Investigators
Principal Investigator: J. Richard Jennings, PhD University of Pittsburgh, Dept of Psychiatry
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00151138     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HyperPetII, R01 HL57529
Study First Received: September 6, 2005
Last Updated: December 13, 2007
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
cerebral blood flow, positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, neuropsychology

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014