Sildenafil and Pulmonary Artery Pressure
The purpose of the study is to see if the administration of sildenafil (Viagra) in patients with portopulmonary hypertension could be a safe and effective treatment.
Portopulmonary hypertension (PTPH) is a special type of pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries that carry unoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs. Pulmonary hypertension results from constriction, or tightening, of the blood vessels that supply blood to the lungs. Consequently, it becomes difficult for blood to pass through the lungs, making it harder for the heart to pump blood forward. This stress on the heart leads to enlargement of the heart and eventually fluid can build up in the liver and tissues, such as in the legs. Affected patients can sometimes notice increasing shortness of breath and dizziness.
There is a growing body of evidence suggesting a potential therapeutic role for this sildenafil in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. Studies are ongoing regarding this area.
Our hypothesis is that chronic oral sildenafil will successfully reduce pulmonary artery pressures by at least 25% (reduction in mean pulmonary artery pressure) and could be an effective treatment for PTPH, especially in candidates for liver transplantation
Primary Hypothesis To measure the effects of a single dose of sildenafil on pulmonary arterial pressure in patients with PTPH
Secondary Hypothesis To measure the effects of chronic (3 month) treatment with sildenafil on pulmonary arterial pressure, safety, and tolerability in patients with PTPH
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of the Effect of Chronic Administration of Sildenafil on Pulmonary Artery Pressure in Patients With Portopulmonary Hypertension|
- Outcome measurement will consist of comparing baseline to treatment hemodynamics both after a single dose and chronic therapy in terms of absolute response as well as the presence of a "significant response" defined as at least a 25% reduction in mean
|Study Start Date:||September 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
This is a single center (only takes place at University of Chicago), open-label (doctor and subject know that the subject is taking the experimental drut), pilot study to evaluate the effects of sildenafil on pulmonary artery pressures in patients with portopulmonary hypertension.
Patients who are diagnosed with PTPH after having routine care right heart catheterization will be asked if they are interested in participating. Approximately ten subjects will be enrolled. Subjects will undergo the following experimental procedures as part of their participation in this study: blood laboratory tests, medical history, physical exam, inhaled nitric oxide test, study drug (sildenafil) administration, and a pill count.
Sildenafil will be given to these patients 3 times a day for a 12 week period to see if the study drug can lower their pulmonary artery pressures by at least 25%.
|United States, Illinois|
|University of Chicago|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637|
|Principal Investigator:||Allen Anderson, MD||University of Chicago|