Comparison of Gemcitabine v. Gemcitabine Plus Docetaxel in Unresectable Soft Tissue Sarcoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Connective Tissue Oncology Society
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Massachusetts General Hospital
Mayo Clinic
University of Michigan Cancer Center
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00142571
First received: August 31, 2005
Last updated: October 1, 2007
Last verified: October 2007
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to compare the drug gemcitabine to two drugs, gemcitabine and docetaxel, to find out which treatment is better for people with sarcomas.


Condition Intervention Phase
Sarcoma, Soft Tissue
Drug: Gemcitabine
Drug: Docetaxel
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Ph III Random Trial of 120-Min Infusion Gemcitabine v. 90-Min Infusion Gemcitabine + Docetaxel in Unresectable Soft Tissue Sarcoma: A Multi-Disciplinary Trial of the North Amer. Sarcoma Study Group of the Connective Tissue Oncology Society

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine whether the failure rate (defined as progression or death) among patients with unresectable soft tissue sarcoma is improved with gemcitabine plus docetaxel compared with gemcitabine alone

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine whether the failure rate (defined as progression or death) at 3 and 6 months is improved among patients with unresectable soft tissue sarcoma treated with gemcitabine plus docetaxel compared with those treated with gemcitabine alone.
  • Overall survival will be evaluated
  • Response rate will be evaluated
  • Toxicity will be evaluated

Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: January 2003
Study Completion Date: September 2007
Detailed Description:

This research is being done because better treatments for sarcomas are needed. This is a phase III study. This means that one treatment is being compared to another to find out which is better. We are comparing the drug gemcitabine to the two drugs gemcitabine and docetaxel to find out which treatment is better for people who have sarcomas. From previous studies we know that gemcitabine causes shrinking of some people's sarcoma tumors. We also know that gemcitabine and docetaxel are useful for sarcomas as well, but we believe the two drugs together may be more toxic than the single drug alone. In this study we are trying to answer the question: "Is the combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel any better than just gemcitabine alone?"

This is a randomized Phase III trial comparing two treatment regimens in patients with unresectable soft tissue sarcoma. The failure rates observed on both treatment arms (failure defined as progression or death) will be compared to determine which regimen results in the lowest failure rate (Primary objective). As a secondary endpoint, the percentage of patients who are failure-free (failure defined as progression or death) at 3 months and 6 months will be compared between the two arms (Secondary objective).

This trial, sponsored by the North American Sarcoma Study Group of the Connective Tissue Oncology Society, is being done at a number of hospitals around the country and is expected to enroll up to 120 patients.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically proven soft tissue sarcoma (except the following histologies: gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), Kaposi's Sarcoma, mesotheliomas
  • Age >= 10 years
  • Recurrent or progressive disease defined as an increase in size of any existing tumor mass, or the development of new tumor mass or masses, which is not amenable to definitive surgical therapy.
  • Patients may have had another cancer but there must be convincing clinical evidence that the sarcoma is the disease requiring therapeutic intervention. (ie. Several sarcoma patients have had had a prior cancer (Hodgkin's disease or breast cancer) treated years previously and then developed a clinically active sarcoma.)
  • Patients may have failed no more than 3 prior chemotherapy regimens.
  • Measurable disease as defined by RECIST. Measurable disease is the presence of at least one measurable lesion. If the measurable disease is restricted to a solitary lesion, its neoplastic nature should be confirmed by cytology/histology. A measurable lesion is one that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension with longest diameter >20 mm using conventional techniques or >10 mm with spiral CT scan.
  • Karnofsky performance status of greater than or equal to 60%
  • Peripheral neuropathy, if present, must be < or = to grade 1
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (10 days if the patient was on imatinib, thalidomide, or an interferon)
  • At least 3 weeks since prior radiation therapy
  • Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mm3
  • Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dl
  • Platelet count > 100,000/mm3
  • Total Bilirubin < upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • ALT (SGOT) or AST (SGPT) <5 x ULN.
  • Alkaline Phosphatase < 2.5 x ULN.
  • Serum creatinine < or equal to 2.0 mg/dL
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test
  • Men and women of child-bearing potential must be willing to consent to using effective contraception while on treatment and for a reasonable period thereafter (approximately 3 months)
  • If the patient is 18 or older, the patient must be capable of providing written, informed consent. If the patient is younger than 18, written and voluntary informed consent from patient's parents or legal guardians and the patient's assent are required.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Soft tissue sarcomas with the following histologies: gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), Kaposi's sarcoma, mesotheliomas
  • Active or uncontrolled infection (on antibiotic therapy for acute or chronic infection)
  • Prior treatment with gemcitabine or docetaxel
  • Peripheral neuropathy > or = grade 2
  • History of known hypersensitivity reaction to agents formulated in polysorbate 80, the solubilizing agent for docetaxel [e.g. interferon alpha-2a, children's ibuprofen suspension (Advil), terconazole (Terazol), lamivudine (Epivir), etoposide, amiodarone, vaccines (DtaP, influenza), bupropion (Wellbutrin), Vitamins B12, C+zinc+selenium].
  • Uncontrolled, central nervous system metastases
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00142571

Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Connective Tissue Oncology Society
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Massachusetts General Hospital
Mayo Clinic
University of Michigan Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert Maki, MD, PhD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00142571     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 02-129
Study First Received: August 31, 2005
Last Updated: October 1, 2007
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center:
Sarcoma, Soft Tissue
Gemcitabine
Docetaxel

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gemcitabine
Docetaxel
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 01, 2014