Nicotine and Cotinine Levels in Smokers With Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder - 2
Nicotine dependence is very common among individuals with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Cotinine is a chemical that is made by the body from nicotine. Measuring levels of nicotine and cotinine is an accurate way to determine how much cigarette smoke enters a person's body. The purpose of this study is to measure nicotine and cotinine levels in smokers with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder to determine if such individuals absorb more nicotine per cigarette than smokers without schizophrenia-related disorders.
Schizophrenia and Disorders With Psychotic Features
Tobacco Use Disorder
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Nicotine and Cotinine Levels in Smokers With Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder|
|Study Start Date:||October 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2004|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Schizophrenic individuals have higher urinary cotinine levels compared to non-schizophrenic individuals with a similar smoking history. This suggests that schizophrenic individuals may absorb higher doses of nicotine. The purpose of this study is to determine whether smokers with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder have higher serum nicotine and cotinine levels in comparison to smokers without schizophrenic-related disorders.
This observational, case-control study will enroll 150 participants, of which 100 will be smokers with schizophrenic-related disorders and 50 will be smokers without a mental illness. Upon completing baseline assessments, participants will smoke a single cigarette. Approximately two minutes following, 3 to 4 ounces of blood will be analyzed for nicotine and cotinine levels. An expired carbon monoxide reading will also be measured. This measurement correlates with the amount of smoke inhalation. Individual participant studies will be completed in 1 to 2 hour-long sessions.
|United States, New Jersey|
|UMDNJ - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School|
|Piscataway, New Jersey, United States, 08854|
|Principal Investigator:||Jill M. Williams, M.D.||University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey|