A Study of Docetaxel Plus Carboplatin in Patients With Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer
The purpose of this study is to look at the effects (good and bad) of the combination of docetaxel and carboplatin for patients who have progressive prostate cancer after chemotherapy with drugs such as docetaxel. The investigators are also studying whether the measurement of two proteins in the blood may predict who will respond to the combination of docetaxel and carboplatin.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II Study of Docetaxel Plus Carboplatin in Hormone Refractory Prostate Cancer Patients Refractory to Prior Docetaxel-based Chemotherapy|
- The primary objective is to determine the efficacy and safety of docetaxel plus carboplatin as salvage chemotherapy in patients with hormone refractory prostate cancer who have progressed on prior docetaxel-based chemotherapy. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- The secondary objective is to correlate the clinical and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response with baseline serum chromogranin A (CGA) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients will receive both carboplatin and docetaxel. This treatment is given in the outpatient department once every 3 weeks (called one cycle).
One day prior to the day of chemotherapy, patients are given a steroid drug (dexamethasone) to be taken twice a day for 3 days. This helps to decrease the risk of an allergic reaction.
On the day of chemotherapy, both docetaxel and carboplatin will be given through a vein over two to three hours. Docetaxel will be given before carboplatin. In addition, patients receive zofran, an anti-vomiting agent, to try to prevent nausea and vomiting. Study participants are also given a prescription for anti-nausea pills to take at home.
After each cycle of treatment, patients are required to get their bloods checked (between days 8-12 of the cycle). This may be done at an outside laboratory closer to the patient's home.
Treatment will be repeated every three weeks provided the blood tests and physical examination done prior to each treatment are acceptable. If a patient is not able to receive the next scheduled dose of chemotherapy, the doctor will delay the treatment for a week to a maximum of two weeks, beyond which, the patient will be taken off the trial. If there is a delay of more than one week or the study participant has significant side effects, their doctor will decrease the dose of the carboplatin and docetaxel. During the treatment period, doctors may also prescribe medications to treat low red blood cells or low white blood cells.
Before each cycle (every 3 weeks), there will be routine blood tests drawn (about 3 teaspoons) to monitor bone marrow, liver, and kidney functions. These samples will look at two proteins in the blood and may help us predict who will respond to docetaxel and carboplatin. We will also obtain CT scans after every 3 cycles of treatment and at the end of the study. A bone scan will also be done after every 3 cycles if there was evidence of bone involvement on the first bone scan. A bone scan may also be ordered during the study in patients without prior evidence of bone involvement if the doctor suspects that the cancer has now spread to the bone.
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215|
|Lowell General Hospital|
|Lowell, Massachusetts, United States, 01854|
|United States, New Hampshire|
|Wentworth Douglass Hospital|
|Dover, New Hampshire, United States, 03820|
|United States, Oregon|
|Oregon Health and Science University|
|Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239|
|Principal Investigator:||Mary-Ellen Taplin, MD||Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|