A Trial of Isoniazid for the Reversion of Interferon Gamma ELISPOT in Tuberculosis (TB) Case Contacts (IRS)
There are new TB vaccines already developed that need to be tried in humans to assess their efficacy.
The researchers had previously shown that production of interferon gamma by T cells in response to TB antigens is a more specific marker of TB infection.
The researchers hypothesize that this can be used as a reliable early marker of TB vaccine efficacy. The researchers expect to show a significantly increased reversion of this test in household contacts of TB patients given Isoniazid prophylaxis treatment for 6 months.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Double Blind Placebo-controlled Randomized Trial of Isoniazid for the Reversion of a Positive IFNg ELISPOT in TB Case Contacts|
- Qualitative IFN-g ELISPOT reversion [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Quantitative IFN-g ELISPOT reversion [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: A
Isoniazid 900mg, tablets, twice a week for 6 monthsDrug: Isoniazid
INH 900mg twice weekly for 6 months
Placebo Comparator: B
Placebo of Isoniazid tablet 300mg
Drug: Placebo of Isoniazid tablets 300mg
Isoniazid BP 0mg twice weekly for 6 months
Current efforts to control the spread of tuberculosis are failing. An increasingly large number of new generation vaccines are being produced and a plan for assessing their ability to prevent disease and treat infection needs to be developed.
The MRC Labs in The Gambia is well positioned to conduct safety and immunogenicity studies and also to conduct trials of the therapeutic effect of these vaccines in preventing disease in case contacts who are infected.
This study is part one of a three-step plan to develop a reliable early surrogate marker of the therapeutic efficacy of new TB vaccines.
The three-step plan is as follows:
- Evaluate the ability of isoniazid, known to be effective in the treatment of MTB infection, to revert the antigen-specific IFNg-ELISPOT in ESAT-6 and/or CFP-10 positive contacts of TB patients.
- Compare the ability of different combinations of a TB vaccine and isoniazid to revert the ELISPOT in a 4-arm randomised trial using:1) isoniazid alone, 2) a TB vaccine alone, 3) a combination of isoniazid and TB vaccine, and 4) placebo
- Compare, in a randomized trial, the ability of TB vaccine or vaccine plus isoniazid versus isoniazid alone to prevent the development of secondary disease.
For this first step the researchers will test the following hypothesis:
- Those receiving isoniazid have a significantly higher reversion rate of MTB-specific responses as measured with IFNg-ELISPOT assays compared to those who receive a placebo.
|Banjul, Ksmd, Gambia, Po Box 273 Banjul|
|Principal Investigator:||Philip C Hill, MPH FRACP||MRC Laboratories, Gambia|
|Principal Investigator:||Roger H Brookes, PhD||MRC laboratories, Gambia|
|Study Chair:||Richard A Adegbola, PhD FRCPath||MRC laboratories, Gambia|