Study of Individuals With Parkinson's Symptoms But in Whom There is Diagnostic Uncertainty
The overall goal of this study is to evaluate the use of dopamine transporter (DAT) imaging as a diagnostic tool in subjects with early parkinsonian symptoms, in whom Parkinson's disease (PD) or parkinsonian syndrome (PS) is suspected, but the diagnosis remains unclear from a clinical standpoint.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Development of a Imaging Marker for Parkinson's Disease Through Use of Dynamic SPECT Imaging With [123I] Beta-CIT in Individuals With Parkinson's Symptoms|
- Comparison of the imaging diagnosis, based on visual analysis and quantitative analysis, to the clinical diagnosis of the investigator blinded to the imaging results [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Comparison of the DAT imaging diagnosis, initial diagnosis by the movement disorder experts and referral neurologist diagnosis to the 'gold standard' diagnosis [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: [123I]ß CIT and SPECT imaging
To assess [123I]ß CIT and SPECT imaging
Drug: [123I]ß CIT and SPECT imaging
Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography
SPECT imaging uses the single photon emissions from radioactive compounds that are (most commonly) injected into a patient and are metabolized by specific organs or body systems. SPECT imaging is performed by using a gamma camera to acquire multiple 2-D images (also called projections), from multiple angles. A computer is then used to apply a tomographic reconstruction algorithm to the multiple projections, yielding a 3-D dataset. This dataset may then be manipulated to show thin slices along any chosen axis of the body, similar to those obtained from other tomographic techniques, such as MRI, CT, and PET. The resulting SPECT images reflect body/organ function as opposed to specific anatomy of other imaging modalities such as CT or MRI.
- Subjects will be referred to the Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders (IND) by practicing general neurologists with genuine uncertainty regarding the subject's diagnosis.
- Subjects with suspected PD or PS will be evaluated clinically and with DAT imaging, using b-CIT and SPECT. The DAT imaging procedure will take place over two days:
- On the first day participants are injected with [123I]ß CIT, an investigational radioactive material that localizes in the brain. Study participants will also have a thorough neurologic examination and standard neuropsychological testing, including testing of memory, concentration, abstraction and visual spatial functions.
- Twenty-four hours later study participants return to the Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders where an investigational scanning procedure will be used to obtain SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography) images of the brain.
- Subjects will be asked to return within 3 months following the imaging study to have a repeat neurological examination by the two study neurologists at IND.
- Subjects will be asked to return at about 6 months and possibly again at one year following the imaging study for a final clinical evaluation by one of the study neurologists at IND.
|United States, Connecticut|
|Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders|
|New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510|
|Principal Investigator:||Danna L Jennings, MD||Institute for Neurodegenerative Disorders|