A Pilot Study Comparing the Efficacy of Group Versus Individual Anger Management in Subjects With IED

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00127400
First received: August 3, 2005
Last updated: September 4, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to see how different forms of "Anger Management" compare in reducing anger and impulsive aggressive symptoms in people. "Anger Management" is a common form of "talk therapy" used to help people with anger problems. There are different types of "talk therapy" used to help people for anger problems and this study will compare two types of talk therapy in people with Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED). IED is a disorder in which there are frequent and sudden outbursts of anger (yelling, throwing and breaking things, hitting people) that lead to problems with other people socially or at work.


Condition Intervention Phase
Anger
Intermittent Explosive Disorder
Behavioral: anger management therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study Comparing the Efficacy of Group Versus Individual Anger Management in Subjects With Intermittent Explosive Disorder

Further study details as provided by University of Chicago:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Aggression interview (Overt Aggression Scale-Modified
  • [OASM]) at midpoint 1 week post-treatment, 3-month follow-up and 6-month follow-up
  • State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAXI) questionnaire at midpoint 1 week post-treatment, 3-month follow-up and 6-month follow-up

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Behavioral aggression measures (Taylor Aggression Paradigm [TAP], Point Subtraction Aggression Paradigm [PSAP]) at 1 week post-treatment

Estimated Enrollment: 72
Study Start Date: February 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2006
Detailed Description:

Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) is increasingly acknowledged as a common, potentially disabling psychiatric condition. Despite this, there are currently no empirically supported behavioral treatments for patients with IED. The purpose of the proposed study is to assess the short-term and long-term efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT), previously found to be successful in treating dysfunctional anger, for treating IED. Secondary goals of the project are to:

  1. explore mechanisms involved in the successful treatment of IED, and
  2. examine individual differences associated with treatment response.

Seventy-two subjects meeting for both research and DSM IED criteria will be randomly assigned to either 12 weeks of individual CBT, 12 weeks of group CBT or 12 weeks of a wait-list control condition. Subjects will be assessed before and after therapy/wait-list as well as at 3 month and 6 month follow-up. Primary outcome measures will assess aggressive behavior, anger, and the presence of an IED diagnosis at post-treatment, 6-month follow-up and 12-month follow-up. Social and emotional information processing will be evaluated as potential mechanism of change. Trait aggression will be assessed as a potential moderating variable.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The subject meets research criteria for a lifetime diagnosis of intermittent explosive disorder (IED).
  • The subject has a Trait Anger Score > 21 on the STAXI (see above).
  • Subject is willing to be randomized to any one of the four conditions.
  • The subject is willing and able to cooperate with study protocol (i.e., keep appointments, complete rating forms, etc.)
  • Subject gives informed consent to participate in study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The subject has any history of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) Axis I bipolar mood disorder, schizophrenia, delusional disorder, organic brain disorder, mental retardation.
  • The subject meets DSM-IV criteria for alcohol or drug dependence within 30 days prior to the start of any of the study conditions.
  • The subject has a Beck Depression Inventory, 2nd Edition (BDI-II) score > 32.
  • The subject has aggressive obsessions in the context of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).
  • Current suicidal behavior or homicidal ideation.
  • The subject is not willing to be randomized to any one of the four conditions.
  • The subject is not willing to cooperate with study protocol (i.e., keep appointments, complete rating forms, etc.).
  • The subject, in the opinion of the principal investigator (PI), is not able or likely to cooperate with study protocol (i.e., keep appointments, complete rating forms, etc.)
  • The subject is already engaged in an anger management program elsewhere.
  • The subject does not give informed consent to participate in study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00127400

Locations
United States, Illinois
The University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael McCloskey, Ph.D. University of Chicago
  More Information

Publications:
Deffenbacher, J. L., Filetti, L. B., Lynch, R. S., Dahlen, E.R., & Oetting, E. R. (2002). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of high anger. Behavioral Research Therapy, 34, 575-590.
Deffenbacher, J. L., & McKay, M. (2000). Overcoming Situational and General Anger: A protocol for the treatment of anger based on relaxation, cognitive restructuring, and coping skills training. New Harbinger Publication: Oakland
Deffenbacher, J. L., McNamara, K., Stark, R. S., & Sabadell, P. M. (1990a). A comparison of cognitive-behavioral and process-oriented group counseling for general anger reduction. Journal of Counseling & Development, 69, 167-69.
Deffenbacher, J. L., McNamara, K., Stark, R. S., & Sabadell, P. M. (1990b). A combination of cognitive, relaxation, and behavioral coping skills in the reduction of general anger. Journal of College Student Development, 31, 351-358.
Deffenbacher, J. L., Oetting, E. R., Huff, M. E., Cornell, G. R., & Dallager, C. J. (1996a). Evaluation of two cognitive-behavioral approaches to general anger reduction. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 20, 551-573.
Deffenbacher, J. L., Oetting, E. R., Huff, M. E., & Thwaites, G. A. (1995). Fifteen-month follow-up of social skills and cognitive-relaxation approaches to general anger reduction. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42, 400-405.
Deffenbacher, J. L., Oetting, E. R.,. Lynch, R. S., & Morris, C. D. (1996b). The expression of anger and its consequences. Behavioral Research Therapy, 34, 575-590.
Deffenbacher, J. L., & Stark, R. S. (1992). Relaxation and cognitive-relaxation treatments of general anger. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39, 158-167.
DiGiuseppe, R. & Tafrate, R. C. (2003). Anger Treatment for Adults: A Meta-Analytic Review. Clinical Psychology Science & Practice, 10, 70-84.

Responsible Party: University of Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00127400     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11487A
Study First Received: August 3, 2005
Last Updated: September 4, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Chicago:
anger
intermittent
explosive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Disease
Impulse Control Disorders
Mental Disorders
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014