RAD001 Plus Octreotide Depot in Metastatic or Unresectable Low Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00113360
First received: June 7, 2005
Last updated: August 1, 2012
Last verified: August 2012
  Purpose

Objectives:

Primary endpoint:

-Assess the clinical activity of RAD 001 plus depot octreotide as defined by progression free survival (PFS) duration defined by RECIST criteria in treated and untreated patients with metastatic, unresectable low grade neuroendocrine carcinoma.

Secondary endpoints:

  • Assess the progression free survival duration of patients with metastatic, unresectable low grade neuroendocrine carcinoma treated with RAD 001 plus depot octreotide.
  • Assess the safety of RAD 001 plus depot octreotide in patients with metastatic, unresectable low grade neuroendocrine carcinoma.
  • To determine the expression/phosphorylation status of the components of the mTOR signaling pathway in the primary tumors, in order to determine whether these markers can be used as predictors of sensitivity to the combination of RAD001 and octreotide.
  • To determine the effect of the combination of RAD001 and octreotide on the expression and phosphorylation of mTOR's targets in the accessible tumor tissue, in order to identify potential pharmacodynamics markers of response to this drug combination.
  • To observe the effects of treatment with RAD001 on plasma angiogenic biomarkers.

Condition Intervention Phase
Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Islet Cell Carcinoma
Drug: RAD001
Drug: Octreotide Depot
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of RAD001 Plus Octreotide Depot in Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Low Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (Carcinoid, Islet Cell)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: PFS assessed every 12 weeks (at the end of every 3 cycles) or more frequently if clinically indicated ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS is measured from date of trial entry until documented progression of disease or death from any cause. PFS is measured by computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed at baseline and after every three cycles.


Enrollment: 67
Study Start Date: January 2005
Study Completion Date: July 2009
Primary Completion Date: July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: RAD001 plus Depot Octreotide
RAD001 at 5 or 10 milligrams orally once a day plus Octreotide Depot 30 milligrams intramuscularly once every 28 days.
Drug: RAD001
Starting dose of 5 or 10 mg by mouth daily.
Other Name: Everolimus
Drug: Octreotide Depot
30 mg injection into the muscle of either buttock once every 28 (±7) days.
Other Names:
  • Sandostatin LAR
  • Octreotide long-acting release (LAR)
  • Octreotide LAR

Detailed Description:

RAD001 is a new drug that is designed to block a protein that is important in the growth of cancer cells. Octreotide Depot is FDA approved for the treatment of carcinoid syndrome and hormonal symptoms from certain islet cell carcinomas. Octreotide Depot may also help to block certain proteins that are important in tumor growth.

Before you can start treatment on the study, you will have what are called "screening tests". These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in the study. You will be asked questions about your medical history and about any medications you are currently taking or have taken in the past. You will have a complete physical exam and your heart rate, temperature, breathing rate, blood pressure, height, and weight will be measured. You will be asked about your ability to perform every day activities. Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be collected for routine tests. You will have an electrocardiogram (ECG - a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart) and scans (either Computed Tomography/CT or Magnetic Resonance Imaging/MRI) to evaluate the cancer. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood pregnancy test.

If the screening evaluations show you are eligible to take part in the study, you may begin treatment. You will take RAD001 by mouth once a day, every day while on study. You should take it in a fasting state or after no more than a light, fat-free meal. You should take RAD001 about the same time each day. Octreotide Depot will be given as an injection into the muscle of either buttock once every 4 weeks while on study. This will be done at M. D. Anderson. Four weeks (28 days) is called one course of treatment.

Clinic visits will occur every 2 weeks during the first 4 weeks and every 4 weeks from then on. At each clinic visit, you will be asked questions about your medical history and about any medications you are currently taking or have taken in the past. You will have a complete physical exam and your heart rate, temperature, breathing rate, blood pressure, height, and weight will be measured. You will be asked about your ability to perform every day activities. Blood samples (about 1 teaspoons) for routine tests will be collected every 2 weeks for the first 8 weeks. After that, blood samples (about 2 teaspoons) will be collected every 4 weeks. CT or MRI scan(s) will be performed every 12 weeks.

If a sample of your tumor tissue that was removed previously is available, it will be analyzed for expression of proteins that may effect tumor growth. However, if a sample is not available, you will not be asked to undergo a biopsy to collect this tissue. This sample may analyzed at any time during the study.

If you experience severe side effects, treatment may be delayed, stopped, or you may receive smaller doses of RAD001 and/or Octreotide Depot. You may continue to receive up to at least 12 courses of study treatment unless the disease gets worse, you decide not to take part any longer, or your doctor decides it is in your best interest to stop treatment. It may be possible to continue treatment beyond 12 courses if you are benefitting from this treatment.

When you stop study treatment, you will be asked to have some tests and evaluations done. About 4 teaspoons of blood will be taken for routine lab tests, You will also have a physical exam and CT scan or MRI scan will be done to check the size and location of your disease.

This is an investigational study. RAD001 is investigational and is not commercially available. The drug combination in this study is also investigational. RAD001 is manufactured by Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation. About 60 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with histologic proof of low grade neuroendocrine carcinoma will be eligible. Both carcinoid (any site[atypical/intermediate grade carcinoid is allowed]) and islet cell (pancreatic endocrine tumor) will be eligible.
  • Patients with neuroendocrine tumors associated with MEN1 syndrome will be eligible.
  • Patients must have either metastatic or unresectable local-regional cancer.
  • Patients must have measurable disease, as defined by RECIST (Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors).
  • Prior and concurrent octreotide (Sandostatin and Sandostatin LAR) is allowed.
  • Prior radiation therapy is permitted. A recovery period of at least 4 weeks after completion of radiotherapy is required prior to enrollment.
  • Patients may have received 0, 1, or 2 prior cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy used as a radiosensitizer will be considered one prior chemotherapy regimen.
  • Patients may have received prior interferon (not counted toward prior cytotoxic chemotherapy).
  • Patients may have received prior therapy targeting c-kit, abl, PDGFR (Platelet Derived Growth Factor Receptor), VEGF (Vascular endothelial growth factor), or EGFR [epidermal growth factor receptor] (not counted toward prior cytotoxic chemotherapy).
  • Patients may have had prior hepatic artery embolization. There must be residual measurable disease. Chemoembolization will be considered as one prior chemotherapy regimen.
  • Patients must have a performance status of 0, 1, or 2 (Zubrod scale).
  • Patients must be >/= 18 years old (age limit due to lack of adequate safety data in younger patients).
  • Patients must give written informed consent.
  • Patients should have adequate organ function defined as follows: Absolute granulocytes > 1,500/mm3, hemoglobin > 8 g/dl, and platelets > 100,000/mm3. Serum bilirubin < 1.5 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN), serum creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL, AST (SGOT) less/equal 2.5 x ULN, ALT (SGPT) less/equal 2.5 x ULN.
  • Patients must have recovered from recent surgery. One week must have elapsed from the time of a minor surgery and 4 weeks from major surgery.
  • Fertile patients, both male and female, must practice contraception during treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients may receive no other concurrent chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy.
  • Patients with intolerance to octreotide.
  • Patients who have received chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or investigational therapy in the 30 days prior to registration.
  • Patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as defined by fasting blood sugar > 1.5 x ULN.
  • Pregnant or lactating women. All women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to entry into the study. All patients of child-bearing potential must be advised of the importance of avoiding pregnancy and using appropriate methods of contraception while participating in this investigational trial. Women who have had menses within the past 2 years, who have not had a tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy are considered to be of child-bearing potential. Appropriate methods of contraception include hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence.
  • Serious intercurrent infections, or nonmalignant medical illnesses that are uncontrolled or whose control may be jeopardized by the complications of this therapy.
  • Psychiatric disorders rendering them incapable of complying with the requirements of the protocol.
  • Osseous metastasis as only site of disease.
  • Any concurrent active malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancers or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix. Patients with previous malignancies but without evidence of disease for > 5 years will be allowed to enter the trial.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00113360

Locations
United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James Yao, M.D. M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00113360     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2004-0597
Study First Received: June 7, 2005
Results First Received: August 12, 2009
Last Updated: August 1, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Low Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma
Neuroendocrine Carcinoid
Islet Cell Carcinoma
RAD001
Everolimus
Octreotide Depot
Sandostatin LAR
Octreotide long-acting release (LAR)
Octreotide LAR

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Islet Cell
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Sirolimus
Everolimus
Octreotide
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antifungal Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014