Low-Dose Decitabine in Myelodysplastic Syndrome Post Azacytidine Failure
To study if decitabine can help to control Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) in patients who have failed on therapy with azacytidine, the current standard of therapy.
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase II Study of Low-Dose Decitabine (5-AZA-2'-Deoxycytidine) in Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Post Azacytidine (AZA) Failure|
- Overall Response [ Time Frame: Blood tests baseline and after completing 8-12 weeks of therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants with Overall Response, categorized as 'Complete Response' to represent remission or 'No Complete Response' for lack of remission. Response evaluation after completing one course of therapy (8-12 weeks), then bone marrow aspiration to document remission every 1-3 courses.
|Study Start Date:||March 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
20 mg/m2 by vein (IV) over 1 hour daily x 5 days.
20 mg/m2 IV over 1 hour daily x 5 days.
Other Name: Dacogen®
Methylation is a change that occurs to Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that affects gene usage in human cells. Abnormal methylation is very common in leukemias, which is a related disease to MDS. Decitabine is a new drug that blocks DNA methylation. Researchers want to find out if blocking methylation will help control MDS.
Before you can start treatment on this study, you will have what are called "screening tests". These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in the study. You will have a physical exam, routine blood tests (between 4-6 tablespoons), and a bone marrow aspirate. To collect a bone marrow aspirate, an area of the hip or chest bone is numbed with anesthetic and a small amount of bone marrow is withdrawn through a large needle. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood or urine pregnancy test.
If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will receive decitabine by vein over one hour, once a day, for 5 days (1 course). If this is not possible due to complications, you will receive the drug as an injection under the skin twice a day for 5 days (1 course). Treatment will be given every 4 to 8 weeks depending on how well your blood counts recover.
After completing 8-12 weeks of therapy, response will be evaluated. If the response to treatment is good, treatment with decitabine will continue. Decitabine treatment may be continued for up to 12 courses, or as long as it is judged best to control the leukemia.
During this study, you will need to visit your doctor periodically for physical exams and measurement of vital signs. The frequency of doctor visits will vary depending on your physical condition, but will be required at least once a month.
Blood tests (about 2 teaspoons) will be done about every week during the first 6-8 weeks of treatment, then every 1 to 2 weeks for the length of the study. The blood samples will be used for routine lab tests. Every 1-3 courses, bone marrow samples will also be taken to check cells related to the disease before, during (every 1-3 courses), and after completion of this study.
You will be taken off study if the disease gets worse or intolerable side effects occur.
This is an investigational study. Decitabine is not yet Food and Drug Administration (FDA)approved. It will be provided free of charge by MGI Pharma. Up to 40 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.
|United States, Texas|
|UT MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Hagop Kantarjian, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|