Biological Effects of Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in the Elderly
The purpose of the study is to examine whether DHEA replacement therapy is associated with beneficial changes in body composition (i.e., increases in lean mass and bone mass, and decreases in fat mass).
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Biological Effects of DHEA in the Elderly|
- bone mineral density
- body composition
- blood lipids/lipoproteins
- glucose tolerance
- arterial compliance
- visceral adiposity
- quality of life
- sex steroids and growth factors
- sexual health
- cognitive function
|Study Start Date:||August 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2005|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The central hypothesis of this study is that restoring circulating levels of the adrenal hormone dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in older people with low levels to more youthful levels will be associated with beneficial changes in lean mass, fat mass and bone mass.
This will be a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study. Seventy-two men and 72 women, over 60 years old, who are healthy, will be randomized to receive either a replacement dose of DHEA or placebo for 1 year. The replacement dose of DHEA will bring circulating DHEA sulfate (DHEAS) levels into the range of normal in healthy 20-30 year-old women (approximately 8 micromoles per liter [μM] or 295 micrograms per deciliter [µg/dL]) and men (approximately 10 micromoles per liter [μM] or 368 micrograms per deciliter [µg/dL]).
Fat mass and fat-free body mass will be evaluated by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and intra-abdominal fat volume and thigh muscle area will be measured by computed tomography (CT). Bone mineral density (BMD) of the total body, lumbar spine, and proximal femur will be measured by DXA and biochemical markers of bone resorption and formation. Glucose tolerance and insulin response will be evaluated using an oral glucose tolerance test.
If this study confirms the results of a previous preliminary study, the current study is likely to impact future scientific study regarding the role of DHEA deficiency in the biology of aging and its role as a therapeutic agent for the prevention of sarcopenia.
|United States, Colorado|
|University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center|
|Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262|
|Principal Investigator:||Wendy M. Kohrt, PhD||University of Colorado, Denver|