Trial record 5 of 39 for:    "Microscopic polyangiitis"

Rituximab for the Treatment of Wegener's Granulomatosis and Microscopic Polyangiitis (RAVE)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Genentech
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00104299
First received: February 24, 2005
Last updated: October 17, 2013
Last verified: October 2013
  Purpose

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is the most common type of small blood vessel inflammation in adults. ANCA-associated vasculitis includes Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). Rituximab is a man-made antibody used to treat certain types of cancer. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of rituximab in treating patients with WG and MPA.

Study hypothesis: Rituximab is not inferior to conventional therapy in its ability to induce disease remission by Month 6.


Condition Intervention Phase
Vasculitis
Wegener's Granulomatosis
Microscopic Polyangiitis
Drug: Rituximab plus cyclophosphamide placebo (rituximab group)
Drug: Cyclophosphamide plus rituximab placebo (control group)
Drug: Azathioprine
Drug: Methylprednisolone (or other glucocorticoid)
Drug: Prednisone
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Rituximab Therapy for the Induction of Remission and Tolerance in ANCA-Associated Vasculitis (ITN021AI)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease Remission [ Time Frame: 6 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's Granulomatosis (BVAS/WG) score of 0 with prednisone taper successfully completed at six months. The BVAS/WG is a validated disease activity index. The BVAS/WG is designed to document new or worsening clinically active vasculitis and consists of a set of items divided into nine organ based systems. BVAS/WG scores range from 0 to 63, with higher scores indicating more active disease.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Rate of Selected Adverse Events Experienced by Participants Receiving Rituximab Versus Those Receiving Conventional Therapy [ Time Frame: Through common close-out (defined as 18 months after the last participant is enrolled in the trial) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The adverse event rate for the following events considered related to vasculitis: Death; Grade 2 or higher leukopenia or thrombocytopenia; Grade 3 or higher infections; Hemorrhagic cystitis (grade 2 or lower needs confirmation by cytoscopy); Malignancy; Venous thromboembolic event (deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism); Hospitalization resulting either from the disease or from a complication due to study treatment; Infusion reactions (within 24 hours of infusion) that result in the cessation of further infusions (including cytokine release allergic reaction); Cerebrovascular accident

  • Percentage of Participants Who Have a BVAS/WG Score of 0 and Have Successfully Completed the Glucocorticoid Taper by 6 Months Post-randomization [ Time Frame: 6 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The 2-sided 95% CI of the percentage of participants who have a Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's Granulomatosis (BVAS/WG)[1] of 0 and have successfully completed the glucocorticoid taper by 6 months post-randomization and the 2-sided 95% CI of the difference between two arms for assessing the superiority of rituximab to control

    [1] The BVAS/WG is a disease activity index designed to document new or worsening clinically active vasculitis consisting of items divided into 9 organ based systems. BVAS/WG scores range from 0 to 63, with higher scores indicating more active disease


  • The Duration of Complete Remission (BVAS=0, Off Glucocorticoids), the Time to Limited and/or Severe Flare After Remission in the Two Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: 18 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Duration of complete remission is defined as a Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's Granulomatosis (BVAS/WG)[1] of 0 and a completing taper of Prednisone to the first flare, BVAS/WG score of greater than 0, or an increase in Prednisone dosing.

    [1] The BVAS/WG is a disease activity index designed to document new or worsening clinically active vasculitis consisting of items divided into 9 organ based systems. BVAS/WG scores range from 0 to 63, with higher scores indicating more active disease


  • The Duration of Remission (BVAS=0), the Time to Limited and/or Severe Flare After Remission in the Two Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: 18 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of remission is defined as a Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's Granulomatosis (BVAS/WG)[1] of 0 and a completing taper of glucocorticoid by 6 months post-randomization to the first flare, BVAS/WG score of greater than 0, or an increase in Prednisone dosing.

  • Time to Remission (BVAS=0) From the Visit 1 Baseline Visit in the Two Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: 18 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Time to complete remission is defined as the number of days from baseline visit (Visit 1) to a Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's Granulomatosis (BVAS/WG)[1] of 0.

    [1] The BVAS/WG is a disease activity index designed to document new or worsening clinically active vasculitis consisting of items divided into 9 organ based systems. BVAS/WG scores range from 0 to 63, with higher scores indicating more active disease


  • Time to Complete Remission (BVAS=0, Off Glucocorticoids) From the Visit 1 Baseline Visit in the Two Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: 18 months post-randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Time to complete remission is defined as the number of days from baseline visit (Visit 1) to a Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's Granulomatosis (BVAS/WG)[1] of 0 and completing taper of glucocorticoid by 6 months post-randomization.

    [1] The BVAS/WG is a disease activity index designed to document new or worsening clinically active vasculitis consisting of items divided into 9 organ based systems. BVAS/WG scores range from 0 to 63, with higher scores indicating more active disease



Enrollment: 197
Study Start Date: January 2005
Study Completion Date: January 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Rituximab Drug: Rituximab plus cyclophosphamide placebo (rituximab group)
375 mg/m^2 infusions once weekly for 4 week
Other Name: Rituxan
Drug: Methylprednisolone (or other glucocorticoid)
1 g/day intravenously for up to 3 days within 14 days prior to receiving rituximab
Other Name: Medrol
Drug: Prednisone
During the remission induction phase, all participants will receive oral prednisone daily (1 mg/kg/day, not to exceed 80 mg/day). Prednisone tapering will be completed by the Month 6 study visit.
Other Name: Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Meticorten, Orasone
Active Comparator: Control Group Drug: Cyclophosphamide plus rituximab placebo (control group)
2 mg/kg/day orally for months 1-3
Other Name: Cytoxan
Drug: Azathioprine
2 mg/kg/day orally for months 4-6
Other Name: imuran
Drug: Methylprednisolone (or other glucocorticoid)
1 g/day intravenously for up to 3 days within 14 days prior to receiving rituximab
Other Name: Medrol
Drug: Prednisone
During the remission induction phase, all participants will receive oral prednisone daily (1 mg/kg/day, not to exceed 80 mg/day). Prednisone tapering will be completed by the Month 6 study visit.
Other Name: Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Meticorten, Orasone

Detailed Description:

Current conventional therapies for ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) are associated with high incidences of treatment failure, disease relapse, substantial toxicity, and patient morbidity and mortality. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody used to treat non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This study will evaluate the efficacy of rituximab with glucocorticoids in inducing disease remission in patients with severe forms of AAV (WG and MPA).

The study consists of two phases: a 6-month remission induction phase, followed by a 12-month remission maintenance phase. All participants will receive at least 1 g of pulse intravenous methylprednisolone or a dose-equivalent of another glucocorticoid preparation. Depending on the participant's condition, he or she may receive up to 3 days of intravenous methylprednisolone for a total of 3 g of methylprednisolone (or a dose-equivalent). During the remission induction phase, all participants will receive oral prednisone daily (1 mg/kg/day, not to exceed 80 mg/day). Prednisone tapering will be completed by the Month 6 study visit.

Next, participants will be randomly assigned to one of two arms. Arm 1 participants will receive rituximab (375 mg/m^2) infusions once weekly for 4 weeks and cyclophosphamide (CYC) placebo daily for 3 to 6 months. Arm 2 participants will receive rituximab placebo infusions once weekly for 4 weeks and CYC daily for 3 to 6 months. During the remission maintenance phase, participants in Arm 1 will discontinue CYC placebo and start oral azathioprine (AZA) placebo daily until Month 18. Participants in Arm 2 will discontinue CYC and start AZA daily until Month 18. Participants who fail treatment before Month 6 will be crossed over to the other treatment arm unless there are specific contraindications. Participants in either group who reach clinical remission before they complete 6 months of therapy may switch from CYC/placebo to AZA/placebo if directed by their physicians.

All participants will be followed for at least 18 months. Initially, study visits are weekly, progressing to monthly and then quarterly visits as the study proceeds. Blood collection will occur at each study visit.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Weight of at least 88 pounds(40 kilograms)
  • Diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis or microscopic polyangiitis according to the definitions of the Chapel Hill Consensus Conference
  • Newly diagnosed patient of Wegener's granulomatosis or microscopic polyangiitis OR must be experiencing a disease flare characterized by: (a) active disease with a Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's granulomatosis (BVAS/WG) of 3 or greater that would normally require treatment with CYC; OR (b) disease severe enough to require treatment with CYC; OR (c) must be positive for either PR3-ANCA (ANCA directed against proteinase 3) or MPO-ANCA (ANCA directed against myeloperoxidase)at the screening
  • Willing to use acceptable forms of contraception for the duration of the study and for up to 1 year after stopping study medications
  • Willing to report pregnancies (female participants or male participants' partners) occurring at any time during the study and for up to 1 year after stopping study medications
  • Parent or guardian willing to provide informed consent, if applicable

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of Churg-Strauss Syndrome according to the definitions of the Chapel Hill Consensus Conference
  • Have limited disease that would not normally be treated with CYC
  • Requires mechanical ventilation because of alveolar hemorrhage
  • History of severe allergic reactions to human or chimeric monoclonal antibodies
  • Active systemic infection
  • Have a deep-space infection, such as osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, or pneumonia complicated by pleural cavity or lung abscess, within 6 months prior to study entry
  • History of or current hepatitis B or C infection
  • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infected
  • Acute or chronic liver disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with the study
  • History of or active cancer diagnosed within the last 5 years. Individuals with squamous cell or basal cell carcinomas of the skin and individuals with cervical carcinoma in situ who have received curative surgical treatment may be eligible for this study.
  • History of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) disease
  • Other uncontrolled disease, including drug and alcohol abuse, that may interfere with the study
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00104299

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224
United States, Massachusetts
Boston University
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic Foundation
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, New York
Hospital for Special Surgery
New York, New York, United States, 10128
United States, North Carolina
Duke University
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
The Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Netherlands
University Hospital Groningen
Groningen, Netherlands, 9713 GZ
Sponsors and Collaborators
Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Genentech
Investigators
Study Chair: John H. Stone, MD, MPH Johns Hopkins University
Study Chair: Ulrich Specks, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00104299     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DAIT ITN021AI
Study First Received: February 24, 2005
Results First Received: February 2, 2011
Last Updated: October 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
ANCA
Vasculitis
Wegener's Granulomatosis
microscopic polyangiitis
ANCA-positive
ANCA-associated
ANCA-associated vasculitis
MPA

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Microscopic Polyangiitis
Vasculitis
Systemic Vasculitis
Wegener Granulomatosis
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Lung Diseases, Interstitial
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Cyclophosphamide
Azathioprine
Rituximab
Prednisone
Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate
Prednisolone
Methylprednisolone acetate
Prednisolone acetate
Methylprednisolone
Prednisolone hemisuccinate
Prednisolone phosphate
Glucocorticoids
Immunosuppressive Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 29, 2014