Caspofungin to Prevent Candidiasis in Adults in Hospital Intensive Care Units

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00099775
First received: December 18, 2004
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: September 2005
  Purpose

This study will examine whether the anti-fungal drug caspofungin can prevent Candida infections in adult patients in intensive care units (ICUs). Caspofungin is approved to treat certain fungal infections, including fungal blood stream infections due to Candida. Because ICU patients are at high risk for Candida, it would be beneficial to have a preventive drug, thereby reducing complications due to infection.

Patients 18 years of age or older who are not pregnant may be enrolled in this study on day 3 or 4 of their ICU admission if they have an expected stay of at least 2 additional days in the ICU.

Participants are randomly assigned to treatment with either caspofungin or placebo (an inactive substance). Before treatment, patients have a medical history and physical examination. Blood and urine tests are done for routine tests and to look for fungal infection. Additional samples that may be collected to test for fungal infection include a rectal swab or stool sample; a wound culture if the patient has a wound, or a sputum culture in patients who have a tube in their throat to help with breathing or are producing sputum.

Patients take caspofungin or placebo once a day for no more than 28 days. In addition, they undergo the following procedures:

  • Review of treatment side effects and medicines taken, daily during treatment, 1 week after treatment, and 2 weeks after treatment
  • Physical examination once a week, on the last day of treatment, and 1 week after treatment
  • Urine test once a week, on the last day of treatment, and 1 week after treatment to look for possible fungal infection
  • Blood tests twice a week, on the last day of treatment, 1 week after treatment, and 2 weeks after treatment for laboratory safety tests and to look for fungal infection
  • Collection of additional samples (rectal swab or stool sample, wound culture, or sputum sample) once a week, on the last day of treatment, and 1 week after treatment to look for possible fungal infection

Condition Intervention Phase
Candidiasis
Drug: Caspofungin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Double-Masked Trial of Caspofungin Versus Placebo as Prophylaxis of Invasive Candidiasis in High-Risk Adults in the Critical Care Setting

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 1200
Study Start Date: December 2004
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2005
Detailed Description:

This study is designed as a prospective, multi-center randomized double-masked placebo-controlled trial of caspofungin versus placebo for prevention of invasive candidiasis in high-risk adults in the critical care setting. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of caspofungin as prophylaxis for invasive candidiasis in high-risk ICU subjects by comparing the risk of invasive candidiasis in subjects receiving caspofungin with the risk in those receiving placebo. The secondary objectives are to evaluate the rate of invasive candidiasis in subjects meeting the clinical prediction rule; to prospectively assess the effect of colonization as a risk factor for the development of invasive candidiasis; to evaluate the safety of caspofungin as prophylaxis for invasive candidiasis by summarizing the proportion of subjects who discontinue study therapy because of a drug-related adverse event and the proportion of subjects with one or more drug-related adverse event(s); and to evaluate all-cause mortality. The planned sample size will be 1200 subjects, 1/3 in the control arm and 2/3 in the active treatment arm based on a power of at least 0.8 needed to detect a 50% reduction in incidence from base rate of 11% to 5.5%. High-risk icu subjects greater than or equal to 18 years of age meeting all eligibility criteria with at least 5 days of anticipated ICU stay will be randomized to receive either caspofungin 50 mg/day (70 mg/day for subjects on rifampin) or placebo (normal saline) daily. Caspofungin or placebo will be given intravenously as a single daily dose infused over approximately one hour. Subjects will receive study drug or placebo for the duration on their icu stay, up to a maximum of 28 days.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA

Subjects who meet all of the following criteria are eligible for enrollment into the study:

Participant, or their legal representative, has signed the informed consent. Sites will follow their institutional review board (IRB) specific guidelines for obtaining informed consent.

Admission to an ICU within the previous 3 days. The subject may be enrolled into this study on Days 3, 4 or 5 of the ICU admission, and MUST HAVE an expected stay of at least 2 additional days in the ICU.

NOTE: The day the subject is admitted to the ICU is Day 1 of ICU Admission. All days are counted in calendar days.

Non-pregnant subjects greater than or equal to 18 years of age. Subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to study entry.

Subject must have at least 1 of the following:

Received at least one dose of any systemic antibiotic on any one of the ICU days before study entry and continue to receive antibiotics at the time of enrollment.

Presence of a central venous catheter at time of enrollment and for 1 additional day during current ICU stay.

And at least 2 of the following:

  • Use of total parenteral nutrition on any of Days 1-4 of the ICU admission.
  • Any type dialysis on any of Days 1-4 of the ICU admission.
  • Any in-patient surgery, done under general anesthesia or epidural block, within the 7 days prior to or on ICU admission. (Excludes placement of vascular catheters.)
  • Pancreatitis (documented by CT scan or lipase greater than 1,000 u/L) within the 7 days prior to or on ICU admission.
  • More than 1 dose of systemic steroids (prednisone equivalent dose greater than or equal to 20 mg per day) between 7 days prior to and through Day 3 of ICU admission.
  • Use of more than 1 dose of other systemic immunosuppressive agents (such as azathioprine, tacrolimus, sirolimus, mycophenolate, monoclonal antibodies, and TNF immunomodulators) within the 7 days prior to or on ICU admission.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

Subjects who meet any of the following criteria are ineligible for enrollment in the study:

  • Allergy or intolerance to caspofungin or any other echinocandin analog.
  • Absolute neutrophil count less than 500/mm(3) at study entry or likely to develop such an absolute neutrophil count during the study therapy period.
  • A diagnosis of HIV, aplastic anemia, or chronic granulomatous disease.
  • Moderate or severe hepatic insufficiency as indicated by a Child-Pugh Score of 7 or higher or cirrhosis due to any cause (Child-Pugh scores are to be calculated only if hepatic insufficiency is suspected.
  • Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Subjects unlikely to survive more than 2 days.
  • Subjects who have received a systemic antifungal agent for treatment or prophylaxis within 7 days prior to study entry.
  • Subjects with documented active, proven or probable IFI within 7 days prior to study entry.
  • Subjects who have previously participated in this study.
  • Subjects who have received another investigational agent within 7 days prior to study entry or who are currently receiving another investigational agent.
  • Subjects in the ICU greater than 5 days prior to enrollment into this study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00099775

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00099775     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 050057, 05-C-0057
Study First Received: December 18, 2004
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Mycoses
Candida
Echinocandin
Immunocompromised Host
Invasive Fungal Infection
Fungal Infection

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Candidiasis
Mycoses
Caspofungin
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014