Rifaximin Versus Placebo in the Prevention of Travelers' Diarrhea

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Salix Pharmaceuticals
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
Information provided by:
DuPont, Hurbert L., MD
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00098384
First received: December 7, 2004
Last updated: May 8, 2006
Last verified: December 2004
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of poorly absorbed rifaximin in the prevention of travelers' diarrhea among U.S. college students in Mexico for five weeks.


Condition Intervention Phase
Diarrhea
Drug: rifaximin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Single Center, Comparative Dose Ranging Study of Rifaximin Vs. Placebo in the Prevention of Travelers' Diarrhea Due to Enteropathogenic Bacteria

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by DuPont, Hurbert L., MD:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of diarrhea, defined as passage of >2 unformed stools/24 hr plus one or more signs or symptoms of enteric infection

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of mild diarrhea (1 or 2 unformed stools/24 hr plus a sign or symptom)
  • Treatment failure (not well in five days)
  • Occurrence of moderate to severe abdominal pain/cramps or intestinal gas related symptoms

Estimated Enrollment: 220
Study Start Date: June 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2003
Detailed Description:

This is an investigator-initiated proposal wherein 220 male and female subjects >17 years of age from industrialized regions were randomized to receive a poorly absorbed antibiotic, rifaximin, in one of three doses at mealtime (when they are exposed to diarrhea-causing bacteria), 200 mg once a day, 200 mg twice a day or 200 mg three times a day versus a placebo starting on arrival (within the first 72 hours) to Mexico and continuing for two weeks with diaries of symptoms recorded for three weeks. Adverse events in the subjects were followed for five weeks. If mild diarrhea (1 or 2 unformed stools/24 hours plus an enteric symptom) or diarrheal illness (>2 unformed stools/24 hours plus an enteric symptom) developed, subjects provided a stool sample to determine cause of illness. Forty subjects provided stool samples after 7 days and 14 days treatment to see if their intestinal bacterial flora had developed resistance to rifaximin and to see the level of drug achieved. Stool samples from these forty subjects were studied for enteric pathogens to look for asymptomatic infection during the period of prophylaxis. The stool samples collected were initially processed in our enteric laboratories in Guadalajara, Mexico. Specialized tests such as studies of toxigenicity for enterotoxigenic E. coli and enteroadherence for enteroaggregative E. coli were done in Houston.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • An Investigational Review Board approved, written informed consent is appropriately witnessed, signed and dated prior to any study-related activities
  • Male or female subjects 18 years of age or older
  • Able to read and understand English
  • Enrolled and started on prophylaxis within 72 hours of arrival in Mexico
  • If the subject is female, only women with non-childbearing potential or those who are not pregnant will be eligible. Urine pregnancy tests will be performed on those women who question their pregnancy status. Women on the study are required to employ a reliable method of contraception while taking medication. Forms of acceptable contraception include:

    • Double barrier method of contraception.
    • Oral birth control pills for at least two cycles before enrollment and continuing during therapy – subjects will be told they should use a barrier contraception method during the study as well.
    • Norplant inserted at least one month before enrollment.
    • An intrauterine device inserted by a qualified clinician.
    • Medroxyprogesterone acetate for a minimum of one month before study and administered for one month following study completion.
    • An approved birth control patch for at least two cycles before enrollment and continuing during therapy. OR
    • Complete abstinence from intercourse for the two weeks of medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Acute diarrhea (criteria for travelers’ diarrhea above) within the past week
  • Diarrhea developing within 24 hours of study enrollment
  • In Mexico for more than 72 hours
  • Receipt of one of the following classes of drugs: fluoroquinolone (any drug in class), macrolide or azalide or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole within the past week or during the three week study
  • Receipt of other medication to decrease the occurrence of diarrhea (e.g. bismuth subsalicylate or lactobacillus preparations)
  • For females, pregnancy or breast feeding during the three week study
  • Receipt of antidiarrheal medication (loperamide, bismuth subsalicylate, kaopectate) within 24 hours of enrollment
  • Hypersensitivity to rifaximin
  • Unstable medical condition including chronic renal failure and insulin dependent diabetes.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00098384

Locations
Mexico
Universidad Autonoma de Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
Sponsors and Collaborators
DuPont, Hurbert L., MD
Salix Pharmaceuticals
The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00098384     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PR 03
Study First Received: December 7, 2004
Last Updated: May 8, 2006
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by DuPont, Hurbert L., MD:
Travelers’ diarrhea
rifaximin
prophylaxis
enterotoxigenic E. coli

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diarrhea
Dysentery
Digestive System Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Rifaximin
Anti-Infective Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014