Neonatal Resuscitation in Zambia
Asphyxia is a leading cause of neonatal death in Zambia. This study will be conducted in two cities in Zambia to determine if the combined Neonatal Resuscitation Program/Essential Newborn Care Program compared to the new World Health Organization (W.H.O.) basic perinatal care education of health care providers (Essential Newborn Care Program) results in reduced mortality due to perinatal asphyxia.
Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
Procedure: Neonatal Resuscitation
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Neonatal Resuscitation in Zambia|
- Neonatal mortality at 7 days
- Neonatal mortality due to perinatal asphyxia
- Self efficacy, knowledge, performance, and competence in neonatal resuscitation
- Apgar scores at 5 minutes
|Study Start Date:||October 2004|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2006|
Birth asphyxia (defined as “failure to initiate and sustain breathing at birth”) has been identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the most frequent cause of early deaths worldwide, accounting for about 20% of neonatal mortality. Although prompt resuscitation after birth can prevent many of the deaths and reduce disabilities in survivors from birth asphyxia, the WHO has concluded that resuscitation is often not initiated or the methods used are inadequate or wrong. The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) has been universally accepted in the developed world but has had limited dissemination in many developing countries, including Zambia. The primary hypothesis of this study is that implementation of the combined Neonatal Resuscitation Program/WHO Essential Newborn Care (ENC) Program, compared to basic neonatal care education of health care providers (ENC only) will result in reduced neonatal 7-day mortality. This trial will be performed in two Zambian cities: Lusaka and Ndola. Training in data collection will be conducted in order to establish baseline data on mortality and asphyxia. Following this time period, all centers will receive the ENC training and continue to collect data for 7 months. The clinics will then receive NRP Training and collect data for a 12-month period.
The primary outcome will be a decrease in neonatal 7-day mortality following the NRP training when compared to the ENC-only time period. Secondary outcomes will include neonatal mortality due to perinatal asphyxia, mortality or hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) at 7 days, need for advanced resuscitation, Apgar scores at 5 minutes, sustainability of the program, as well as providers’ self efficacy, competence, and performance in neonatal resuscitation.
|University of Zambia|
|Principal Investigator:||Waldemar A Carlo, MD||University of Alabama at Birmingham|
|Principal Investigator:||Elwyn Chomba, MBChB, DCH, MRCP||University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka|