Arsenic Trioxide, Cytarabine, and Idarubicin in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00093483
First received: October 6, 2004
Last updated: January 10, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as arsenic trioxide, cytarabine, and idarubicin, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of arsenic trioxide when given together with cytarabine and idarubicin in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Biological: filgrastim
Drug: arsenic trioxide
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: idarubicin
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Arsenic Trioxide, High-Dose Cytarabine and Idarubicin Induction Therapy in Previously Untreated de Novo and Secondary Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients < 60 Years Old - A Phase I Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose and/or biologically effective dose or arsenic trioxide [ Time Frame: 30 days after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 61
Study Start Date: April 2002
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Biological: filgrastim
    Subcutaneously beginning 12 hours after the last dose of chemotherapy and continuing until blood counts recover.
    Drug: arsenic trioxide
    IV over 1 hour on day 1
    Drug: cytarabine
    IV over 1 hour every 12 hours on days 1-6
    Drug: idarubicin
    IV over 30 minutes on days 2-4 (immediately after doses 3, 5 and 7 of cytarabine).
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose and/or biologically effective dose of arsenic trioxide followed by high-dose cytarabine and idarubicin in patients with previously untreated de novo or secondary acute myeloid leukemia.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of arsenic trioxide. Patients are stratified according to timing of accrual (before November 2002 vs since November 2002).

Patients receive arsenic trioxide IV over 1 hour on day 1 followed by high-dose cytarabine IV over 1 hour every 12 hours on days 1-6 and idarubicin IV over 30 minutes on days 2-4 (immediately after doses 3, 5 and 7 of cytarabine). Patients also receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously beginning 12 hours after the last dose of chemotherapy and continuing until blood counts recover.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of arsenic trioxide until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), current dose used for myelodysplastic syndromes or acute promyelocytic leukemia, or biologically effective dose is reached. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. The biologically effective dose is defined as the dose at which 3 patients with constitutive STAT3 activity have the activity negated after the first dose of arsenic trioxide.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 40 patients (6 for stratum I [accrued before November 2002] and 34 for stratum II [accrued since November 2002] will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 59 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed de novo or secondary acute myeloid leukemia with ≥ 20% blasts AND at least 1 of the following characteristics*:

    • Auer rods
    • Peroxidase or sudan black positive blasts
    • Chloroacetate esterase-positive or diffusely non-specific esterase-positive blasts
    • Presence of a myeloid immunophenotype by multiparameter flow cytometry, including expression of one or more myeloid markers (CD13, CD33) on blasts NOTE: *Megakaryocytic leukemia can be diagnosed by the detection of platelet antigens (e.g. factor VIII, glycoprotein Ib or IIb/IIIa) using monoclonal antibodies or the presence of ultrastructural platelet peroxidase
  • No acute promyelocytic leukemia
  • No Philadelphia-chromosome positive chronic myeloid leukemia
  • Prior hematologic disorders, including myelodysplastic syndromes, aplastic anemia, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, and myeloproliferative disorders allowed

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 to 59

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • More than 4 weeks

Hematopoietic

  • Not specified

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin ≤ 2 times normal*
  • SGOT ≤ 2 times normal*
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2 times normal* NOTE: *Unless abnormalities are directly attributable to leukemia

Renal

  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times normal* NOTE: *Unless abnormalities are directly attributable to leukemia

Cardiovascular

  • Cardiac ejection fraction ≥ 45%*
  • Absolute QT interval ≤ 460 msec with potassium > 4.0 mEq/L and magnesium > 1.8 mg/dL
  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No uncontrolled symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No angina pectoris
  • No multifocal cardiac arrythmias
  • No other severe cardiovascular disease NOTE: *Unless abnormalities are directly attributable to leukemia

Other

  • No serious medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude informed consent or limit survival to < 4 weeks
  • No uncontrolled diabetes mellitus
  • No other concurrent active malignancy
  • No known hypersensitivity to E. coli-derived drug preparations
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after study participation

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy for acute leukemia, except hydroxyurea to control white blood cell counts

    • Prior chemotherapy for an antecedent malignancy or other medical condition allowed

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Prior radiotherapy for an antecedent malignancy or other medical condition allowed

Surgery

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00093483

Locations
United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Investigators
Study Chair: Meir Wetzler, MD Roswell Park Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Roswell Park Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00093483     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000387999, P30CA016056, RPCI-RP-0209
Study First Received: October 6, 2004
Last Updated: January 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:
adult acute basophilic leukemia
adult acute eosinophilic leukemia
adult erythroleukemia (M6a)
adult pure erythroid leukemia (M6b)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
secondary acute myeloid leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Cytarabine
Arsenic trioxide
Idarubicin
Lenograstim
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Adjuvants, Immunologic

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014