Genetic and Environmental Characteristics of Primary Pulmonary Hypertension
The goal of this study is to identify the modifying genes and environmental features that regulate the clinical expression of mutations in bone morphogenetic protein receptor 2 (BMPR2); to develop the understanding of how BMPR2 mutations result in disease; and to identify the undiscovered genetic mutations that cause primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH).
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Retrospective
|Official Title:||Genetic and Environmental Pathogenesis of PPH|
- New development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (penetrance), age of onset, and survival [ Time Frame: Measured through genetic analysis ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Specimens from 100 families affected by PPH
|Study Start Date:||August 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
PPH is a progressive disease that causes obstruction of the smallest arteries in the lungs, which often leads to heart failure. It threatens the lives of thousands of individuals. PPH affects both genders at any age, although females are affected twice as often as males. In a recent important advance, mutations in BMPR2 were associated with both familial and sporadic PPH. Because only 20% of people with a BMPR2 mutation ever develop PPH, other genes or modifying biologic events must contribute to the clinical development of the disease. PPH was recently renamed Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension or Familial Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.
This study will utilize a database and specimen bank developed from 100 families affected by PPH across the United States. In families with genetic mutations not yet identified, changes in the BMPR2 gene will be studied, including in the promoter and intronic regions, and chance recombination events that could confirm another locus near 2q33 will be examined. New methods will look for modifier genes in large families with known mutations; examine kindreds for mitochondrial DNA haplotypes; and test candidate genes, including NOS-1, NOS-3, and the serotonin transporter. This study will determine the functional mechanisms by which variations found in the BMPR2 alleles alter BMP signal transduction by defining the biochemical effects of the mutant proteins on signaling pathways. In addition, the study will examine the perceived risks and benefits of clinical genetic testing and counseling in individuals from families at high risk for PPH and will determine how this new information might be most helpful to these individuals and their families.
|United States, Tennessee|
|Vanderbilt University Medical Center|
|Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-2650|
|Study Chair:||James Loyd||Vanderbilt University|