Erlotinib in Treating Patients With Stage I-IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Undergoing Surgical Resection

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00087269
First received: July 8, 2004
Last updated: June 4, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

This phase II trial is studying how well erlotinib works in treating patients with stage I, stage II, or stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer. Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth. Giving erlotinib before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed.


Condition Intervention Phase
Stage IA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IIIA Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Procedure: therapeutic endoscopic surgery
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study to Evaluate the Tumor Biochemical Effects of the EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor OSI-774 (Erlotinib) Administered Prior to Surgical Resection in Patients With Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Biochemical response rate in tumor defined as > 75% decrease in P-MAPK and/or P-AKT [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Tolerability of erlotinib, graded according to the NCI CTCAE version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 110
Study Start Date: December 2004
Primary Completion Date: April 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (erlotinib)
Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily on days 1-14 or days 1-21 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo surgical resection on the last day of study drug administration (day 14 or day 21). Patients may receive chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy after surgical resection at the discretion of the primary physician.
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib
  • OSI-774
Procedure: therapeutic endoscopic surgery
Undergo surgical resection
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the biochemical response rate (> 75% decrease in P-MAPK and/or P-AKT) with daily oral OSI-774 (erlotinib) for 14 consecutive days in patients with early stage, operable NSCLC.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety and tolerance of daily oral OSI-774 (erlotinib) as pre-operative treatment for early stage operable NSCLC.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To correlate antiproliferative (Ki-67, p27) and apoptotic (TUNEL assay) tumor responses to OSI-774 (erlotinib) with pre-therapy tumor and skin EGFR pathway functional status and post-therapy tumor and skin EGFR pathway inhibition in patients with resectable NSCLC treated preoperatively with OSI-774 (erlotinib) for 14 days.

II. Assessment of functional EGFR status: HER1, HER-2, HER3, HER4, PHER1, AKT, P-AKT, MAPK-P-MAPK, STAT-3, P-STAT-3, EGFR-III by immunohistochemistry (IHC).

III. Assessment of proliferative response: Ki67 and p27 by IHC. IV. Assessment of apoptotic response: TUNEL assay. V. To study the role of the gastrin-releasing factor and estrogen receptor pathways in the sensitivity and resistance of NSCLC to OSI-774 (erlotinib).

VI. To identify patterns of gene and protein expression pre-therapy and post-therapy that are associated with tumor clinical, biochemical, antiproliferative, and apoptotic responses.

VII. To study the antitumor activity of OSI-774 (erlotinib) in NSCLC tumors heterotransplanted in nude mice after surgical resection and to investigate the sequential molecular changes associated with tumor response to OSI-774 (erlotinib) therapy.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily on days 1-14 or days 1-21 in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients then undergo surgical resection on the last day of study drug administration (day 14 or day 21). Patients may receive chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy after surgical resection at the discretion of the primary physician.

Patients are followed for 5 years after study registration.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with suspicion of lung cancer without distant metastases
  • Patients are scheduled to have a tissue diagnostic procedure within 3 to 5 days of pre-registration
  • Patients are willing to allow collection and submission of baseline and post-therapy tumor tissue, skin and blood samples for this study
  • Patients must have ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2
  • Patients must have no psychological, familial, sociological, or geographic conditions that will interfere with medical follow-up and compliance with the study protocol
  • Patients must have no prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy or no prior anti- EGFR treatment exposure
  • Patients must be able to take oral medication and not have malabsorption syndrome, or prior gastrointestinal surgery that limits their absorption (i.e. requiring total parental nutrition)
  • Patients must not be using phenytoin, carbamazepine, barbiturates, rifampicin, phenobarbital, oxcarbazepine, rifapentine, St John's Wort, or any other CYP 3A4 enzyme-inducing agent; any use of these substances must be discontinued at least 2 weeks prior to registration
  • Patients must not be taking any anti-coagulants
  • Patients must not have been treated with a non-approved or investigational drug within 21 days prior to pre-registration; patients must not have serious underlying medical condition that would impair the ability of patient to receive the planned treatment
  • Patients with a known hypersensitivity to OSI-774 (erlotinib) are not eligible
  • Patients must have histologically confirmed NSCLC; cytologic specimens obtained by brushing, washing or needle aspiration of defined lesions will be acceptable
  • Patients must have stage IA (T1N0M0), stage IB (T2N0M0), stage IIA (T1N1M0), stage IIB (T2N1M0; T3N0-1M0), or stage IIIA (T1-3N2M0) disease
  • Patients with small cell component on histology specimen are not eligible
  • A paraffin-embedded cell block and 1-2 segments of frozen tissue demonstrating NSCLC and obtained during the diagnostic biopsy is available for submission
  • Patients must be considered operable candidates and disease must be considered resectable
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women are excluded from the study because the agents used in this study may be teratogenic to a fetus or child and there is no information on the excretion of the agents or their metabolites into breast milk

    • All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study within 1 week, prior to registration to rule out pregnancy
    • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males are strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
  • WBC >= 3500/mm^3
  • ANC >= 1500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5mg/dL
  • SGPT and SGOT < 3 times institution's upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine < 2mg/dl or creatinine clearance >= 20 ml/min
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00087269

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Steven Keller Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00087269     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02950, E4503, U10CA021115
Study First Received: July 8, 2004
Last Updated: June 4, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Bronchial Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Lung Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Erlotinib
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014