Vaccine Therapy Combined With Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Treating Patients With Resected Stage I or Stage II Adenocarcinoma (Cancer) of the Pancreas

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00084383
First received: June 10, 2004
Last updated: July 17, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from gene-modified pancreatic cancer cells may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fluorouracil, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving vaccine therapy together with chemotherapy and radiation therapy after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving vaccine therapy together with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy works in treating patients with resected stage I or stage II adenocarcinoma (cancer) of the pancreas.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer
Biological: GVAX pancreatic cancer vaccine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Safety and Efficacy Trial of Lethally Irradiated Allogeneic Pancreatic Tumor Cells Transfected With the GM-CSF Gene in Combination With Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy for the Treatment of Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Participants were followed for the duration of the study, an average of 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall survival in patients treated with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in sequence with the irradiated allogeneic GM-CSF transfected pancreatic tumor cell lines. Overall survival is defined as time from surgery until death, regardless of cause.

  • Disease-free Survival [ Time Frame: Participants were followed for the duration of the study, an average of 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Disease-free Survival in Patients Treated With Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Sequence With the Irradiated Allogeneic GM-CSF Transfected Pancreatic Tumor Cell Lines. DFS is defined as time from surgery until clinical evidence of disease (eg, CT scan) or death due to any cause.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To Further Identify and Characterize Toxicities Associated With Intradermal Injections of the Vaccine That Were Initially Reported in the Phase 1 Trial. [ Time Frame: 4 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Estimate the Association of Specific in Vivo Parameters of Immune Response With Clinical Responses in Patients Treated With Combination Chemoradiotherapy Together With the Irradiated Allogeneic GM-CSF Transfected Pancreatic Tumor Cell Lines. [ Time Frame: Continuous ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The specific immune parameters include: post-vaccination delayed type hypersensitivity reactions to autologous tumor and the degree of local eosinophil, macrophage, and T cell infiltration at the vaccine site, and mesothelin-specific T cell responses.


Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: January 2002
Study Completion Date: July 2006
Primary Completion Date: December 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: GVAX pancreatic cancer vaccine
5E8 vaccine cells. The first vaccination is administered 6-8 weeks after surgery. Four to eight weeks following the completion of the last cycle of adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy (chemo-radiation therapy is standard of care and not part of the protocol) eligible patients will receive three additional vaccinations at one month intervals. Patients who continue to remain disease-free will receive a fifth "booster" vaccination, six months following the fourth vaccination
Biological: GVAX pancreatic cancer vaccine
Patients will receive vaccinations consisting of 5E8 vaccine cells. The first vaccination is administered 6-8 weeks after surgery. Four to eight weeks following the completion of the last cycle of adjuvant radiation and chemotherapy (chemo-radiation therapy is standard of care and not part of the protocol) eligible patients will receive three additional vaccinations at one month intervals. Patients who continue to remain disease-free will receive a fifth "booster" vaccination, six months following the fourth vaccination.

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine overall and disease-free survival of patients with resected stage I or II adenocarcinoma of the pancreas treated with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in combination with GVAX pancreatic cancer vaccine.

Secondary

  • Correlate specific in vivo parameters of immune response (post-vaccination delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions to autologous tumor, mesothelin-specific T-cell response, and the degree of local eosinophil, macrophage, and T-cell infiltration at the vaccine site) with clinical responses in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the toxic effects associated with intradermal injections of this vaccine in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label study.

  • Post surgery vaccination: Within 8-10 weeks after pancreaticoduodenectomy, patients receive GVAX pancreatic cancer vaccine intradermally (ID) on day 0.
  • Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy: Within 16-28 days after the first vaccination, patients receive fluorouracil (5-FU) IV continuously for 3 weeks. Approximately 1-2 weeks after completion of 5-FU, patients receive chemoradiotherapy comprising radiotherapy daily and 5-FU IV continuously for 26-28 weeks. Approximately 3-5 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy, patients receive 5-FU IV continuously for 4 weeks. 5-FU repeats every 6 weeks for 2 courses.
  • Post chemoradiotherapy vaccination: Within 4-8 weeks after the completion of chemoradiotherapy, patients receive GVAX pancreatic cancer vaccine ID on days 0, 28, 56, and 196.

Treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 60 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed invasive ductal adenocarcinoma of the head, neck, and uncinate process of the pancreas

    • Mixed adenocarcinoma tumors allowed if the predominant invasive component of the tumor is adenocarcinoma
    • Stage I or II (clinical stage T1-3, N0-1, M0) disease
  • Has undergone pancreaticoduodenectomy at the Johns Hopkins Hospital within the past 8-10 weeks

    • Completely resected (R0) or microscopic residual (R1) disease
  • No diagnosis other than ductal adenocarcinoma, including any of the following:

    • Adenosquamous
    • Squamous cell
    • Colloid
    • Islet cell
    • Non-invasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms
    • Serous or mucinous cystadenoma or cystadenocarcinoma
    • Carcinoid
    • Small or large cell carcinoma
    • Intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasms
    • Osteoclast-like giant cell tumors
    • Acinar cell carcinoma
    • Pancreatoblastoma
    • Solid pseudopapillary tumors
    • Undifferentiated small cell carcinoma
    • Non-epithelial tumors (sarcoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, or lymphoma)
    • Adenocarcinoma of the ampulla
    • Adenocarcinoma of the distal bile duct
    • Adenocarcinoma of the duodenum
  • No recurrent disease
  • No metastatic disease, including peritoneal implants or liver and/or lung involvement

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count >/= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >/= 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin >/= 10 g/dL

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin </= 2 mg/dL
  • AST/ALT </= 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase </= 5 times ULN

Renal

  • Creatinine </= 2 mg/dL

Pulmonary

  • No asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease requiring systemic corticosteroids

Immunologic

  • HIV negative
  • No active infection
  • No prior or concurrent autoimmune disease requiring treatment with systemic immunosuppressants, including any of the following:

    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Systemic vasculitis
    • Scleroderma
    • Psoriasis
    • Multiple sclerosis
    • Hemolytic anemia or immune thrombocytopenia
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus
    • Sjogren's syndrome
    • Sarcoidosis
  • Negative results to viral delayed-type hypersensitivity serology testing if autologous tumor cells are available

Other

  • No postoperative complications (e.g., inability to take oral nutrition >/= 1,500 calories/day, ongoing requirement for long-term biliary stenting, or persistence of wound infection)
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • No uncontrolled medical conditions that would preclude study participation
  • No other major active medical or psychosocial problem that could be exacerbated by study treatment
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 4 weeks after study participation

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • More than 1 month since prior biologic therapy
  • No other concurrent biologic therapy, immunotherapy, or gene therapy for pancreatic cancer

Chemotherapy

  • More than 1 month since prior chemotherapy
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer

Endocrine therapy

  • More than 28 days since prior systemic steroids
  • No concurrent systemic corticosteroids

Radiotherapy

  • More than 1 month since prior radiotherapy
  • No other concurrent radiotherapy for pancreatic cancer

Surgery

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior surgery

Other

  • More than 1 month since prior participation in an investigational new drug trial
  • No other concurrent investigational therapy for pancreatic cancer
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00084383

Locations
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Daniel A. Laheru, MD Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00084383     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J9988, R01CA088058, P30CA006973, JHOC-J9988
Study First Received: June 10, 2004
Results First Received: March 1, 2013
Last Updated: July 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center:
stage I pancreatic cancer
stage II pancreatic cancer
duct cell adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 16, 2014