Adjuvant Erlotinib After Completing Chemoradiotherapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NCIC Clinical Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00079053
First received: March 8, 2004
Last updated: January 18, 2011
Last verified: January 2011
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth. Giving erlotinib after chemoradiotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of adjuvant erlotinib when given after completing chemoradiotherapy in treating patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (cancer) of the head and neck.


Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Adjuvant OSI-774 (Tarceva®) in Patients Following Combined Chemo-Radiotherapy for Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by NCIC Clinical Trials Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicity/feasibility assessed by NCI CTC v2.0 at the end of course 1 [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Recommended phase II dose at the end of course 1 [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Correlative studies (archival and prospective) at accrual completion [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Disease-free survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: November 2003
Study Completion Date: January 2011
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the recommended dose of adjuvant erlotinib after the completion of chemoradiotherapy in patients with stage III, IVA, or IVB squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
  • Determine the toxicity of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine the effects of this drug on plasma and urinary angiogenic factors (specifically vascular endothelial growth factor receptor [VEGFR], VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and basic fibroblast growth factor levels) in these patients.
  • Compare the disease-free survival of patients treated with this drug after chemoradiotherapy vs historical control patients treated with chemoradiotherapy alone.
  • Correlate levels of angiogenic factors with initial blood vessel concentration in the tumor and the presence or absence of EGFRvIII mutation in patients treated with this drug.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, dose-escalation, multicenter study.

Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of erlotinib until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, an additional 8 patients are treated at that dose level.

Patients are followed at 4 weeks, every 12 weeks for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-20 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck

    • Stage III, IVA, or IVB
  • Must have completed cisplatin- or carboplatin-based chemoradiotherapy within the past 4-12 weeks

    • Prior radiotherapy must have been given with a radical intent with receipt of at least 90% of planned dose
  • No evidence of disease or presence of inoperable minimal residual disease, defined by 1 of the following:

    • Complete response at primary tumor site and nodes (with or without nodal surgery after chemoradiotherapy)
    • Negative lymph node status (by physical or radiological exam) AND persistent tumefaction less than 25% of original tumor size or residual mass due to scarring
  • Tumor tissue samples available for EGFRvIII mutation analysis
  • No known brain metastasis

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute granulocyte count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic

  • ALT/AST < 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin < ULN (unless due to Gilbert's syndrome)

Renal

  • Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN

Cardiovascular

  • No myocardial infarction within the past year
  • No cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring medication
  • No history of cardiac disease
  • No uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • No unstable angina
  • No congestive heart failure

Ophthalmic

  • No history of severe dry eye syndrome, Sjögren's syndrome, or keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • No severe exposure keratopathy
  • No abnormal slit-lamp examination using a vital dye (e.g., fluorescein or Bengal-Rose)
  • No abnormal corneal sensitivity test (Schirmer test or similar tear production test)
  • No disorder that might increase the risk for epithelium-related complication (e.g., bullous keratopathy, aniridia, severe chemical burns, or neutrophilic keratitis)
  • No congenital abnormality (e.g., Fuch's dystrophy)
  • No ocular inflammation or infection

Gastrointestinal

  • Able to take oral medication
  • No gastrointestinal (GI) tract disease requiring IV alimentation
  • No uncontrolled inflammatory GI disease (e.g., Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)
  • No active peptic ulcer disease

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No serious active infection
  • No other serious underlying medical condition that would preclude study participation
  • No prior allergic reaction to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to erlotinib
  • No other malignancy with the past 5 years except adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer (unless in the same area treated with radical radiotherapy) or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior radiotherapy

Surgery

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior surgical procedure affecting absorption
  • No concurrent ophthalmic surgery

Other

  • More than 4 weeks since other prior investigational drugs
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No other concurrent anticancer therapy
  • Concurrent oral anticoagulants (e.g., warfarin) allowed provided there is increased vigilance with respect to INR
  • Concurrent nasogastric or gastrostomy tube feeding for dysphagia allowed provided there is no evidence of significant residual mucositis (i.e., > grade 1)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00079053

Locations
Canada
London Regional Cancer Program
London, Canada, N6A 4L6
CHUM - Hopital Notre-Dame
Montreal, Canada, H2L 4M1
Sponsors and Collaborators
NCIC Clinical Trials Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Denis Soulieres, MD, MSC CHUM - Hotel Dieu Hospital
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Ralph Meyer, M.D., NCIC Clinical Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00079053     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HN5, CAN-NCIC-HN5, ROCHE-CAN-NCIC-HN5, CDR0000353485
Study First Received: March 8, 2004
Last Updated: January 18, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by NCIC Clinical Trials Group:
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the nasopharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
salivary gland squamous cell carcinoma
stage III salivary gland cancer
stage IV salivary gland cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Erlotinib
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014