Capecitabine and Tipifarnib in Treating Women With Taxane-Resistant Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00077363
First received: February 10, 2004
Last updated: February 26, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

This phase II trial is studying how well giving capecitabine together with tipifarnib works in treating women with taxane-resistant metastatic breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as capecitabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Tipifarnib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth. Giving capecitabine together with tipifarnib may kill more tumor cells


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Breast Cancer
Stage IV Breast Cancer
Drug: tipifarnib
Drug: capecitabine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Capecitabine in Combination With the Farnesyltransferase Inhibitor, R115777 (Tipifarnib, Zarnestra) in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective response rate (PR+CR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From registration to progression or to death from any cause without documentation of progression, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate distributions.

  • Time to treatment failure (TTF) [ Time Frame: From registration to disease progression, permanent discontinuation of treatment due to toxicity, or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate distributions.

  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate distributions.

  • Incidence of toxicities [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: May 2004
Primary Completion Date: February 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (tipifarnib, capecitabine)
Patients receive oral tipifarnib twice daily and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving a complete response (CR) receive 4 additional courses beyond documentation of CR.
Drug: tipifarnib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • R115777
  • Zarnestra
Drug: capecitabine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CAPE
  • Ro 09-1978/000
  • Xeloda

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. The primary objective of this study is to determine the response rate in patients with taxane-resistant metastatic breast cancer treated with capecitabine plus tipifarnib.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate toxicity in patients with taxane-resistant metastatic breast cancer treated with capecitabine plus tipifarnib.

II. To evaluate progression free survival, time to treatment failure, and overall survival in patients with taxane-resistant metastatic breast cancer treated with capecitabine plus tipifarnib.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive oral tipifarnib twice daily and oral capecitabine twice daily on days 1-14. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients achieving a complete response (CR) receive 4 additional courses beyond documentation of CR.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 1 year.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female patients with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast with manifestations of metastatic progression
  • Patients must have at least one objective measurable disease parameter as defined by RECIST criteria; tumor measurements and evaluation of non-measurable sites must be performed within 4 weeks prior to registration
  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • In order to be eligible for inclusion, patients must meet all of the following criteria with regard to prior cytotoxic therapy: (1) prior treatment with an anthracycline (e.g., doxorubicin, epirubicin) either in the adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting and/or for metastatic disease, (2) prior treatment with a taxane (i.e. paclitaxel, docetaxel) for metastatic disease, or relapse while receiving adjuvant taxane therapy (3) progressive disease while receiving taxane therapy or up to 30 days after receiving the last taxane dose, (4) no more than three prior cytotoxic regimens for metastatic disease, (5) no prior treatment with capecitabine or 5-flourouracil for metastatic disease
  • Prior hormonal therapy in either the metastatic or adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting is allowed, but patients must have been off such therapy for greater than or equal to 1 week prior to registration
  • No prior radiotherapy other than to the conserved breast, to the postmastectomy chest wall or to a limited field involving less than 25% of marrow - containing bone

    • Previously irradiated tumors cannot be used to assess a clinical response; patients will not be eligible for this study if the previously irradiated tumors constitute the only site of measurable disease
  • Patients must not have previously received tipifarnib or other farnesyl transferase inhibitors
  • Patients must be disease-free of prior malignancies for > 5 years with the exception of curatively treated basal or squamous cell carcinomas of the skin or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Patients must have serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dl or measured (or calculated) creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/minute
  • Granulocytes > 1500/mm^3
  • Platelets > 100,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal
  • SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (unless liver is involved by tumor, in which case SGOT (AST) and SGPT (ALT) can be =< 5 x upper limit of normal)
  • Patients must not be pregnant or breastfeeding since there is no information regarding the use of these agents in this population; a negative serum or urine pregnancy test is required within 14 days prior to registration if pre- or perimenopausal (i.e., last menstrual period within one year of registration)
  • Women of childbearing potential are strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
  • Patients with current or previously treated brain metastases are ineligible; patients who are taking enzyme inducing anticonvulsant medications are also not eligible (e.g., phenobarbital, phenytoin)
  • Patients must not have had prior organ allograft or received immunosuppressive therapy
  • Patients must not have any uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, chronic nausea/vomiting, complete or partial bowel obstruction, dysphagia/odynophagia with inability to swallow pills, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic cardiovascular disease, or other chronic medical or psychiatric conditions that would impair compliance or would substantially increase the risk of participating in this study
  • Patients must not have received previous treatment with cytotoxic drugs, and/or radiotherapy < 4 weeks prior to registration; concurrent radiation therapy is not permitted
  • Because of the potential for a drug interaction between warfarin and both tipifarnib and capecitabine, patients taking warfarin adjusted to an elevated INR are not eligible; patients taking prophylactic low-dose warfarin (i.e., 1 mg daily) are eligible, but a PT and INR are required within 2 weeks of registration and must be normal
  • Patients with CTC v 3.0 grade 2-4 neuropathy are not eligible
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00077363

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: William Gradishar Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00077363     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02973, E1103, U10CA021115, CDR0000350219
Study First Received: February 10, 2004
Last Updated: February 26, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Tipifarnib
Capecitabine
Fluorouracil
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 20, 2014