Idarubicin, Cytarabine, and Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Acute Myeloid Leukemia Secondary to Myelodysplastic Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00077116
First received: February 10, 2004
Last updated: July 13, 2012
Last verified: July 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as idarubicin and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies, such as gemtuzumab ozogamicin, can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Giving monoclonal antibody therapy together with chemotherapy may kill more cancer cells. Giving healthy stem cells from a donor whose blood closely resembles the patient's blood will help the patient's bone marrow make new stem cells that become red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving idarubicin and cytarabine together with gemtuzumab ozogamicin works in treating patients with previously untreated high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia secondary to myelodysplastic syndrome.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Drug: busulfan
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: gemtuzumab ozogamicin
Drug: idarubicin
Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Idarubicin and Ara-C in Combination With Gemtuzumab-Ozogamicin (IAGO) for Young Untreated Patients, Without an HLA Identical Sibling, With High Risk MDS or AML Developing After a Preceding Period With MDS During 6 Months Duration: A Phase II Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Rate of complete remission (CR) or complete remission with incomplete recovery of platelets (CRp) as measured by Cheson response criteria after the start of treatment [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Severe toxicity after the start of treatment [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-free survival from CR/CRp [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Duration of overall survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Severity of pancytopenia and duration of recovery in patients who reached CR/CRp after the start of treatment [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 31
Study Start Date: November 2003
Primary Completion Date: November 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the feasibility of combining gemtuzumab ozogamicin with idarubicin and cytarabine with or without cyclophosphamide with total body irradiation vs busulfan followed by allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with previously untreated high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia secondary to MDS.
  • Determine the toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the antileukemic/anti-MDS activity of this regimen in these patients.

Secondary

  • Determine the hepatotoxicity of this regimen, in terms of veno-occlusive disease, in these patients.
  • Determine the severity of pancytopenia and duration of recovery in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups.

  • Group 1 (for patients with no HLA-matched sibling donor): Patients receive remission-induction chemotherapy comprising idarubicin IV over 5 minutes on days 1, 3, and 5; cytarabine IV continuously over 24 hours on days 1-10; and gemtuzumab ozogamicin IV over 2 hours on day 7. Treatment continues for a second course in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.
  • Group 2 (for patients with an HLA-matched sibling donor): Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

    • Arm I: Patients receive myeloablative consolidation chemotherapy comprising cyclophosphamide on days -6 and -5 and total body irradiation twice daily on days -4 to -2.
    • Arm II: Patients receive myeloablative consolidation chemotherapy comprising busulfan on days -8 to -5 and cyclophosphamide on days -4 and -3.

Patients in both arms may alternatively undergo T-cell depletion and/or a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen.

Approximately 4-8 weeks after completion of consolidation chemotherapy, all patients in group 2 undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation or allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Patients in group 2 then proceed to remission-induction chemotherapy as in group 1.

Patients achieving complete remission are recommended for consolidation therapy off study.

Patients are followed monthly for 6 months, every 2 months for 6 months, and then every 3 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 28 patients will be accrued for this study within 10 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of 1 of the following:

    • High-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), including any of the following:

      • Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) with > 10% blast cells in the bone marrow
      • RAEB in transformation
      • Other forms of MDS with multiple (3 or more) chromosomal abnormalities or chromosome 7 abnormalities AND/OR profound cytopenias, defined as neutrophil count < 500/mm^3 and/or platelet count < 20,000/mm^3
      • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with > 5% blast cells in the bone marrow
      • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with neutrophil count > 16,000/mm^3 OR monocyte count > 2,600/mm^3
    • Secondary acute myeloid leukemia supervening after overt MDS of more than 6 months in duration
  • Patients with or without an HLA-identical sibling
  • No active CNS leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 16 to 70

Performance status

  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • See Disease Characteristics

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

Renal

  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN

Cardiovascular

  • No severe cardiovascular disease
  • No arrhythmias requiring chronic treatment
  • No congestive heart failure
  • No symptomatic ischemic heart disease

Pulmonary

  • No severe lung disease

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No HIV positivity
  • No other concurrent malignant disease
  • No active uncontrolled infection
  • No history of alcohol abuse (i.e., averaged less than 5 alcoholic consumptions daily for the past year)
  • No concurrent severe neurological or psychiatric disease
  • No other psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • More than 6 weeks since prior growth factors

Chemotherapy

  • No prior intensive chemotherapy
  • More than 6 weeks since prior low-dose chemotherapy or hydroxyurea

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • More than 6 weeks since prior immunosuppressants
  • No prior participation in this clinical study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00077116

Locations
Belgium
AZ Sint-Jan
Brugge, Belgium, 8000
Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc
Brussels, Belgium, 1200
Institut Jules Bordet
Brussels, Belgium, 1000
H. Hartziekenhuis - Roeselaere.
Roeselare, Belgium, 8800
Germany
Ruprecht - Karls - Universitaet Heidelberg
Heidelberg, Germany, D-69117
Netherlands
Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1091 HA
Leiden University Medical Center
Leiden, Netherlands, 2300 CA
Universitair Medisch Centrum St. Radboud - Nijmegen
Nijmegen, Netherlands, NL-6500 HB
Switzerland
Universitaetsspital-Basel
Basel, Switzerland, CH-4031
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Investigators
Study Chair: Theo De Witte, MD, PhD Universitair Medisch Centrum St. Radboud - Nijmegen
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00077116     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-06013, EORTC-06013
Study First Received: February 10, 2004
Last Updated: July 13, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
refractory anemia with excess blasts
refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
de novo myelodysplastic syndromes
secondary myelodysplastic syndromes
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(15;17)(q22;q12)
childhood myelodysplastic syndromes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Leukemia
Syndrome
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Cyclophosphamide
Cytarabine
Gemtuzumab
Idarubicin
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014