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Rimonabant to Reduce Alcohol Consumption

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Sanofi-Synthelabo
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00075205
First received: January 5, 2004
Last updated: June 4, 2010
Last verified: June 2010
  Purpose

This study will examine whether Rimonabant, a drug that blocks cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptors in the brain, affects alcohol consumption. Substances called endocannabinoids, which have many of the same effects of marijuana, bind to CB1 receptors. Animal studies show that when CB1 receptors are blocked, the animals consume less alcohol.

Healthy normal volunteers between 21 and 40 years of age who consume between 20 and 40 alcoholic drinks per week, drink at least 4 days a week, and are not seeking treatment for alcoholism may be eligible for this study. Candidates are screened with a medical history, including questions about alcohol and drug use, physical examination, blood and urine tests, breath alcohol test, and electrocardiogram.

Participants are asked about their mental health history and use of alcohol, cigarettes and illicit drugs, and fill out questionnaires evaluating their emotional state and personality. Then, they begin a baseline evaluation in which they call a number at the NIH Clinical Center for 21 days to report how much alcohol they drank that day. One week after starting the baseline evaluation, they are randomly assigned to take either Rimonabant or placebo (a pill with no active ingredient) for 2 weeks. Before starting the drug, they have a urine drug screen and measurement of blood alcohol level. After 1 week on the test medication, they return to the Clinical Center to monitor drug or placebo side effects, if any, and to have a blood alcohol level test, urine drug screen, and blood tests for routine blood chemistries. After 2 weeks on the test medication, they come to the Clinical Center at noon for an alcohol self-administration test. Before the test, they are given a breath alcohol test and a urine drug test. The results of both tests must be negative to continue in the study.

The alcohol self-administration test is videotaped. A heparin lock is placed in a vein in the participant's arm. This small needle remains in the arm for the duration of the study to avoid multiple needle sticks for blood draws. Blood is drawn periodically during the test to determine routine laboratory values, cotinine level (assessment of smoking status), the amount of Rimonabant or placebo in the body, and levels of various hormones. Thirty minutes before the test begins and every 30 minutes during the test, participants complete questionnaires and rating scales regarding their mood and desire to drink. Five minutes before the test be...


Condition Intervention Phase
Healthy
Alcohol Drinking
Drug: SR141716 (Rimonabant)
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Trial of the Cannabinoid CB1 Receptor Antagonist, SR141716 (Rimonabant), to Reduce Voluntary Ethanol Drinking in Healthy, Non-Treatment Seeking Individuals Who Consume Between 20 and 50 Drinks Per Week

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Enrollment: 54
Study Start Date: December 2003
Study Completion Date: March 2007
Primary Completion Date: March 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: SR141716 (Rimonabant)
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Recent studies show that endogenous cannabinoids modulate appetitive behaviors. For example, an antagonist of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor, SR141716, decreases food intake in animals as well as in humans and decreases alcohol consumption in rodent models of voluntary ethanol consumption. In this protocol, individuals consuming between 20 and 40 alcohol drinks per week, and who are not seeking alcohol treatment, will be recruited from the community. Following a one week baseline evaluation, participants will be randomized according to a double-blind design to receive either placebo or SR141716 for two additional weeks prior to being admitted to the hospital to participate in an alcohol self-administration experiment. The design of this experiment has been previously shown by O'Malley et al. (1) to be an effective paradigm to study the effects of medication on alcohol consumption. Following baseline psychological and endocrine measures, participants will receive a priming dose of ethanol designed to raise the breath alcohol levels (BAL) to 0.03 g/dl and then have the opportunity to consume up to eight drinks or to receive $3 dollars for each drink not consumed over a two hour period. It is hypothesized that participants receiving SR141716, compared to those receiving placebo, will have decreased alcohol consumption. Following the study, each participant will be carefully counseled about their alcohol consumption and provided referrals for alcohol treatment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA

Male and female healthy participants, between 21 and 45 years of age.

Weight and Body Mass Index:

Males: between 60 kg and 90 kg; Body Mass Index between 18 and 28.

Females: between 45 kg and 80 kg; Body Mass Index between 18 and 28.

Certified as healthy by a comprehensive clinical assessment (detailed medical history and complete physical examination).

Normal vital signs after 10 minutes in supine position:

systolic blood pressure between 95 mmHg and 140 mmHg,

diastolic blood pressure between 50 mmHg and 90 mmHg,

heart rate between 45 bpm and 90 bpm.

Normal 12-lead EKG, PR less than 210 ms, QRS less than 120 ms, QTcB(1) less than or equal to 430 ms for male and less than or equal to 450 ms for female (incomplete right bundle branch block can be accepted).

Laboratory results should be within the normal range. Laboratory results which are found to be marginally outside the normal range (i.e., minor variances in the complete blood count (CBC) or electrolytes) will be clinically evaluated for relevance to this protocol. Liver functions must be less than two times normal.

Written informed consent prior to study participation.

Female participants of childbearing capability must use a double contraceptive method (such as oral contraceptives, condom with spermicide or intra-uterine device with spermicide) from the start of the study until two months post medication trial.

Normal dietary habits and willingness to abstain from grapefruit juice consumption during the study. (Grapefruit juice inhibits hepatic enzymes which could potentially interfere with the metabolism of SR141716.)

Must agree to abstain from the use of illicit drugs for the duration of the study.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Any history or presence of significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastro-intestinal, hepatic, renal, metabolic, hematological, neurologic (including any history of convulsions), systemic, infectious diseases, or psychiatric disorders (i.e., a current diagnosis of major depression, panic disorder, eating disorders, or history of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or obsessive compulsive disorder). Individuals who report suicidal ideation or who have a past history of suicide attempts.

Frequent headaches and/or migraine, recurrent nausea and/or vomiting.

Symptomatic hypotension whenever the decrease of blood pressure or asymptomatic postural hypotension defined by a decrease in systolic blood pressure (SBP) equal to or greater than 20 mmHg within two minutes when changing from the supine to the standing position.

Blood donation within three months before administration.

Presence or history of any allergy or unusual reactions to drugs or anesthetics that would suggest the participant could have a problem tolerating SR141716 or placebo.

A participant who, in the judgment of the Investigator, is likely to be non-compliant, is violent when drinking, or is unable to cooperate because of a language problem or poor mental development.

Participant who cannot be contacted in case of emergency.

Currently taking any prescription medications or over-the-counter medications on a regular basis. Participants will be allowed to take an occasional pain medication or an antibiotic, if they get sick during their participation in the protocol.

Excessive consumption of beverages with xanthine bases (greater than 6 cups or glasses/day).

Female participants who have a positive Beta-HCG test (urine and/or plasma) or who are lactating.

Positive reaction to any of the following tests: HBs antigen, anti-HCVantibody, anti-HIV1 antibodies, anti-HIV2 antibodies. (Hepatitis could interfere with the metabolism of SR141716 in the liver. HIV could alter brain function.)

Positive results of screening for drugs of abuse (amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, cocaine, or opiates).

A DSM-IV diagnosis of illicit drug dependence in the last 6 months.

Participants who come to the NIAAA Clinic and evidence withdrawal symptoms that result in a score of 8 or above on the CIWA Instrument.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00075205

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanofi-Synthelabo
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Regina Clementi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00075205     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 040072, 04-AA-0072
Study First Received: January 5, 2004
Last Updated: June 4, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Alcohol Consumption
Alcohol Treatment
Medication Trial
Craving
Cannabinoids
CB 1 Receptor Antagonist
SR141716
Alcoholism

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcohol Drinking
Drinking Behavior
Rimonabant
Cannabinoid Receptor Antagonists
Cannabinoid Receptor Modulators
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 24, 2014