Health Beliefs and Health Behaviors Among Minorities With Rheumatic Diseases
This study will explore the diverse health beliefs and behaviors among minority patients with rheumatic diseases. These diseases may cause joint pain, stiffness or swelling. Some can involve bones, muscles, tendons or ligaments. Some cause abnormalities of the immune system-the body's defense against disease. Some rheumatic diseases are painful or deforming and some can be life-threatening. Many rheumatic diseases occur more often and more severely in certain minority communities. This study will explore psychosocial and cultural factors related to rheumatic disease in minorities.
Patients enrolled in the NIAMS protocol Natural History or Rheumatic Disease in Minority Communities (protocol #01-AR-0227) may participate in this study. Participants will be evaluated at the NIAMS Community Health Center at the Upper Cardozo Health Center in Washington, D.C.
Participants will be interviewed about individual and community health behavior, and health beliefs about rheumatic disease and its effects on several areas of their life, including mood and physical activity. The interview will be in one of the following formats: 1) in-depth cognitive interview, 2) focus group, or 3) face-to-face interview, as follows:
In-Depth Cognitive Interview
Participants take part in a one-time interview conducted by one investigator, observed by another, and tape recorded. The interview lasts from 1 to 2 hours.
Participants take part in a group interview of from 6 to 10 people during a one-time tape-recorded session that lasts from 2 to 2-1/2 hours. The group discussion is led by a moderator and a facilitator, who takes notes and makes observations.
Face-to Face Interview
Participants are interviewed twice - first upon enrollment at the NIAMS Community Health Center and again after 6 months' follow-up at the Center.
|Official Title:||Health Beliefs and Health Behavior Practices Among Minorities With Rheumatic Diseases|
|Study Start Date:||September 2003|
Rheumatic diseases are among the most common health problems in the United States. They are a diverse group of disorders, with several shared characteristics. Marked differences in the incidence, prevalence, severity, processes of care, and outcomes in a number of rheumatic conditions exist among racial and ethnic groups as compared to white Americans. Furthermore, access to health care and treatment also differs in the minority community as compared with the majority.
The effects of the disease may be modifiable by changes in life style, diet, activities and exercise. Such changes are difficult for patients to accomplish and various strategies have been developed to facilitate success. Strategies include educational materials and programs, diet and exercise programs, patient support and empowerment programs and the like. Differences in culture and environment, lack of culturally sensitive materials and approaches, and lack of trained personnel may make these tools ineffective in the minority community. Their effectiveness in the African-American or Latino clinic population has not been assessed to date.
This is a descriptive, exploratory study designed to examine the diverse health beliefs and behaviors among the minority patients who are enrolled in the NIAMS Natural History of Rheumatic Disease in Minority Communities protocol (# 01-AR-0227). Qualitative and quantitative methodology will be used to assess the psychosocial and cultural correlates of rheumatic diseases in newly enrolled patients both at intake and after six months of being followed at the NIAMS Community Health Center, an outreach site located in the District of Columbia in the Upper Cardozo Health Center.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Gwenyth R Wallen, Ph.D.||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|