Radiation Therapy Plus Cisplatin and Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Cervical Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gynecologic Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00068549
First received: September 10, 2003
Last updated: August 19, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining cisplatin with gemcitabine may make the tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy and may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of gemcitabine when given together with radiation therapy and cisplatin in treating patients with cervical cancer that has not spread beyond the pelvis.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cervical Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Radiation: brachytherapy
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Whole Pelvic Radiation Therapy With Concomitant Cisplatin and Gemcitabine Chemotherapy in Patients With Cervical Carcinoma (Stages I-IV) Limited to the Pelvis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Gynecologic Oncology Group:

Estimated Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: December 2003
Primary Completion Date: January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the toxicity of pelvic radiotherapy and concurrent cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with cervical carcinoma limited to the pelvis.
  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of gemcitabine in combination with cisplatin and pelvic radiotherapy in these patients.

Secondary

  • Determine the progression-free and overall survival of patients treated with gemcitabine at the MTD in this regimen.
  • Determine the site of recurrence, local versus distant, in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of gemcitabine.

Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, and 36 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo external whole pelvis radiotherapy once daily on days 1-5, 8-13, 15-20, 22-27, and 29-34. After completion of external beam radiotherapy, patients undergo intracavitary radiotherapy and parametrial radiotherapy. The total elapsed time for completion of all radiotherapy is not more than 8 weeks.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of gemcitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which 1 of 6 patients experiences dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-24 patients will be accrued for this study within 1-24 months.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed primary invasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix

    • Previously untreated disease
    • Any cell type
    • Stage IB_2, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, or IVA
  • Para-aortic lymph nodes negative by radiologic evaluation or by biopsy if CT scan is suspicious for adenopathy
  • No known metastases to scalene nodes or other organs outside the radiotherapy field
  • Study enrollment within 8 weeks of diagnosis

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • Not specified

Performance status

  • GOG 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal
  • SGOT no greater than 3 times normal

Renal

  • Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL
  • No renal abnormalities (e.g., pelvic kidney, horseshoe kidney, or renal transplantation) that would require modification of radiotherapy fields
  • No ureteral obstruction allowed unless treated with stent or nephrostomy tube

Other

  • Not pregnant
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No septicemia or severe infection
  • No circumstance that would preclude study completion or follow-up
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • No prior pelvic or abdominal radiotherapy

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • No prior therapy for this malignancy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00068549

Locations
United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Cancer Research Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637-1470
United States, Indiana
Indiana University Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202-5289
United States, Iowa
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Louisiana
Ochsner Cancer Institute at Ochsner Clinic Foundation
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70121
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231-2410
United States, New Jersey
Cancer Institute of New Jersey at Cooper - Voorhees
Voorhees, New Jersey, United States, 08043
United States, Ohio
MetroHealth's Cancer Care Center at MetroHealth Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44109
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute at Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210-1240
Lake/University Ireland Cancer Center
Mentor, Ohio, United States, 44060
United States, Oklahoma
Oklahoma University Medical Center
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
Cancer Care Associates - Midtown Tulsa
Tulsa, Oklahoma, United States, 74104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gynecologic Oncology Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Peter G. Rose, MD MetroHealth Cancer Care Center at MetroHealth Medical Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Rose PG, DeGeest K, McMeekin DS, et al.: A phase I study of concomitant cisplatin and gemcitabine chemotherapy with whole-pelvis radiation therapy in locally advanced cervical cancer: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study. [Abstract] Society of Gynecologic Oncologists, 2007 Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer, March 3-7, 2007, San Diego, CA. A-205, 2007.

Responsible Party: Gynecologic Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00068549     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GOG-9912, CDR0000327715, NCI-2012-02553
Study First Received: September 10, 2003
Last Updated: August 19, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: National Cancer Institute

Keywords provided by Gynecologic Oncology Group:
cervical squamous cell carcinoma
cervical adenocarcinoma
cervical adenosquamous cell carcinoma
cervical small cell carcinoma
stage IB cervical cancer
stage IIA cervical cancer
stage IIB cervical cancer
stage III cervical cancer
stage IVA cervical cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Gemcitabine
Cisplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014