Radiation Therapy With or Without Bicalutamide and Goserelin in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving radiation therapy in different ways may cause less damage to normal tissue and may improve quality of life and help patients live more comfortably. Androgens can stimulate the growth of prostate cancer cells. Drugs such as goserelin and bicalutamide may fight cancer by stopping the production of androgens. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy is more effective with or without goserelin and bicalutamide in treating prostate cancer.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of high-dose radiation therapy with or without bicalutamide and goserelin in treating patients who have prostate cancer.
Drug: goserelin acetate
Procedure: assessment of therapy complications
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Radiation: radiation therapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase III Randomized Trial Study Comparing the Outcome of High-Dose IMRT (86.4 GY) Alone With IMRT to 75.6 GY Plus Neoadjuvant/Adjuvant Androgen Deprivation in Patients With High Grade Intermediate Risk and Unfavorable Risk Prostate Cancer|
- compare the quality of life [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- response [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- toxicity [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||May 2003|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: IMRT alone to 86.4 Gy
External radiotherapy is given for 10 weeks, Monday through Friday for a total of 48 sessions. The total dose of radiotherapy delivered during these 10 weeks is 86.4 Gy. The radiation treatments are delivered with a high precision technique called intensity modulated radiotherapy or IMRT. For this treatment, no hormonal therapy is required.
|Procedure: assessment of therapy complications Procedure: quality-of-life assessment Radiation: radiation therapy|
Experimental: IMRT TO 75.6 Gy plus Adjuvant Androgen Deprivation
Prior to a planned course of radiotherapy, which will last for eight and a half weeks, 10 weeks of hormonal therapy are given. The hormonal therapy will start with a daily pill called Casodex. Three to seven days after starting this pill, a Zoladex injection will be administered in addition to the Casodex pill. Zoladex hormonal therapy is given in the form of a monthly injection. After 10 weeks from the initiation of hormone therapy, you will begin external radiotherapy. For these treatments only 42 treatment sessions are given. The total dose of radiotherapy delivered during these 8.5 weeks is 75.6 Gy. The hormone injections continue during the radiation treatments and for 2 years after the radiation treatments. The pills are only taken for the 10 weeks before and also during the radiation treatments, however afterwards the pills are discontinued.
|Drug: bicalutamide Drug: goserelin acetate Procedure: assessment of therapy complications Procedure: quality-of-life assessment Radiation: radiation therapy|
- Compare the quality of life of patients with high-grade intermediate-risk or unfavorable-risk adenocarcinoma of the prostate when treated with high-dose intensity-modulated radiotherapy alone versus with androgen deprivation comprising bicalutamide and goserelin.
- Compare the prostate-specific antigen relapse-free, distant metastases-free, and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
- Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
- Compare the local control in patients treated with these regimens, based on post-treatment sextant biopsies performed 4 years after study completion.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to prostate-specific antigen level, Gleason score, and clinical stage. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients undergo high-dose intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) 4-5 times per week for 10 weeks (a total of 48 treatments).
- Arm II: Patients receive oral bicalutamide once daily for 18.5 weeks. Three to seven days after the initiation of bicalutamide, patients also receive goserelin subcutaneously monthly for 2 years. Beginning after 10 weeks of hormonal therapy, patients undergo concurrent high-dose IMRT 4-5 times per week for 8.5 weeks (a total of 42 treatments). Patients discontinue bicalutamide on or near the end of radiotherapy.
In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Quality of life is assessed at baseline, every 3 months for 1.5 years after the completion of radiotherapy, then 6 months later, and then annually for 2 years.
Patients are followed every 6-8 months for 4 years and then annually for 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 400 patients (200 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 4-5 years.
|United States, New York|
|Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10021|
|Principal Investigator:||Michael J. Zelefsky, MD||Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center|