Maintenance Treatment for Abstinent Smokers
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of long-term pharmacotherapy (using Zyban and/or nicotine replacement) for reducing the relapse rate associated with stopping smoking.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Maintenance Treatment for Prevention of Smoking Relapse|
- Survival abstinence rate with maintenance treatment [ Time Frame: 48 weeks after start of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||August 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Bupropion
Bupropion (brand name Zyban Sustained Release). Participants used bupropion SR 150 mg twice daily during the 16-week maintenance treatment.
Active Comparator: Nicotine gum
Nicotine gum (brand name Nicorette) During the maintenance 16-week maintenance treatment phase, participants assigned to this arm received 2 mg. nicotine gum.
Active Comparator: Bupropion+Nicotine Gum
Combined active treatments: Bupropion (Zyban SR) and nicotine gum (Nicorette). Participants were instructed to use the 150 mg bupropion pill twice daily and the 2 mg. gum as needed during the 16-week maintenance treatment phase.
Placebo Comparator: Double placebo
Placebo gum + placebo pill. Identical placebo pill was used twice daily and identical placebo gum was used as needed.
The goal of this study was to assess relapse prevention outcomes among individuals able to stop smoking when pharmacotherapy is extended beyond the standard duration of treatment. We hypothesized that maintenance treatment with prolonged bupropion use and/or "as needed" use of nicotine gum will reduce relapse to smoking. Participants were recruited through advertisements on radio, television, newspapers, the Internet, and various community outlets. Respondents were pre-screened by telephone using a standard interview. The first participant entered the OLT phase in February 2001; the final NTFU visit took place in October 2005.
The study was multi-phased consisting of: 1) eight-week open-label treatment (OLT) with bupropion and nicotine patch; 2) randomized double-blind assignment of OLT successes to 16 weeks of placebo-controlled maintenance treatment (MT); and 3) 24 weeks of non-treatment follow-up (NTFU). Participants received $25 compensation for completing the NTFU visits at Weeks 36 and 48. The Institutional Review Board of the New York State Psychiatric Institute approved the study. The study was performed at the Columbia University Medical Center Smoking Cessation Clinic in New York City.
|United States, New York|
|New York State Psychiatric Institute|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|Principal Investigator:||Lirio S. S Covey, Ph.D.||Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene, Inc.|