Comparison of Two Radiation Therapy Regimens in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Prostate Cancer
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays and other sources of radiation to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known which radiation therapy regimen is more effective in treating prostate cancer.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is comparing two different regimens of radiation therapy to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II or stage III prostate cancer.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase III Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy Dose Escalation Trial for Prostate Cancer Using Hypofractionation|
- Freedom from biochemical and/or disease failure rates [ Time Frame: weekly during treatment, at 3 months, 6 months or 2 years then yearly ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2002|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: CIMRT
76 Gy in 38 fractions
|Radiation: radiation therapy|
70.2 Gy in 26 fractions
|Radiation: radiation therapy|
- Compare the efficacy of conventional intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) vs hypofractionated IMRT, in terms of freedom from biochemical failure in men with intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer.
- Compare the local control, freedom from distant metastasis, and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
- Determine local failure, using biopsy of the prostate, when objective tests (prostate-specific antigen, ultrasound, and digital rectal exam) suggest relapse in these patients.
- Compare the extent of disease eradication using biopsy of the prostate at 2 years after therapy in these patients.
- Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.
- Determine the impact of these regimens on patient preferences and utilities.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (no greater than 10 ng/mL vs greater than 10 to 20 ng/mL vs greater than 20 ng/mL), Gleason score (5-7 vs 8-10), and risk status (high risk vs intermediate risk). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients undergo conventional intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) 5 days a week for 7.5 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Arm II: Patients undergo hypofractionated IMRT 5 days a week for 5 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients with high-risk disease also undergo androgen deprivation therapy for 2 years.
Quality of life is assessed at baseline, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually for 4 years.
Patients are followed at 3 months, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 300 patients (150 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Fox Chase Cancer Center - Philadelphia|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19111-2497|
|Principal Investigator:||Mark Buyyounouski, MD||Fox Chase Cancer Center|