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Cyclophosphamide and Fludarabine Followed By Interleukin-2 Gene-Modified Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Identifier:
First received: June 5, 2003
Last updated: July 11, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Inserting the gene for interleukin-2 into a person's tumor infiltrating lymphocytes may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Combining cyclophosphamide and fludarabine with gene-modified tumor cells may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of gene-modified tumor infiltrating lymphocytes when given together with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine and to see how well they work in patients with metastatic melanoma (phase I is closed to accrual 3/29/06).

Condition Intervention Phase
Melanoma (Skin)
Biological: aldesleukin
Biological: filgrastim
Biological: incomplete Freund's adjuvant
Biological: interleukin-2 gene
Biological: therapeutic tumor infiltrating lymphocytes
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TIL Cells) Transduced With An Interleukin-2 (SBIL-2) Gene Following The Administration Of A Nonmyeloablative But Lymphocyte Depleting Regimen in Metastatic Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical tumor regression [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity profile [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 33
Study Start Date: June 2003
Study Completion Date: September 2008
Primary Completion Date: February 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:



  • Determine the survival of patients with metastatic melanoma administered interleukin-2 gene-modified tumor infiltrating lymphocytes after cyclophosphamide and fludarabine.
  • Compare survival results with prior Surgery Branch studies using adoptive cell therapy without the interleukin-2 retroviral vector (SBIL-2) gene.


  • Determine clinical tumor regression in patients administered interleukin-2 gene-modified TIL after cyclophosphamide and fludarabine followed by interleukin-2.
  • Determine the toxicity profile of this regimen in these patients.


  • Phase I (closed to accrual as of 3/29/06):

    • Harvest: TIL are harvested, transduced with IL-2 gene, and expanded in vitro over a period of approximately 4 weeks.
    • Nonmyeloablative preparative regimen (chemotherapy): Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -7 and -6 and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days -5 to -1.
    • Lymphocyte administration: Patients receive IL-2 gene-transduced TIL IV over 20-30 minutes on day 0. They also receive high-dose IL-2 IV over 15 minutes every 8 hours on days 0 -5 (maximum 15 doses). Beginning 1-2 days after lymphocyte administration, patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) daily, , until blood counts recover.
    • Retreatment: Patients are re-evaluated every 4-6 weeks. Retreatment depends on disease status after each regimen. Patients with dose-limiting toxicity do not receive further treatment.

      • No response: Patients with stable disease or disease progression after the initial treatment are followed or removed from the study.
      • Partial response: Patients with a partial or minor response after the initial treatment may receive retreatment, approximately 2-4 weeks later, with chemotherapy, IL-2 gene-transduced TIL, immunization, and high-dose IL-2 as above, every 4-6 weeks for up to 2 courses provided at least a partial response is documented after each regimen.
      • Complete response: Patients with a complete response receive no further treatment.
  • Phase II: Patients receive treatment and retreatment as in phase I with the MTD of IL-2 gene-transduced TIL.

Patients are followed every 3-6 weeks in the absence disease progression.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 33 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of melanoma

    • Metastatic disease
    • Refractory to standard therapy including high-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy
  • Evaluable disease
  • Patients may enroll at the cell infusion stage provided they have tumor available for biopsy OR expandable SBIL-2-transduced tumor infiltrating lymphocytes available
  • Progressive disease during prior immunization to melanoma antigens or cellular therapy, with or without myeloablation, allowed
  • Symptomatic CNS lesions allowed provided immediate active treatment for symptomatic lesions has been completed



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • More than 3 months


  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm^3
  • WBC greater than 3,000/mm^3
  • Lymphocyte count greater than 500/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 8.0 g/dL
  • No coagulation disorder


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL (less than 3.0 mg/dL in patients with Gilbert's syndrome)
  • AST/ALT less than 3 times upper limit of normal
  • Hepatitis B surface antigen negative
  • Hepatitis C virus negative


  • Creatinine no greater than 1.6 mg/dL


  • No myocardial infarction
  • No cardiac arrhythmias
  • No abnormal stress thallium or comparable test
  • LVEF > 45% and normal stress cardiac test in patients with the following criteria:

    • 50 years old or greater
    • History of EKG abnormalities, symptoms of cardiac ischemia or arrhythmias
  • No major cardiovascular illness


  • No obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease
  • No major respiratory illness
  • FEV_1 > 60% predicted in patients with prolonged history of cigarette smoking or symptoms of respiratory dysfunction


  • HIV negative
  • No prior severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction
  • No primary or secondary immunodeficiency
  • No active systemic infection
  • No concurrent opportunistic infection
  • No major immune system illness


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 4 months after study therapy
  • Must sign a durable power of attorney


Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antibody-4 antibody (CTLA-4) allowed unless post-MDX010 treatment and colonoscopy with colonic biopsies are normal


  • Recovered from prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent steroids


  • Recovered from prior radiotherapy


  • Not specified


  • More than 4 weeks since prior systemic therapy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00062036

United States, Maryland
NCI - Center for Cancer Research
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Trials Referral Office
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD NCI - Surgery Branch
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Steven A. Rosenberg, M.D./National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health Identifier: NCT00062036     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00059163
Other Study ID Numbers: 030162, 03-C-0162, NCI-5855, CDR0000304438
Study First Received: June 5, 2003
Last Updated: July 11, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
stage IV melanoma
recurrent melanoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Nevi and Melanomas
Fludarabine phosphate
Freund's Adjuvant
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Alkylating Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antirheumatic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on November 20, 2014