Brostallicin in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00060203
First received: May 6, 2003
Last updated: January 14, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as brostallicin use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of brostallicin in treating patients who have recurrent or refractory multiple myeloma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Drug: brostallicin
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Brostallicin (PNU-166196A) in Adult Patients With Multiple Myeloma That Has Progressed on Prior Chemotherapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective Tumor Response Rate [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    • Determine the objective tumor response rate (confirmed complete response and confirmed partial response) of brostallicin in patients with recurrent or refractory multiple myeloma


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose of brostallicin [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Time to response [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to treatment failure [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to tumor progression [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 3
Study Start Date: December 2002
Study Completion Date: April 2004
Primary Completion Date: March 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Brostallicin Drug: brostallicin

Patients receive brostallicin IV over 10-30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of brostallicin until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.


Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the objective tumor response rate (confirmed complete response and confirmed partial response) of brostallicin in patients with recurrent or refractory multiple myeloma.
  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine the time to and duration of response, time to treatment failure, time to tumor progression, and survival in patients treated with this drug.
  • Determine the safety and tolerability of this drug in these patients.
  • Determine the pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients.
  • Correlate baseline whole blood levels and activity of glutathione with clinical outcome in patients treated with this drug.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation study.

  • Phase I: Patients receive brostallicin IV over 10-30 minutes on day 1. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of brostallicin until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

  • Phase II: Additional patients are accrued and treated at the MTD of brostallicin as in phase I.

Patients are followed every 2 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 23-52 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma based on prior or current demonstration of the following criteria*:

    • Major criteria:

      • Plasmacytoma on tissue biopsy
      • Bone marrow plasmacytosis with at least 30% plasma cells
      • Monoclonal globulin spike on serum electrophoresis exceeding 3.5 g/dL for IgG peaks or 2.0 g/dL for IgA peaks; greater than 1,000 mg/24hr of kappa or gamma light chain excretion on urine electrophoresis in the absence of amyloidosis
    • Minor criteria:

      • Bone marrow plasmacytosis with 10% to 30% plasma cells
      • Monoclonal globulin spike present but less than levels in major criterion III above
      • Lytic bone lesions
      • Residual normal immunoglobulin M (IgM) no greater than 0.5 g/dL, IgA no greater than 0.1 g/dL, or IgG no greater than 0.6 g/dL NOTE: *Diagnosis of multiple myeloma requires a minimum of 1 major and 1 minor criterion (I and a together is not sufficient; must be I and b, I and c, I and d; II and b, II and c, II and d; III and a, III and c, III and d) or 3 minor criteria that must include a and b (a, b, and c; a, b, and d)
  • Measurable disease defined by 1 of the following values:

    • Serum myeloma (M) protein (IgG or IgA) level greater than 1.0 g/dL
    • Urine M protein (light chain disease) at least 300 mg/24hr
    • Soft tissue plasmacytoma with bidimensional measurement at least 20 x 20 mm (10 x 10 mm if spiral CT scan is used)
  • Must have progressed during or within 12 months of discontinuing prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy (e.g., vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone (VAD) or melphalan) OR not responded after 2 courses of prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy
  • No indolent or smoldering myeloma or localized plasmacytoma
  • No known brain or leptomeningeal disease unless such lesions were previously irradiated, are currently not being treated with corticosteroids, and are associated with no clinical symptoms

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2

Life expectancy

  • At least 12 weeks

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3 (at least 1,000/mm^3 if neutropenia due to replacement of the normal bone marrow cells by myeloma cells)
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 (at least 50,000/mm^3 if thrombocytopenia due to replacement of the normal bone marrow cells by myeloma cells)
  • Hemoglobin at least 8.0 g/dL (no transfusion allowed)
  • No hyperviscosity syndrome

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) no greater than 2.5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2.5 times ULN

Renal

  • Creatinine no greater than 3.0 times ULN
  • Calcium no greater than 12 mg/dL

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plan, laboratory tests, and sampling for study analysis
  • HIV negative
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No AIDS-related illness
  • No active infectious process or other severe concurrent disease that would make the patient inappropriate for study entry
  • No mental incapacity or psychiatric illness that would preclude giving informed consent or completing follow-up

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • See Chemotherapy
  • No concurrent anticancer biological response modifiers
  • No concurrent immunotherapy
  • No concurrent sargramostim (GM-CSF)

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • More than 2 years since prior high-dose chemotherapy with autologous bone marrow transplantation or stem cell support
  • More than 4 weeks since prior myelosuppressive chemotherapy
  • No other concurrent anticancer chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No concurrent anticancer hormonal therapy
  • No concurrent chronic steroids

    • Acute pulse dosing required for treatment of a concurrent medical condition is allowed, provided treatment duration is no greater than 2 weeks
  • No concurrent corticosteroids (e.g., dexamethasone)

Radiotherapy

  • More than 14 days since prior radiotherapy
  • No prior radiotherapy to more than 25% of bone marrow
  • No plans for radiotherapy within the next 6 months
  • Concurrent palliative radiotherapy for skeletal pain allowed

Surgery

  • More than 14 days since prior surgery
  • No plans for surgery within the next 6 months

Other

  • Acute toxic effects of prior therapy (except for alopecia and neurotoxicity) must have resolved to grade 0, 1, or the patient's baseline

    • Treatment-related neurotoxicity must have resolved to the patient's baseline, not to exceed grade 2
  • Chronic bisphosphonates for bone pain allowed only for maintenance doses
  • More than 2 weeks since prior nonmyelosuppressive antimyeloma therapy
  • More than 2 weeks since prior macrolide antibiotics
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent macrolide antibiotics
  • No concurrent participation in another treatment clinical study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00060203

Locations
United States, Ohio
Ireland Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Hillard M. Lazarus, MD Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00060203     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PHAR1A02, CWRU-PHAR-1A02, PHARMACIA-196-ONC-0100-006
Study First Received: May 6, 2003
Last Updated: January 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
stage III multiple myeloma
refractory multiple myeloma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Plasmacytoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014