Studies of the Natural History and Pathogenesis and Outcome of Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID/CAPS, DIRA, CRMO, Still's Disease, Behcet's Disease, and Other Undifferentiated Autoinflammatory Diseases)
This study will examine and test patients with neonatal onset multi-system inflammatory disease (NOMID) to learn more about the cause and course of the disease. It will study the disease signs and symptoms and the possible role of a gene called CIAS1, and it will develop a database to gather information on patients with NOMID in the United States and around the world. It will also serve as a screening protocol to offer eligible patients participation in a treatment protocol, if an appropriate one is available.
Patients with this rare disease usually develop a chronic rash in the first days to weeks of life that can affect the entire body. Almost all patients have eye problems such as inflammation, optic atrophy, or swelling of the optic nerve. Joint problems can lead to severe disability. Nervous system problems can include chronic meningitis, brain atrophy, seizures, mental retardation, migraine headaches, hearing loss and others.
Patients with NOMID whose symptoms include a rash since birth along with one of the following: joint disease or bone overgrowth; central nervous system problem, eye problems, enlarged liver and spleen, or elevated inflammatory markers (substances that indicate inflammation) may be eligible for this study.
Participants will be admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for 3 to 4 days for the following tests:
- Medical history and physical, neurological, and eye examinations.
- Hearing test.
- Completion of quality of life questionnaires.
- Evaluation of memory and learning ability.
- Urine test.
- Blood tests for genetic analysis, HIV infection, and other laboratory values.
- Blood test to evaluate growth hormones in order to learn more about how inflammation affects the patient's growth. For this test, a small amount of blood is drawn every 20 minutes for 8 hours while the patient is sleeping. The tests show if the rhythm of growth hormone and other substances in the body is normal. This test is optional.
- Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) to collect cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the spinal canal. For this procedure, a local anesthetic is given and a needle is inserted in the space between the bones in the lower back where the CSF circulates below the spinal cord. A small amount of fluid is collected through the needle.
- Skin biopsy (surgical removal of tissue for microscopic examination) to characterize the rash and learn more about what causes it. The biopsy area is numbed and the superficial top layers of skin are shaved.
- Photographs of the patient in a bathing suit or underwear. These pictures are taken to document the skin rash and joint changes.
- X-rays and magnetic resonance (MRI) scans of the knees or other affected joints. X-rays will be done in patients who do not have recent x-rays (within the past 3 months) available. MRI will be done in patients who can lie in the scanner without requiring sedation.
- Brain MRI to evaluate the central nervous system involvement, done only in patients who can lie still for 45 minutes.
- Bone density scan to evaluate bone mineralization.
Rehabilitation evaluation to assess hand coordination, the ability to walk, and other functions.
Nervous System Anomalies
|Official Title:||Studies of the Natural History, Pathogenesis, and Outcome of Autoinflammatory Diseases (NOMID/CAPS, DIRA, CANDLE, CRMO, Still's Disease, Behcet's Disease, and Other Undifferentiated Autoinflammatory Diseases)|
|Study Start Date:||April 2003|
Autoinflammatory multisystem diseases are a group of diseases that are characterized by recurrent episodes of systemic inflammation as well as organ specific inflammation that can involve the skin, eyes, joints, bones, serosal surfaces, inner ear, and brain. The prominent role of IL-1 in the pathogenesis of these disorders has first become evident through the discovery of mutations in CIAS1 causing the cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) including the most severe presentation Neonatal Onset Multisystem Inflammatory Disease (NOMID). We recently identified a new autoinflammatory disease DIRA (Deficiency of IL-1 Receptor Antagonist), a disease that is caused by mutations in IL1RN. Therapy with anakinra, the IL-1 receptor antagonist, can be life-saving. We also study additional rare diseases including CANDLE (chronic atypical neutrophilic dermatosis with lipodystrophy and elevated temperatures), the spectrum CRMO (Chronic Recurrent Multifocal Osteomyelitis), Still's disease, and Beh et's disease (BD) all of which may involve dysregulation of IL-1. In this research protocol we seek to comprehensively evaluate affected patients clinically, genetically, immunologically, and endocrinologically. In addition we intend to evaluate long term outcome and biomarkers. Eligibility for ongoing and planned treatment protocols will be determined by screening patients in this protocol. We plan to evaluate patients on a consultative basis for other autoinflammatory diseases for possible enrollment into this study.
|Contact: Elaine M Novakovich||(301) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Raphaela T Goldbach-Mansky, M.D.||(301) email@example.com|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike||Recruiting|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL) 800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Raphaela T Goldbach-Mansky, M.D.||National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)|