Effect of Talampanel (an AMPA Receptor Blocker) on Brain Activity
This study will use transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG) to test the safety of an experimental anti-epileptic drug called Talampanel and learn how it affects brain activity. Talampanel blocks a type of brain receptor called AMPA; inhibiting this receptor may result in anti-seizure activity.
TMS stimulates the outer part of the brain, called the cortex. For this procedure, an insulated wire coil is placed on the subject's scalp. A brief electrical current is passed through the coil, creating a magnetic pulse that stimulates the brain. This may cause a pulling sensation on the skin under the coil and muscle twitching in the face, arm, or leg.
EEG records the electrical activity of the brain, in the form of brain waves. For this procedure, electrodes (metal discs with a conductive gel) attached to wires are affixed to the scalp with a paste and the brain activity is recorded.
Healthy normal volunteers between 18 and 45 years of age may participate in this study. Candidates will be screened with a physical and neurological examination, electrocardiogram (EKG), blood tests, and blood pressure measurement. Women who are pregnant or nursing are excluded from the study.
Participants will come to the NIH Clinical Center for three testing sessions, at least 1 week apart, and a final follow-up visit. The procedure for each test session is as follows:
7 AM - Blood pressure is measured, EKG and EEC leads are placed, a heparin lock is inserted, and a blood sample is drawn. The heparin lock is a thin needle enclosed in a thin plastic tube. The needle guides the tube into a vein and is then removed, leaving the tube in place. The indwelling tube allows multiple blood samples to be drawn without repeated needle sticks.
8 - 9 AM - TMS followed by EEG recording.
9 AM - Administration of Talampanel or placebo (pill with no active ingredient) by mouth.
10 AM - Blood sample #2.
10 AM -11 AM - TMS, followed by EEG recording every 5 minutes.
11 AM - Blood sample #3.
12 PM - Blood sample #4.
11 AM - 1 PM - EEG recording every 5 minutes/
4 PM - Blood sample #5.
5 PM - Discharge from Clinical Center.
At the final follow-up visit, the participant will talk with the doctor and have one final blood draw.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effects of AMPA Receptor Blockade on Human Cortical Excitability - A Pilot Study|
|Study Start Date:||April 2003|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2006|
Objectives. The purpose of this pilot study is to identify human neurophysiological parameters that are sensitive to talampanel, as assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG). Talampanel is a highly selective, orally active antagonist of the AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid) receptor. The study will test two hypotheses: (1) talampanel will, in a dose-dependent fashion, suppress the motor-evoked potential (MEP) amplitude and intracortical facilitation as determined by TMS, and (2) talampanel will, in a dose-dependent fashion, cause alterations in EEG power within specific frequency bands. We plan to administer a low (25 mg) and high (50 mg) dose of talampanel and placebo to normal volunteers and measure various TMS and EEG parameters that we hypothesize may be influenced by AMPA receptor blockade. We will simultaneously assay serum levels of talampanel. We will use statistical tests to correlate changes in the TMS and EEG measures with drug concentration. The results of this study will allow us to undertake a follow-up study in which we will determine the effects of AMPA receptor blockade by talampanel on human motor and cognitive function. Our ultimate goal is to determine whether drug-induced blockade of AMPA receptors can be achieved without unacceptable neurological impairment.
Study population. This will be a blinded and placebo-controlled pilot study using 12 normal volunteers.
Design. Normal volunteers accepted into the study will be subjected to the following exams: (a) TMS determination of MEP amplitude and paired-pulse testing at baseline and at peak serum levels after drug or placebo administration, (b) digital EEG recording for 1 h at baseline before administration of drug or placebo and during a period of 3 h after administration. Samples for serum chemistry, liver function tests, hematology, and urinalysis will be obtained at admission, at discharge, and in every clinic visit during the study. Blood samples for determining serum talampanel levels will be obtained at 1, 2, 3, and 8 h after drug administration. MEPs at interstimulus intervals of 2 to 20 ms will be compared among subjects before and after drug administration, by a repeated measures analysis of variance. Talampanel levels will be correlated with MEP amplitudes by regression analysis.
Clinical endpoint. This pilot study will identify information on the best TMS interstimulus interval or intervals for measuring changes in cortical excitability after AMPA blockade, as well as the EEG frequency band most sensitive to AMPA blockade with talampanel. Because talampanel is a highly selective AMPA receptor antagonist, we will be able to infer that the parameters that are sensitive to talampanel can be used as empirical assays of AMPA receptor function in humans.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|