Isotretinoin, Interferon Alfa, and Vitamin E in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Head and Neck Cancer
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as isotretinoin use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of tumor cells. Vitamin E may be able to decrease side effects caused by isotretinoin. It is not yet known whether combining isotretinoin and interferon alfa with vitamin E is more effective than observation in preventing recurrence of head and neck cancer after surgery and/or radiation therapy.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of isotretinoin and interferon alfa combined with vitamin E with that of observation in treating patients who have undergone surgery and/or radiation therapy for stage III or stage IV head and neck cancer.
Head and Neck Cancer
Biological: recombinant interferon alfa
Dietary Supplement: vitamin E
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase III Randomized Study of Adjuvant Biologic Therapy in Patients With Stages III/IV Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma|
|Study Start Date:||August 2003|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Determine the efficacy of adjuvant isotretinoin, interferon alfa, and vitamin E, in terms of incidence of primary disease recurrence and secondary primary tumor development, in patients with stage III or IV squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck previously treated with definitive surgical excision and/or postoperative radiotherapy.
- Determine the qualitative and quantitative toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
- Compare the overall and disease-free survival of patients treated with this regimen vs those who undergo observation only.
- Determine whether alterations of p53 gene, retinoic acid receptors, retinoid-regulated gene, and interferon-responsive genes are associated with clinical outcome in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to T stage (T1 or T2 vs T3 or T4), N stage (N0 or N1 vs N2 or N3), prior therapy (complete tumor resection vs resection and radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy vs radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy alone), and prior chemotherapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive oral isotretinoin once daily, interferon alfa subcutaneously 3 times weekly, and oral vitamin E 3 times daily. Treatment repeats every month for 12 courses (1 year) in the absence of disease recurrence or unacceptable toxicity.
- Arm II: Patients undergo observation only for 1 year. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 376 patients (188 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3.75 years.