Buspirone in Reducing Shortness of Breath in Patients With Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gary Morrow, University of Rochester
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00053846
First received: February 5, 2003
Last updated: January 31, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Buspirone may be effective in reducing dyspnea (shortness of breath) in patients with cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy.

PURPOSE: Randomized clinical trial to study the effectiveness of buspirone in reducing shortness of breath in patients who are undergoing chemotherapy for cancer.


Condition Intervention
Dyspnea
Pulmonary Complications
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Drug: buspirone hydrochloride

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Dyspnea In Cancer Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Rochester:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • dyspnea [ Time Frame: 28 days after beginning study drug or placebo ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 376
Study Start Date: November 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: buspirone hydrochloride Drug: buspirone hydrochloride
The dose of buspirone will be 10 mg taken by mouth at bedtime for 3 days, then twice each day, in the morning and at bedtime for the remainder of the 28 day study period

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Assess the degree to which buspirone can decrease the sensation of dyspnea in patients with malignant disease.
  • Estimate the incidence of dyspnea in patients seen in community oncology practice settings.
  • Investigate interrelationships of fatigue, depression, anxiety, and patient report of dyspnea.
  • Assess the quality of life of patients treated with this drug.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center (CCOP site). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Beginning on day 7 of chemotherapy, patients receive oral buspirone once a day for 3 days and then twice daily for up to 28 days.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo as in arm I. Dyspnea is assessed at baseline. Dyspnea, mood, fatigue, depression, anxiety, and quality of life are assessed within 5-7 days before chemotherapy and immediately following therapy.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 376 patients (188 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of cancer
  • Treatment includes the following scenarios:

    • May have had prior chemotherapy course(s)
    • Scheduled to receive at least 2 courses of chemotherapy

      • Courses may include multiple treatment days such as days 1-5 or day 1-day 8 regimens and may include oral regimens
  • Dyspnea as a symptom within the past 5 days (defined by a score of at least grade 2 on the Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale)

    • All underlying causes of dyspnea have received medical treatment per best clinical judgement of treating physician

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Not specified

Hepatic

  • Adequate hepatic function (determined by treating oncologist)

Renal

  • Adequate renal function (determined by treating oncologist)

Cardiovascular

  • Adequate cardiac function (determined by treating oncologist)

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No history of mania or seizures
  • No prior hospitalization for any psychiatric condition
  • No prior hypersensitivity to buspirone
  • Able to swallow medication

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Concurrent radiotherapy allowed

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • At least 2 weeks since prior and no concurrent monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
  • Concurrent narcotic medications allowed
  • Concurrent benzodiazepine medications allowed
  • Concurrent serotonin reuptake inhibitors allowed
  • No concurrent alcohol
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00053846

Locations
United States, Illinois
MBCCOP - University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612-7323
CCOP - Central Illinois
Decatur, Illinois, United States, 62526
CCOP - Evanston
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201
United States, Kansas
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
United States, Michigan
CCOP - Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States, 49007-3731
United States, Missouri
CCOP - Kansas City
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64131
United States, Nevada
CCOP - Nevada Cancer Research Foundation
Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, 89106
United States, New York
CCOP - Hematology-Oncology Associates of Central New York
East Syracuse, New York, United States, 13057
United States, North Carolina
CCOP - Southeast Cancer Control Consortium
Goldsboro, North Carolina, United States, 27534-9479
United States, Ohio
CCOP - Dayton
Dayton, Ohio, United States, 45429
United States, Oregon
CCOP - Columbia River Oncology Program
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97225
United States, South Carolina
CCOP - Greenville
Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29615
CCOP - Upstate Carolina
Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States, 29303
United States, Washington
CCOP - Northwest
Tacoma, Washington, United States, 98405-0986
United States, Wisconsin
CCOP - Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation
Marshfield, Wisconsin, United States, 54449
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Rochester
Investigators
Study Chair: Peter Bushunow, MD University of Rochester
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Gary Morrow, Director, URCC CCOP Research Base, University of Rochester
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00053846     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000269487, U10CA037420, URCC-U1701
Study First Received: February 5, 2003
Last Updated: January 31, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Rochester:
dyspnea
pulmonary complications
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dyspnea
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms
Buspirone
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin Receptor Agonists
Serotonin Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014