Preliminary Study of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Stroke Rehabilitation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00050128
First received: November 21, 2002
Last updated: October 25, 2007
Last verified: October 2007
  Purpose

This is a preliminary study to evaluate the possible use of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), together with exercise, for rehabilitation of chronic stroke patients. It will identify the optimum stimulation settings (within the limits of current safety guidelines) to be used in a later rehabilitation study and confirm the safety of the procedure at these settings. Some previous studies using TMS to treat movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease have shown improvement in motor function; others have not. The results of this study may provide information to help researchers design better rehabilitation treatments after stroke.

Stroke patients with residual arm function and no history of seizures may be eligible for this study. The stroke must have occurred at least 6 months before entry into the study and must have affected only one side of the brain.

For the TMS procedure, subjects are seated in a comfortable chair with their hands placed on a pillow on their lap. An insulated wire coil is placed on the scalp. A brief electrical current is passed through the coil, creating a magnetic pulse that stimulates the outer part of the brain, called the cortex. This may cause muscle, hand or arm twitching if the coil is near the part of the brain that controls movement, or it may affect movements or reflexes. Subjects are asked to make movements, do simple tasks, or tense muscles. Metal electrodes are taped to the skin over the muscle for computer recording of the electrical activity of the hand and arm muscles activated by the stimulation. The testing lasts 2-3 hours.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cerebrovascular Accident
Device: rTMS, Magstim
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Chronic Stroke Patients. Dose Effect on Motor Cortex Excitability, Motor Performance, and Safety Using Different Stimulation Parameters

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: November 2002
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2007
Detailed Description:

Stroke survivors are often left with permanent physical and mental disabilities that create a major social and economic burden. Many of these patients receive different therapies in an attempt to improve their independence and quality of life. However, most of the current strategies are focused on the acute stage after stroke and are of limited influence in improving stroke outcome. One of the main problems of patients who have suffered a stroke is the difficulty in appropriately using the hand contralateral to the lesioned hemisphere; to date we have no successful means to improve the hand function in chronic stages of stroke. This protocol attempts to address this problem.

A promising technique is repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) that, so far, has produced some effects on motor function on other movement disorders like Parkinson's disease (PD). We hypothesize that rTMS will have a beneficial effect on motor function in chronic stroke patients. Specifically, we propose to look at the effect of 20 and 25 Hz stimulation since these types of stimulation have been shown to increase the excitability of the cerebral cortex.

The purpose of this protocol is to investigate the effect of repetitive transcranial stimulation (rTMS) on the motor cortex of chronic stroke patients and motor function. Four different stimulation parameters within the limits of current safety guidelines will be used. We plan to determine; 1) which rTMS stimulation parameters induce more cortex excitability, 2) whether there is any improvement of hand motor function after rTMS, and 3) if the applied stimulation parameters are safe in chronic stroke patients. The optimal parameters will be subsequently proposed for use in an experimental protocol for rehabilitation.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Fifteen adult and impaired patients (right or left) with residual arm function who have had a single monohemispheric ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (documented by CT or MRI) at least 6 months before, without severe proprioceptive deficits, independent of previous physical therapy will be included.

They should be able to perform the pinch task.

Their gender or ethnic origin will not provide bias for inclusion to the study.

All subjects will sign an informed consent prior to participation in the trial.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Exclusion criteria for the trial will include any current actively treated medical or surgical condition or neurological or psychiatric illness other than stroke.

Any individual who is on medication which is known to lower seizure threshold, or who has a pacemaker, an implanted medical pump, a metal plate, a metal plate or metal object in the skull or eye (for example after brain surgery) will be excluded.

Additional exclusion include patients with:

History of more than one stroke;

Large cortical, cerebellar, or brainstem lesions;

An inability to extend metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints at least 10-20 degrees;

Substantially recovered motor function;

Severe depression;

Poor motivational capacity, or severe language disturbances (particularly of receptive nature);

Severe spasticity/pain;

Bilateral motor problems;

Serious cognitive deficits (defined as equivalent to a mini-mental state exam score of 20 or less);

Uncontrolled medical problems, such as: cardiopulmonary disease, severe rheumatoid arthritis, active joint deformity of arthritic origin, active cancer, or renal disease;

Uncontrollable issues due to natural aging;

History of seizure(s).

All patients will underfo electroencephalogram (EEG) examination prior to rTMS experiment as a part of the screening procedure.

Patients without any history of seizures, but with any sign of increased cerebral activity in the EEG will be excluded.

Women who are pregnant may not participate and women who are of childbearing years must be post-menopausal, sterile, or practicing adequate birth control.

Children will be excluded.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00050128

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00050128     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 030049, 03-N-0049
Study First Received: November 21, 2002
Last Updated: October 25, 2007
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Rehabilitation
Plasticity
Frequency
Inhibition
Pinch
Stroke

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cerebral Infarction
Stroke
Brain Infarction
Brain Ischemia
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014