Genetic Trial to Study Diarrhea in Patients With Stage III Colon Cancer Who Are Receiving Chemotherapy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00048971
First received: November 12, 2002
Last updated: November 16, 2009
Last verified: December 2003
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Genetic testing may help predict how patients will respond to chemotherapy drugs and may help doctors plan more effective treatment with fewer side effects.

PURPOSE: Genetic study to determine how genes affect the severity of diarrhea in patients with stage III colon cancer who are receiving chemotherapy.


Condition Intervention
Colorectal Cancer
Diarrhea
Neutropenia
Genetic: mutation analysis
Genetic: polymorphic microsatellite marker analysis

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: A Pharmacogenetic Case-Control Study of Severe Diarrhea and Life-Threatening Neutropenia in Patients Treated With Irinotecan, 5-Fluorouracil and Leucovorin

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: April 2002
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine whether the presence of a 7 allele at the UGT1A1 locus is associated with either grade 3-4 diarrhea or grade 4 neutropenia in patients with stage III colon cancer after treatment with irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium.
  • Determine whether polymorphisms in the TS enhancer and/or MTHFR gene are associated with grade 3-4 diarrhea in these patients after treatment with fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium.
  • Determine whether polymorphisms in UGT1A1, TS, MTHFR, CYP3A4, or CYP3A5 are associated with either grade 3-4 diarrhea or grade 4 neutropenia in these patients after treatment with irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to prior therapy (irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium vs fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium) and prior toxic effects (grade 3-4 diarrhea vs grade 4 neutropenia vs grade 1 or lower diarrhea AND grade 2 or lower neutropenia).

Patients undergo collection of blood specimens for polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Genotyping assays are performed to determine UGT1A1 promoter genotyping, UGT1A1 coding polymorphisms, TS promoter polymorphisms, and MTHFR polymorphisms.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 308 patients will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed stage III adenocarcinoma of the colon
  • Enrolled on CALGB-89803 and must fall into 1 of the following categories:

    • Received irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium and experienced at least 1 of the following:

      • Grade 3-4 diarrhea
      • Grade 4 neutropenia
      • Grade 1 or lower diarrhea AND grade 2 or lower neutropenia
    • Received fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium and experienced at least 1 of the following:

      • Grade 3-4 diarrhea
      • Grade 1 or lower diarrhea AND grade 2 or lower neutropenia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • Not specified

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • See Disease Characteristics

Hepatic

  • Not specified

Renal

  • Not specified

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Not specified

Surgery

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00048971

  Show 84 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Mark J. Ratain, MD University of Chicago
Study Chair: Steven R. Alberts, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00048971     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000257145, CALGB-60102, NCCTG-CALGB-60102
Study First Received: November 12, 2002
Last Updated: November 16, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adenocarcinoma of the colon
stage III colon cancer
diarrhea
neutropenia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colonic Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Diarrhea
Neutropenia
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Agranulocytosis
Leukopenia
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 22, 2014