A Study of the Effectiveness and Safety of High Dose, Short-course Levofloxacin in the Treatment of Acute Bacterial Exacerbation (Worsening) of Chronic Bronchitis.

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PriCara, Unit of Ortho-McNeil, Inc.
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00042718
First received: August 5, 2002
Last updated: April 26, 2010
Last verified: April 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of four oral antibiotic treatment regimens for bacterial infections in patients with chronic bronchitis. The study goals are to demonstrate that 1) levofloxacin 750 mg once daily for three days is no worse than azithromycin 250 mg twice a day for one day and then 250 mg once a day for four more days, and 2) levofloxacin 750 mg once daily for five days is no worse than amoxicillin/ clavulanate (875/125 mg) twice daily for 10 days.


Condition Intervention Phase
Bronchitis
Chronic Bronchitis
Drug: levofloxacin, azithromycin, amoxicillin/clavulanate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical response rates based on signs and symptoms at posttherapy visit.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Microbiologic eradication rates at posttherapy visit

Enrollment: 659
Study Start Date: November 2001
Study Completion Date: August 2003
Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, double-blind, multicenter treatment study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-dose, short-course oral levofloxacin treatment versus treatment with other oral antibiotics in acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (ABECB). This study evaluates the use of high-dose (750 milligrams) and short-course (3 or 5 days) levofloxacin compared with conventional doses and schedules of other effective antibiotics for controlling acute bacterial infections in patients with chronic bronchitis, The study will divide the 700 patients into two groups--one group with less severe (uncomplicated) chronic bronchitis, and one with more severe (complicated) chronic bronchitis. Patients with uncomplicated disease will receive levofloxacin 750 mg once daily for 3 days or azithromycin 250 mg twice a day for 1 day and then 250 mg once a day for 4 more days. Patients with complicated disease will receive levofloxacin 750 mg once daily for 5 days or amoxicillin/ clavulanate (875/125 mg) twice daily for 10 days. All patients will take study medication orally. Effectiveness will be measured by comparing the patient's signs and symptoms present at the Test-of-Cure Visits (study days 13 - 22) with those observed at the Study Entry Visit. Safety will be evaluated throughout the study on the basis of the occurrence and severity of unexpected and undesirable events as well as by laboratory tests and physical examinations. The hypothesis of the study is that a shorter course (3 days) of 750 mg levofloxacin will be at least as effective and well tolerated as azithromycin for 5 days for uncomplicated ABECB, and that 750 mg of levofloxacin for 5 days will be at least as effective and well tolerated as amoxicillin/ clavulanate for 10 days for curing complicated ABECB cases.

Uncomplicated ABECB: Oral doses of levofloxacin 750 mg once daily for 3 days, or azithromycin 250 mg twice daily on day 1, then 250 mg once daily on days 2 - 5. Complicated ABECB: Oral doses of levofloxacin 750 mg once daily for 5 days, or amoxicillin/clavulante 875/125 mg once daily for 10 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • History of chronic bronchitis
  • Diagnosis of Type-1 or Type-2 acute bacterial exacerbation (worsening) of chronic bronchitis (ABECB) with at least the presence of both increased sputum production and increased sputum purulence with evidence of inflammatory cells
  • If female, must be postmenopausal, surgically sterile, or practicing an effective method of birth control

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of bronchial asthma
  • Allergy or serious adverse reaction to any of the study medications or other antibiotics
  • Failed treatment for pneumonia or acute bacterial exacerbation (worsening) of chronic bronchitis ABECB in three months prior to enrollment in the study with any of the study medications or other antibiotics
  • Can not tolerate medication taken by mouth
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00042718

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
PriCara, Unit of Ortho-McNeil, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

No publications provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00042718     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR002650
Study First Received: August 5, 2002
Last Updated: April 26, 2010
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Chronic Bronchitis
Acute Bacterial Exacerbation of Chronic Bronchitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bronchitis
Acute Disease
Bronchitis, Chronic
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Levofloxacin
Ofloxacin
Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Renal Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014